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Located atop three tectonic plates (North American, Pacific and Cocos Plates), Mexico is one of the most geologically active regions of Earth. This has resulted in a varied topography, which includes the three Sierra Madre mountain ranges, the Mexican Altiplano and the flat lands around the Yucatan Peninsula. Also, The Tropic of Cancer (23° 26' 22'' N) effectively divides the country into northern temperate and southern subtropical zones.

Due to its topography and extensive territory (1,972,550 square kilometers or 761,606 square miles, ranked 14th largest worldwide) Mexico has one of the world's most diverse climates:

Arid or semiarid conditions are encountered in the Baja California Peninsula, the northwestern state of Sonora, the northern Altiplano, and also significant portions of the southern Altiplano. Rainfall in these regions averages between 300 and 600 millimeters (12-24 inches) per year, and temperature variations are pronounced, between 5°C (41°F) on winter up to 42°C (107°F) on summer months.

Low-lying areas along the Gulf of Mexico and Yucatan Peninsula receive in excess of 1,000 millimeters (40 inches) of rainfall in an average year, with the wettest region being the southeastern state of Tabasco, which typically receives approximately 2,000 millimeters (80 inches) of rainfall on an annual basis. These lands are mostly tropical savanna, with fairly constant temperatures averaging 24°C (75°F) and 28°C (83°F).

Towns and cities on the Mexican Altiplano, as well as those found along the Sierra Madre mountain ranges bellow the 1,000 meter mark (3,300 feet) have relatively constant, pleasant temperatures throughout the year between 16°C (61°F) and 20°C (68°F); the most common climate is subtropical highland. On the other hand, more northerly locations experience sizable seasonal variations. Above 2,000 meters (6,600 feet), temperatures drop as low as an average yearly range between 8°C (47°F) and 12°C (54°F). Parts of the northern Altiplano and high peaks in the Sierra Madre Occidental and the Sierra Madre Oriental occasionally receive significant snowfalls.

Due to the diversity of temperatures Mexico is composed by a wide variety of biomes and land uses:

  • Scrub forests and deserts: 29% - same size of Spain and Lithuania, or California and Illinois put together.
  • Forests of many kinds, including boreal, temperate and subtropical highland forests: 17% - roughly the size of Finland or New Mexico.
  • Tropical rainforest or 'jungle': 17%
  • Man-made pastures: 12% - roughly the size of Romania or slightly larger than Minnesota.
  • Naturally occurring pastures: 4% - roughly the size of the Czech Republic or slightly smaller than South Carolina.
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โˆ™ 2013-09-25 16:39:19
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Q: What is the climate of Mexico?
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Related questions

Climate in New Mexico?

the climate in new mexico is very hot


Does Tennessee or New Mexico have an arid climate?

New Mexico has an arid and semi-arid climate.


Why does Mexico have such a warm climate?

The main reason of Mexico's warmer climate is closer proximity to the Equator.


What kind of climate is Mexico in?

injurious climate


Why does central Mexico have a high population?

It has the best farmland an climate, in high contrast with northern Mexico which is quite arid, and to southern Mexico which has a tropical climate.


Does Mexico have tropical climate?

Northern Mexico is part of the Sonoran and Chihuahuan deserts, so it has a dry, arid climate. The Mexican central plateau, where Mexico City and many other cities are located, has a temperate climate, such as San Francisco or Los Angeles in the United States. Southern Mexico has a more tropical climate, but as Mexico has a rugged topography, some parts of the south have a "mountain jungle" climate that is incredibly humid, but temperate.


Is Mexico's climate tropical?

No. Northern Mexico is part of the Sonoran and Chihuahuan deserts, so it has a dry, arid climate. The Mexican central plateau, where Mexico City and many other cities are located, has a temperate climate, such as San Francisco or Los Angeles in the United States. Southern Mexico has a more tropical climate, but as Mexico has a rugged topography, some parts of the south have a "mountain jungle" climate that is incredibly humid, but temperate.


Why does Mexico have tropical climate?

Northern Mexico is part of the Sonoran and Chihuahuan deserts, so it has a dry, arid climate. The Mexican central plateau, where Mexico City and many other cities are located, has a temperate climate, such as San Francisco or Los Angeles in the United States. Southern Mexico has a more tropical climate, but as Mexico has a rugged topography, some parts of the south have a "mountain jungle" climate that is incredibly humid, but temperate.


What is Mexico's climate?

Mexico's climate is in the 90's in the day, and drops as far as 30 degrees at nighttime in the dessert.


Landscape in Mexico?

Mexico has almost every climate


Are you most likely to have a warm climate in Canada or in Mexico?

in mexico because mexico is like a jungle


Where in Mexico grows fruit?

Fruit grows in western, central and southern Mexico. Specific fruits depend on climate and humidity: sugar cane, mangoes and bananas are grown in southern Mexico, which has a tropical climate; apples, strawberries or cherries are grown in central Mexico, which has a temperate climate. Grapes and citric fruits (grapefruit, lemon, lime and orange) are grown in western Mexico, which has a Mediterranean climate.


Are you more likely to have a warm climate in Canada or in Mexico?

Mexico would have an overall warmer climate than Canada, because it is closer to the equator.


What is the climate like in the central part of Mexico?

It has temperate climate


Why does Mexico have warm climate?

Because Mexico is closer to the Equator.


Does southern Mexico have a very cold climate?

the climate of southern Mexico is tropical - primarily humid and warn to hot year-round.


What is Mexico wheather like?

Northern Mexico is part of the Sonoran and Chihuahuan deserts, so it has a dry, arid climate. The Mexican central plateau, where Mexico City and many other cities are located, has a temperate climate, such as that of San Francisco or Los Angeles in the United States. Southern Mexico has a more tropical climate, but as Mexico has a rugged topography, some parts of the south have "mountain jungles" that have a humid, but temperate climate.


Why is Mexico tropical?

Northern Mexico is part of the Sonoran and Chihuahuan deserts, so it has a dry, arid climate. The Mexican central plateau, where Mexico City and many other cities are located, has a temperate climate, such as San Francisco or Los Angeles in the United States. Southern Mexico has a more tropical climate, but as Mexico has a rugged topography, some parts of the south have a "mountain jungle" climate that is incredibly humid, but temperate.


What is the climate in Guadalajara Mexico in spring?

the climate would be hot but not to hot


How does the climate of Mexico city differ from the climate in the south?

it poops in its pants


How does the climate from Mexico City differ from the climate in the south?

it poops in its pants


How are the climates of Canada and Mexico different?

Canada has a subpolar and polar climate, while Mexico has a subtropical climate including deserts and tropical rainforests.


What type of climate does the city of Progreso in Mexico experience?

Progreso in Mexico experiences a nice warm climate (about 75 degrees Fahrenheit). Progreso has a somewhat windy but warm climate that is found year round.


Which state has a predominantly arid climate Tennessee or New Mexico?

new mexico.


Which climate is warmer Mexico or Canada?

Mexico is warmer as it is much closer to the equator than Canada.