What is the Freedom Of Information Act?

The FOIA is a federal law that allows any US citizen to obtain by written request certain federal documents.

It pertains to federal issues only and to specific documents only.

It does give the individual the right to access documents such as congressional dispatches, state or federal court information of cases that have not yet been placed in public archives nor does it include the authority for the access of state or local government records.

Many countries outside the US also have similar acts in their statutes.