Mexico

Mexico is a country on the southern tip of North America. Not to be confused with the US State of New Mexico, it is home of ancient Aztec and Maya civilizations. Also known for Tequila, Mariachis, Cancun and Los Cabos, this is the place to ask anything related to Mexico.

Asked in Immigration, Mexico

Why do Mexicans illegally cross the US-Mexican border?

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Like most modern Americans (unless you are a Native American), they leave their home country for economic, religious or political reasons. In the case of Mexicans (and nowadays, more and more Central Americans), they are attracted to the "American dream": while, on average, a U.S. worker earns a wage of US$58,714, the average Mexican worker earns only US$14,867. In addition, many of them flee their home countries due to increasing drug violence in Mexico and the Northern Triangle (Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras). For example, while the United States has a murder rate of 3.9 homicides per 100,000 people, the Mexican state of Guerrero has a murder rate of 67; El Salvador has a rate of 64, and Honduras has a rate of 84 (highest in the world). Most illegal immigrants are people with little or no education; most of them are former farm laborers who do not earn enough to support their families and are forced to look for alternatives. As the process of immigration and naturalization into the U.S. would disqualify them, many opted to enter the country illegally. Nowadays, due to stricter border controls and a general improvement of the Mexican economy, the immigration process has begun to reverse: the net migration rate between 2009 and 2014 is 140,000 people leaving the country for Mexico; most illegal immigrants that enter U.S. soil today are Central Americans, and even an increasing number of them apply for asylum in Mexico. Mexico Push Factors: Few opportunities Poor medical care Loss of wealth Poor housing Discrimination Pull Factors of the United States: Job opportunities Better living conditions Education Better medical care Security Family links
Asked in Calendar, Mexico, Father's Day

When is Father's Day in Mexico?

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Father's Day in Mexico is the third Sunday of June, same as in the United States and many other countries.
Asked in United States of America, New Mexico, Mexico

What US States border Mexico?

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They are California, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas.
Asked in Mexico, World Currencies

What is the currency of Mexico?

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The Mexican Peso is the currency of Mexico; its symbol and code are $ and MXN. The most important currencies' exchange rates for Mexican Pesos (Jan 2017) are: Euros: 1 EUR = 22.97 MXN (conversely 1 MXN = 0.044EUR) US Dollars: 1 USD = 21.66 MXN (conversely 1 MXN = 0.046 USD) British Pounds: 1 GBP = 26.14 MXN (conversely 1 MXN = 0.038 GBP) Canadian Dollars: 1 CAD = 16.47 MXN (conversely 1 MXN = 0.061 CAD) Japanese Yens: 1 JPY = 0.19 MXN (conversely 1 MXN = 5.27 JPY) Mexican denominations include 0.05 (five cents or centavos), 0.10, 0.20 , 0.50, 1, 2, 5, 10 and 20 coins as well as 20, 50, 100, 200, 500 and 1000 bank notes. 100 centavos = 1 peso
Asked in Languages and Cultures, Mexico

What languages are spoken in Mexico?

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Mexico is a nation with a huge linguistic diversity. Spanish is the de-facto language (meaning Mexico does not have any official language) spoken by 92.7% of the Mexican population. 63 Amerindian languages are also recognized as national languages and can be used for official purposes; these include Nahuatl, Yucatec Maya, Mixtec, Zapotec, Tzeltal Maya, Tzotzil Maya and Otomi. It is estimated 5.7% of the population, or about 6 million people (the second largest after Peru), speaks any one of these languages besides Spanish and 0.8% speaks only one of these Amerindian languages. Nahuatl is spoken by about 1.5 million and about 800,000 to 1.2 million speak Yukatek Maya and about 700,000 more speak other Mayan languages. There are also many non-indigenous languages spoken in Mexico, the most important being English - spoken by English-speaking immigrants, many residents on the northern border states of Mexico and many people who use it on a daily basis for business and tourism activities. Finally, other foreign languages include German, French, Arabic, Russian, Hebrew, Korean and Chinese, spoken by less than 0.8% of the population; most of them are spoken by first or second generation immigrants. One example of these is the rather large Orthodox Jewish community in Mexico City, keeping many of their customs intact, including their language. Well, books and papers in general normally mention Spanish and Náhuatl, but undoubtedly some other indigenous (native) languages are still spoken, and maybe some groups don´t speak Spanish! Spanish is the major language of Mexico, spoken by over 90% of the population. Mexico is a nation with a huge linguistic diversity. Spanish is the de-facto language (meaning Mexico does not have any official language) spoken by 92.7% of the Mexican population. 63 Amerindian languages are also recognized as national languages and can be used for official purposes; these include Nahuatl,Yucatec Maya, Mixtec, Zapotec, Tzeltal Maya, Tzotzil Maya and Otomi. It is estimated 5.7% of the population, or about 6 million people (the second largest after Peru), speaks any one of these languages besides Spanish and 0.8% speaks only one of these Amerindian languages. Nahuatl is spoken by about 1.5 million and about 800,000 to 1.2 million speak Yukatek Maya and about 700,000 more speak other Mayan languages. Answer There are also many non-indigenous languages spoken in Mexico, the most important being English - spoken by English-speaking immigrants, many residents on the northern border states of Mexico and many people who use it on a daily basis for business and tourism activities. Finally, other foreign languages include German, French, Arabic, Russian, Hebrew, Korean and Chinese, spoken by less than 0.8% of the population; most of them are spoken by first or second generation immigrants. One example of these is the rather large Orthodox Jewish community in Mexico City, keeping many of their customs intact, including their language. As an interesting fact, the least spoken languages in Mexico include either Lao (From Laos), Dhivehi (from the Maldives Islands), Kazakh (Kazakhstan) or Uzbek (Uzbekistan), spoken by less than 10 people in Mexico, all of them registered immigrants. The least spoken Amerindian, native language in Mexico would be the Opata language, spoken by 12 speakers in 1997 and considered almost extinct. Spanish, Nahuatl, Maya, Zapotec, Mixtec, P'urhépecha, others Spanish is the lingua franca of Mexico. Linguists have identified over 260 languages and dialects spoken in Mexico today. Many people in Mexico start life in one of these dialects. They learn Mexican Spanish as a second language when they attend school. When they come to the US and learn English, they're working on their third or fourth language. Some of the major branch languages spoken are Mixtec, Zapotec, Nahuatl, Totonac, Chinantec. Answer In addition to Spanish, the de-facto language spoken by 92.7% of the Mexican population, 63 Amerindian languages are recognized as national languages; these include Nahuatl, Yucatec Maya, Mixtec, Zapotec, Tzeltal Maya, Tzotzil Maya and Otomi. It is estimated 5.7% of the population speaks any one of these languages besides Spanish and 0.8% speaks only one of these Amerindian languages. There are also many non-indigenous languages spoken in Mexico, the most important being English - spoken by English-speaking immigrants, many residents on the northern border states of Mexico and many people who use it on a daily basis for business and tourism activities. Finally, other foreign languages include German, French, Arabic, Russian, Hebrew, Korean and Chinese, spoken by less than 0.8% of the population; most of them are spoken by first or second generation immigrants. One example of these is the rather large Orthodox Jewish community in Mexico City, keeping many of their customs intact, including their language. Answer Spanish is the main language spoken in Mexico. Spanish. Spanish. Spanish Answer Mexico is a nation with a huge linguistic diversity. In addition to Spanish, the de-facto language spoken by 92.7% of the Mexican population, 63 Amerindian languages are recognized as national languages; these include Nahuatl, Yucatec Maya, Mixtec, Zapotec, Tzeltal Maya, Tzotzil Maya and Otomi. It is estimated 5.7% of the population, about 6 million people (the second largest after Peru), speaks any one of these languages besides Spanish and 0.8% speaks only one of these Amerindian languages. Nahuatl is spoken by about 1.5 million and about 800,000 to 1.2 million speak Yucatec Maya and about 700,000 more speak other Mayan languages. There are also many non-indigenous languages spoken in Mexico, the most important being English - spoken by English-speaking immigrants, many residents on the northern border states of Mexico and many people who use it on a daily basis for business and tourism activities. Finally, other foreign languages include German, French, Arabic, Russian, Hebrew, Korean and Chinese, spoken by less than 0.8% of the population; most of them are spoken by first or second generation immigrants. One example of these is the rather large Orthodox Jewish community in Mexico City, keeping many of their customs intact, including their language. As an interesting fact, the least spoken languages in Mexico include either Lao (From Laos), Dhivehi (from the Maldives Islands), Kazakh (Kazakhstan) or Uzbek (Uzbekistan), spoken by less than 10 people in Mexico, all of them registered immigrants. The least spoken Amerindian, native language in Mexico would be the Opata language, spoken by 15 speakers in 1993 and considered almost extinct. Spanish Spanish. Spanish is the most widely spoken language in Mexico. jantahik Nahuatl qualifies as such. It is spoken by approximately 1.5 million people (1.3% of the population, 2010). If you mean foreign languages, English is the largest, spoken by at least 0.5 million people due to business and tourism-related activities. Spanish is the most spoken language in Mexico and is the de facto national language. The second most spoken language is English. Other minor languages include French, German, Russian, Arabic, and Basque. Major indigenous languages include Nahuatl, Yucatec Maya, and Mixtec. 62 indigenous languages. Spanish makes 63. Mexico does not have any official languages (just like the U.S.). But the most commonly spoken language is Spanish. Yes. In addition to Spanish, the de-facto language spoken by 92.7% of the Mexican population, 63 Amerindian languages are recognized as national languages; these include Nahuatl, Yucatec Maya, Mixtec, Zapotec, Tzeltal Maya, Tzotzil Maya and Otomi. It is estimated 5.7% of the population speaks any one of these languages besides Spanish and 0.8% speaks only one of these Amerindian languages. In addition to Spanish, the de-facto language spoken by 92.7% of the Mexican population, 63 Amerindian languages are recognized as national languages; these include Nahuatl, Yucatec Maya, Mixtec, Zapotec, Tzeltal Maya, Tzotzil Maya and Otomi. It is estimated 5.7% of the population speaks any one of these languages besides Spanish and 0.8% speaks only one of these Amerindian languages. Indian Native American Languages are spoken in South Mexia by 14 mio people Spanish is Spoken in the North mostly around the Mexican American Border Spanish, the official language, is spoken by nearly the entire population, thus giving Mexico the world's largest Spanish-speaking community; more Mexicans speak Spanish than Spaniards. Only a small number of inhabitants, about 1% of the population according to last estimate, speak only indigenous Amerindian languages or dialects. A larger percentage, some7.5% at last estimate, speak some Amerindian language. There are at least 31 different Amerindian language groups, the principal languages being Nahuatl, Maya, Zapotec, Otomi, and Mixtec. the Mexicans speak a mixture of spanish, Aztec, Mayan, and many others Spainish Spanish. Here is a list of all 299 languages spoken in Mexico: 1. Afro-Seminole Creole 2. Amuzgo, Guerrero 3. Amuzgo, Ipalapa 4. Amuzgo, San Pedro Amuzgos 5. Chatino, Eastern Highland 6. Chatino, Nopala 7. Chatino, Tataltepec 8. Chatino, Western Highland 9. Chatino, Zacatepec 10. Chatino, Zenzontepec 11. Chiapanec 12. Chichimeca-Jonaz 13. Chicomuceltec 14. Chinantec, Chiltepec 15. Chinantec, Comaltepec 16. Chinantec, Lalana 17. Chinantec, Lealao 18. Chinantec, Ojitlán 19. Chinantec, Ozumacín 20. Chinantec, Palantla 21. Chinantec, Quiotepec 22. Chinantec, Sochiapam 23. Chinantec, Tepetotutla 24. Chinantec, Tepinapa 25. Chinantec, Tlacoatzintepec 26. Chinantec, Usila 27. Chinantec, Valle Nacional 28. Chocholtec 29. Chol, Tila 30. Chol, Tumbalá 31. Chontal, Highland Oaxaca 32. Chontal, Lowland Oaxaca 33. Chontal, Tabasco 34. Chuj, Ixtatán 35. Cochimi 36. Cocopa 37. Cora, El Nayar 38. Cora, Santa Teresa 39. Cuicatec, Tepeuxila 40. Cuicatec, Teutila 41. Huarijío 42. Huastec, San Luís Potosí 43. Huastec, Southeastern 44. Huastec, Veracruz 45. Huave, San Dionisio del Mar 46. Huave, San Francisco del Mar 47. Huave, San Mateo del Mar 48. Huave, Santa María del Mar 49. Huichol 50. Ixcatec 51. Jacaltec, Western 52. Kanjobal, Western 53. Kickapoo 54. Kiliwa 55. Kumiai 56. Lacandon 57. Mam, Northern 58. Mam, Todos Santos 59. Matlatzinca, Atzingo 60. Matlatzinca, San Francisco 61. Maya, Chan Santa Cruz 62. Maya, Yucatán 63. Mayo 64. Mazahua, Central 65. Mazahua, Michoacán 66. Mazatec, Ayautla 67. Mazatec, Chiquihuitlán 68. Mazatec, Huautla 69. Mazatec, Ixcatlán 70. Mazatec, Jalapa de Díaz 71. Mazatec, Mazatlán 72. Mazatec, San Jerónimo Tecóatl 73. Mazatec, Soyaltepec 74. Me'phaa, Acatepec 75. Me'phaa, Azoyú 76. Me'phaa, Malinaltepec 77. Me'phaa, Tlacoapa 78. Mexican Sign Language 79. Mixe, Coatlán 80. Mixe, Isthmus 81. Mixe, Juquila 82. Mixe, Mazatlán 83. Mixe, North Central 84. Mixe, Quetzaltepec 85. Mixe, Tlahuitoltepec 86. Mixe, Totontepec 87. Mixtec, Alacatlatzala 88. Mixtec, Alcozauca 89. Mixtec, Amoltepec 90. Mixtec, Apasco-Apoala 91. Mixtec, Atatláhuca 92. Mixtec, Ayutla 93. Mixtec, Cacaloxtepec 94. Mixtec, Chayuco 95. Mixtec, Chazumba 96. Mixtec, Chigmecatitlán 97. Mixtec, Coatzospan 98. Mixtec, Cuyamecalco 99. Mixtec, Diuxi-Tilantongo 100. Mixtec, Huitepec 101. Mixtec, Itundujia 102. Mixtec, Ixtayutla 103. Mixtec, Jamiltepec 104. Mixtec, Juxtlahuaca 105. Mixtec, Magdalena Peñasco 106. Mixtec, Metlatónoc 107. Mixtec, Mitlatongo 108. Mixtec, Mixtepec 109. Mixtec, Northern Tlaxiaco 110. Mixtec, Northwest Oaxaca 111. Mixtec, Ocotepec 112. Mixtec, Peñoles 113. Mixtec, Pinotepa Nacional 114. Mixtec, San Juan Colorado 115. Mixtec, San Juan Teita 116. Mixtec, San Miguel el Grande 117. Mixtec, San Miguel Piedras 118. Mixtec, Santa Lucía Monteverde 119. Mixtec, Santa María Zacatepec 120. Mixtec, Silacayoapan 121. Mixtec, Sindihui 122. Mixtec, Sinicahua 123. Mixtec, Southeastern Nochixtlán 124. Mixtec, Southern Puebla 125. Mixtec, Southwestern Tlaxiaco 126. Mixtec, Soyaltepec 127. Mixtec, Tacahua 128. Mixtec, Tamazola 129. Mixtec, Tezoatlán 130. Mixtec, Tidaá 131. Mixtec, Tijaltepec 132. Mixtec, Tlazoyaltepec 133. Mixtec, Tututepec 134. Mixtec, Western Juxtlahuaca 135. Mixtec, Yoloxóchitl 136. Mixtec, Yosondúa 137. Mixtec, Yucuañe 138. Mixtec, Yutanduchi 139. Mocho 140. Nahuatl, Central 141. Nahuatl, Central Huasteca 142. Nahuatl, Central Puebla 143. Nahuatl, Classical 144. Nahuatl, Coatepec 145. Nahuatl, Durango 146. Nahuatl, Eastern Huasteca 147. Nahuatl, Guerrero 148. Nahuatl, Highland Puebla 149. Nahuatl, Huaxcaleca 150. Nahuatl, Isthmus-Cosoleacaque 151. Nahuatl, Isthmus-Mecayapan 152. Nahuatl, Isthmus-Pajapan 153. Nahuatl, Michoacán 154. Nahuatl, Morelos 155. Nahuatl, Northern Oaxaca 156. Nahuatl, Northern Puebla 157. Nahuatl, Ometepec 158. Nahuatl, Orizaba 159. Nahuatl, Santa María la Alta 160. Nahuatl, Sierra Negra 161. Nahuatl, Southeastern Puebla 162. Nahuatl, Tabasco 163. Nahuatl, Temascaltepec 164. Nahuatl, Tetelcingo 165. Nahuatl, Tlamacazapa 166. Nahuatl, Western Huasteca 167. Nahuatl, Zacatlán-Ahuacatlán-Tepetzintla 168. Opata 169. Otomi, Eastern Highland 170. Otomi, Estado de México 171. Otomi, Ixtenco 172. Otomi, Mezquital 173. Otomi, Querétaro 174. Otomi, Temoaya 175. Otomi, Tenango 176. Otomi, Texcatepec 177. Otomi, Tilapa 178. Paipai 179. Pame, Central 180. Pame, Northern 181. Pame, Southern 182. Pima Bajo 183. Plautdietsch 184. Popoloca, Coyotepec 185. Popoloca, Mezontla 186. Popoloca, San Felipe Otlaltepec 187. Popoloca, San Juan Atzingo 188. Popoloca, San Luís Temalacayuca 189. Popoloca, San Marcos Tlalcoyalco 190. Popoloca, Santa Inés Ahuatempan 191. Popoluca, Highland 192. Popoluca, Oluta 193. Popoluca, Sayula 194. Popoluca, Texistepec 195. Purepecha 196. Purepecha, Western Highland 197. Seri 198. Spanish 199. Tacanec 200. Tarahumara, Central 201. Tarahumara, Northern 202. Tarahumara, Southeastern 203. Tarahumara, Southwestern 204. Tarahumara, Western 205. Tectitec 206. Tepecano 207. Tepehua, Huehuetla 208. Tepehua, Pisaflores 209. Tepehua, Tlachichilco 210. Tepehuan, Northern 211. Tepehuan, Southeastern 212. Tepehuan, Southwestern 213. Tojolabal 214. Totonac, Coyutla 215. Totonac, Filomena Mata-Coahuitlán 216. Totonac, Highland 217. Totonac, Papantla 218. Totonac, Tecpatlán 219. Totonac, Upper Necaxa 220. Totonac, Ozumatlán 221. Totonac, Xicotepec de Juárez 222. Totonac, Yecuatla 223. Triqui, Chicahuaxtla 224. Triqui, Copala 225. Triqui, San Martín Itunyoso 226. Tubar 227. Tzeltal, Bachajón 228. Tzeltal, Oxchuc 229. Tzotzil, Chamula 230. Tzotzil, Chenalhó 231. Tzotzil, Huixtán 232. Tzotzil, San Andrés Larrainzar 233. Tzotzil, Venustiano Carranza 234. Tzotzil, Zinacantán 235. Yaqui 236. Yucatec Maya Sign Language 237. Zapotec 238. Zapotec, Aloápam 239. Zapotec, Amatlán 240. Zapotec, Asunción Mixtepec 241. Zapotec, Ayoquesco 242. Zapotec, Cajonos 243. Zapotec, Chichicapan 244. Zapotec, Choapan 245. Zapotec, Coatecas Altas 246. Zapotec, Coatlán 247. Zapotec, El Alto 248. Zapotec, Elotepec 249. Zapotec, Guevea de Humboldt 250. Zapotec, Güilá 251. Zapotec, Isthmus 252. Zapotec, Lachiguiri 253. Zapotec, Lachixío 254. Zapotec, Lapaguía-Guivini 255. Zapotec, Loxicha 256. Zapotec, Mazaltepec 257. Zapotec, Miahuatlán 258. Zapotec, Mitla 259. Zapotec, Mixtepec 260. Zapotec, Ocotlán 261. Zapotec, Ozolotepec 262. Zapotec, Petapa 263. Zapotec, Quiavicuzas 264. Zapotec, Quioquitani-Quierí 265. Zapotec, Rincón 266. Zapotec, San Agustín Mixtepec 267. Zapotec, San Baltazar Loxicha 268. Zapotec, San Juan Guelavía 269. Zapotec, San Pedro Quiatoni 270. Zapotec, San Vicente Coatlán 271. Zapotec, Santa Catarina Albarradas 272. Zapotec, Santa Inés Yatzechi 273. Zapotec, Santa María Quiegolani 274. Zapotec, Santiago Xanica 275. Zapotec, Santo Domingo Albarradas 276. Zapotec, Sierra de Juárez 277. Zapotec, Southeastern Ixtlán 278. Zapotec, Southern Rincon 279. Zapotec, Tabaa 280. Zapotec, Tejalapan 281. Zapotec, Texmelucan 282. Zapotec, Tilquiapan 283. Zapotec, Tlacolulita 284. Zapotec, Totomachapan 285. Zapotec, Xadani 286. Zapotec, Xanaguía 287. Zapotec, Yalálag 288. Zapotec, Yareni 289. Zapotec, Yatee 290. Zapotec, Yatzachi 291. Zapotec, Yautepec 292. Zapotec, Zaachila 293. Zapotec, Zaniza 294. Zapotec, Zoogocho 295. Zoque, Chimalapa 296. Zoque, Copainalá 297. Zoque, Francisco León 298. Zoque, Rayón 299. Zoque, Tabasco spanish, English and franch
Asked in Mexico

What is the climate of Mexico?

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Located atop three tectonic plates (North American, Pacific and Cocos Plates), Mexico is one of the most geologically active regions of Earth. This has resulted in a varied topography, which includes the three Sierra Madre mountain ranges, the Mexican Altiplano and the flat lands around the Yucatan Peninsula. Also, The Tropic of Cancer (23° 26' 22'' N) effectively divides the country into northern temperate and southern subtropical zones. Due to its topography and extensive territory (1,972,550 square kilometers or 761,606 square miles, ranked 14th largest worldwide) Mexico has one of the world's most diverse climates: Arid or semiarid conditions are encountered in the Baja California Peninsula, the northwestern state of Sonora, the northern Altiplano, and also significant portions of the southern Altiplano. Rainfall in these regions averages between 300 and 600 millimeters (12-24 inches) per year, and temperature variations are pronounced, between 5°C (41°F) on winter up to 42°C (107°F) on summer months. Low-lying areas along the Gulf of Mexico and Yucatan Peninsula receive in excess of 1,000 millimeters (40 inches) of rainfall in an average year, with the wettest region being the southeastern state of Tabasco, which typically receives approximately 2,000 millimeters (80 inches) of rainfall on an annual basis. These lands are mostly tropical savanna, with fairly constant temperatures averaging 24°C (75°F) and 28°C (83°F). Towns and cities on the Mexican Altiplano, as well as those found along the Sierra Madre mountain ranges bellow the 1,000 meter mark (3,300 feet) have relatively constant, pleasant temperatures throughout the year between 16°C (61°F) and 20°C (68°F); the most common climate is subtropical highland. On the other hand, more northerly locations experience sizable seasonal variations. Above 2,000 meters (6,600 feet), temperatures drop as low as an average yearly range between 8°C (47°F) and 12°C (54°F). Parts of the northern Altiplano and high peaks in the Sierra Madre Occidental and the Sierra Madre Oriental occasionally receive significant snowfalls. Due to the diversity of temperatures Mexico is composed by a wide variety of biomes and land uses: Scrub forests and deserts: 29% - same size of Spain and Lithuania, or California and Illinois put together. Forests of many kinds, including boreal, temperate and subtropical highland forests: 17% - roughly the size of Finland or New Mexico. Tropical rainforest or 'jungle': 17% Man-made pastures: 12% - roughly the size of Romania or slightly larger than Minnesota. Naturally occurring pastures: 4% - roughly the size of the Czech Republic or slightly smaller than South Carolina.
Asked in Oral Health and Dental Care, Mexico, Dentists

How do you find a reputable dentist in Mexico?

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Dental care abroad If you go abroad for dental care: -- Check with the appropriate government agency in the destination country about its national dentistry guidelines. -- Find out what recourse is available if something goes wrong. -- At the dental office, look for infection-control procedures, including instrument sterilization and use of protective gloves, mask and eyewear. -- A traveler's guide to dental care is available through the Organization for Safety and Asepsis Procedures at www.osap.org. Source: American Dental Association. Why is dental cheaper in Mexico? - lower operating costs, dentists are not required have malpractice insurance, dentists are less advanced and use less expensive technology and infection control procedures. Dental treatment performed abroad although less expensive, also carries an increased number of associated complications and risks. Travel, Dental Care and Dental Tourism There is a growing phenomena called "Dental Tourism" in which people travel to a destination that offers less expensive dental care. The decision to visit another country for dental care should go beyond simply comparing prices or even evaluating the dentists' expertise. Countries differ in their standards for infection control and safety. The use of fresh gloves, sterile instruments and safe water are not standard practice in all countries. Without these precautions, patients could be infected with diseases such as hepatitis B. Before considering such trips, it is important to be prepared by using information such as that contained in OSAP's Traveler's Guide. Additional information may be obtained at www.ada.org, www.iamat.org and www.adse.co.uk. Go to Mexico's largest dental directory at dentistasdemexico.com and search for a dentist, all dentists are fully licensed and governed by the country of Mexico From other contributors: My wife has experienced in our opinion, the worst dentist ever and he is in Nogales, Sonora, Mexico... His name is Dr. Victor M. Silva. He put in an implant in her upper jaw and two days later she had a very bad infection. Upon Dr. Silva looking at it, he just stated that it was too small of an implant and grabbed it with his finger and just pulled it out ... He did not even offer her any antibiotics until I insisted on them... His practice is a one room office/examining room that is not sanitary and usually he is there by himself without an assistant. After removing the implant, he told her to come back in two months and he would put in another one that was longer. When my wife returned, to his office, he then told her that there was not enough bone and that she should come back in one year, At this point (4 trips later from Tucson to Nogales)we did not want to deal with him anymore and asked for our money back, he straight out refused to refund the money that we had given him as a down payment for the service. I would strongly suggest that this dentist be avoided at all if looking for a good dentist in Nogales. REMEMBER, his name is Dr. Victor M. Silva. He will take your money and give you the run around. I went to a dentist in Naco 9 years ago and please don't make the mistake I did. I was 25 at the time and had great teeth but I hadn't been to the dentist for 2 years for financial reasons. I was living in Bisbee at the time and heard dentists were cheaper in Mexico. The dentist told me I had 9 cavities-- which should have tipped me off right there-- 5 on my lower teeth and 4 up top. I only had only two tiny cavities previously, but I thought, was afraid that I had "neglected my teeth". He drilled and filled the lower teeth, one side at a time on 2 separate visits (if I remember correctly) and told me to come back for the top teeth. It was incredibly painful whereas I usually have a high pain tolerance. I think on some level my body knew it was wrong and was trying to tell me. He charged me $50 per filling. They were enormous fillings and I could see the metal shifting around my mouth, or my chemistry reacting to it or something because months later dark lines were settling around the base of my teeth. I did not return for the top teeth. About six months later, I went to a free dental clinic in the town where I now live (U.S.) thinking that i would need to get the cavities up top filled. The dentist there told me that I didn't have 4 cavities that needed to be filled, only ONE "weak spot" (which to this day has not required a filling). He said the dentist in Mexico must have been following a very old dental philosophy. Nowadays dentists fill very minimally if at all. It looked like he had carved out all the valleys, any area potentially vulnerable and filled, over what were probably "weak spots" or tiny cavities at best. I had the fillings replaced with composite a few years later just to have all the metal out of my mouth. The receptionist (U.S.) on the phone had quoted me about $60 per filling (I swear I was specific). I was surprised, but really happy it would be so affordable, so when I came out of the dental chair after the procedure and they told me I had a $3,000 bill, I nearly passed out. It's not over either. The fillings were so big that the integrity of the teeth under them has been compromised and 2 or more of my teeth have fractures in them now. Those cracks don't heal, they only eventually go all the way down to the nerve. That means I will need crowns, and maybe root canals, and maybe to have the teeth completely extracted and a bridge put on. I got the news it's time for the first crown today, because the tooth actually has two cracks and has started causing some pain. $1,150. I am not the kind of person that has awful things like this happen a lot. I have just been had this very unfortunate experience with dentistry, and it's not over yet, and it's very expensive. I think there surely must be many reputable dentists in Mexico, and occasions when getting a procedure done there is more affordable. But please be careful and trust your gut. I was nearly shaking when I drove to those appointments in Naco, but my foolish reasoning mind did not listen to my body. I had great teeth. HOW DO YOU FIND A GOOD DDS IN MEXICO? GOOD QUESTION - I KNOW THAT THERE ARE MANY, HOWEVER THE ONE I FOUND BEWARE!!!! IT WAS WASHINGTON DENTAL CLINIC. BEFORE ANY TREATMENT YOU TALK TO A CLOSER {YOU KNOW LIKE BUYING A USED CAR} YOU NEED TO PAY BEFORE ANY TREATMENT. THE TREATMENT I RECEIVED WAS FROM THE STONE AGE. THE SHOTS WERE NOT IN THE LEAST gentle - picture this I wore a hair piece and within the first five minutes it was on the floor the dentist (so called) kicked it to the side with his worn out cowboy boots. I WANTED TO STOP HIM BUT HE SUPPOSEDLY KNEW NO ENGLISH AND KEPT GOING MY TREATMENT WAS TO EXTRACT ONE FRONT TOOTH AND REPLACE IT WITH A PARTIAL I WAITED FOR THE PARTIAL FOR HOURS AND WHEN IT WAS DONE IT LOOK ABSOLUTELY HORRIBLE. I COMPLAINED AND WAS TOLD TOO BAD THAT THEY LOOKED GOOD TO THEM I HAD ALREADY PAID (WITH CREDIT CARD) WHEN I RETURNED TO STATES I PUT A STOP ON THE PAYMENT. AFTER A BIG HASSLE MY CARD RULED FOR THEM THE CHARGE WAS 2700-5000. I'M OUT THE CASH BACK IN THE STATES, I HAD TO HAVE A ROOT CANAL ON ONE OF MY TEETH THAT THEY RUINED AND A NEW PARTIAL FOR ANOTHER 3,000. YOU DO THE MATH. JUST BE REALLY CAREFUL NO CLINICS THEY ARE SO MUCH WORSE THEN CLINICS HERE!! This is in regards to the Fierro Clinic in Palomas, MX. Beware, the good Dr. Fierro has much more competition from other very good dentists in the town like Dr. Lam and others, therefore he is not backing up the work done in his clinic and not willing to "make good" on bad work. He has overextended himself by beginning to build a hotel next door to his clinic and therefore the clinic's practice is compromised! I will not go into any details because I believe that the clinic has some very good doctors, specially the specialists, and the clinic still has a chance to live up to its reputation if Dr. Fierro maintains the standards that people coming from the U.S. side expect. Dr. Carolina Borjon AKA Dr. Borjon Acevedo Carolina did a hack job on my teeth. I would never recommend anyone to ever visit her or any other practicing Dentist in Mexico. The price quoted to me over the phone was much lower than what it was at the time of payment. I went in to receive 3 crowns and I ended up with 3 large boulders in my mouth. The pain is intolerable and I am out 600$, now I have to pay another 2100$ here in California just to repair the mistakes she made. So much for a guarantee, she will not even return my phone calls. I just came back from a local dentist office and he was horrified to see the work that was done on me, he compared it to a mad doctors science experiment. PLEASE DON"T EVER VISIT ALGODONES MEXICO FOR DENTAL CARE< & JUST TO BE SAFE FOR NOT ANY TYPE OF HEALTH CARE. Please spread the word so that no one else will make the same mistake as I did, many elderly were at her office and I hope that she did not take them for a ride like she did me.
Asked in Geography, Mexico, Borders and Boundaries

What countries border Mexico?

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The country of Mexico, located on the southern tip of North America, has three international borders, one with another North American country and two with a couple of Central American nations: To the north, with the United States of America (capital: Washington, DC), sharing a common border of 3,141 Kilometers (1,952 miles) along the American states of California, Arizona, New Mexico and Texas. The US-Mexican Border also runs along the Mexican northern states of Baja California, Sonora, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon and Tamaulipas and most of it is defined by the Rio Grande River (Rio Bravo del Norte, as it is known in Mexico). To the southeast, with Belize (capital: Belmopan) along the course of the Hondo River. The Belize-Mexico Border has a length of 251 Kilometers (132 miles), delimiting the border between Mexican states of Quintana Roo and Campeche on the Yucatan Peninsula, and Belize. Finally, also to the southeast, with the country of Guatemala (capital: Guatemala City) running along the Mexican states of Quintana Roo, Campeche, Tabasco and Chiapas and the Guatemalan departments of El Peten, El Quiche, Huehuetenango and San Marcos. The Guatemala-Mexico Border has a length of 871 Kilometers (542 miles) and is defined at some stretches by the Usumacinta, Salinas and Suchiate Rivers. The United States of America.
Asked in Geography, Mexico, Landforms

What are two peninsulas found in Mexico?

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There are two important peninsulas in Mexico: The Baja California Peninsula, located on northwestern Mexico, is a long but slim peninsula stretching along 1,250 Kilometers (775 miles) from the San Diego-Tijuana border down to the seaside resort of Cabo San Lucas, and is separated from mainland Mexico by the Gulf of California (also known as Sea of Cortes). It has an arid climate (Köppen BWh: Warm, Dry) as most of the peninsula falls within the Sonoran Desert limits, but has occasional fertile valleys on which grape and citric fruits are grown, such as the Valle de Guadalupe, one of the largest wine countries in Mexico. There are two federal states along this peninsula: Baja California (capital Mexicali) and Baja California Sur (capital La Paz). The most important cities include Tijuana (1,840,710), Mexicali (1,102,342), Ensenada (522,768), Los Cabos (305,983) and La Paz (290,286). The Yucatan Peninsula, located on southeastern Mexico, is a triangular peninsula that separates the Gulf of Mexico from the Caribbean Sea. With a tropical savanna climate (Köppen Aw), it is mostly a flat land composed of limestone. Due to this nature, there are almost no surface rivers in the peninsula and most water comes from holes in the ground known as cenotes. It is a place known for being home of the ancient Mayan civilization, with beautiful remains of cities such as Chichen Itza and Tulum; however many of these ruins are covered by the thick vegetation that characterizes the region. It is also believed that the Chicxulub crater, covering almost half of the peninsula, is the site of the crater impact that killed the dinosaurs some 65 million years ago. There are three federal states on this peninsula: Campeche (capital: Campeche), Yucatan (capital Merida) and Quintana Roo (capital Chetumal). Some of the most important cities include Campeche (220,389), Merida (777,615) and Cancun (628,306). Note: all population figures were taken from the 2010 census.
Asked in Religion & Spirituality, Mexico, Mexican Culture

What religions are practiced in Mexico?

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Mexico is a secular country, having no official religion. However, it is Roman Catholic in its majority: Christmas is a national holiday and during Easter most people leave for vacations. Other Catholic religious days such as January 6 (Epiphany) or December 12 (Our Lady of Guadalupe, saint patron of Mexico) are observed by many people. Following are some estimates for religion practices in Mexico: Roman Catholic: 88% (98.6 million) Pentecostal and Neopentecostal (Protestant): 1.62% (1.8 million) Other Protestant: 2.87% (3.2 million) Jehovah's Witnesses: 1.25 % (2.2 million attendance at just one meeting in 2011) "Historical" Protestants: 0.71% (0.8 million) Seventh-day Adventists: 0.58% (0.6 million) Latter-day Saints Mormons: 0.25% (0.3 million) Jewish: 0.05% (56,000) Other religions (including Islam and Buddhism): 0.31% (0.3 million) Unspecified: 0.85% (0.9 million) Nonreligious: 3.53% (3.95 million) Note: Because of rounding, percentages may not add up to 100% (or 112 million, the population of Mexico). Muslims in Mexico: Islam religion arrived in Mexico with either Lebanese or Syrian immigrants and some other Middle Easterners like Egyptians, Iranians, and Turks. According to the 2010 census conducted by the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI) there were 3,760 Muslims in the country (that means less than 1% of total Mexico population).
Asked in Geography, California, Mexico, Bodies of Water

What body of water separates the Baja California Peninsula from mainland Mexico?

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It's not separated completely (it's a peninsula, not an island), but the main body of water separating Baja California from the rest of Mexico is the Gulf of California, an offshoot of the Pacific Ocean. Technically I suppose you could say that the Colorado River (which empties into the Gulf of California) also separates it, but the actual state border between Sonora and Baja California is only MAINLY the Colorado River (there are places where the border deviates from the river's course), and also the Colorado River is no longer really a river or even a body of water for its entire course (it dries up a few dozen miles from the mouth of the river, and for the remainder of its historical course it's either a dry gully or a negative estuary).
Asked in Mexico

What are Mexico's natural resources?

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Minerals, fishing, agriculture, forestry and biodiversity count as such. See related questions for further details.
Asked in Oral Health and Dental Care, Mexico, Dentists

What is the cost of dental implants in Mexico?

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Dental care abroad If you go abroad for dental care: -- Check with the appropriate government agency in the destination country about its national dentistry guidelines. -- Find out what recourse is available if something goes wrong. -- At the dental office, look for infection-control procedures, including instrument sterilization and use of protective gloves, mask and eyewear. -- A traveler's guide to dental care is available through the Organization for Safety and Asepsis Procedures at www.osap.org. Source: American Dental Association. Why is dental cheaper in Mexico? - lower operating costs, dentists are not required have malpractice insurance, dentists are less advanced and use less expensive technology and infection control procedures. Dental treatment performed abroad although less expensive, also carries an increased number of associated complications and risks. Cost of dental implants in Mexico Dental implants Mexico are today's best alternative to natural teeth. They can be your doorway to renewed self-confidence and peace of mind. An implant is, essentially, a sophisticated titanium screw which is placed into the jaw bone to replace the root of a lost natural tooth. The implant fuses with the jawline to form a secure foundation for tooth replacement. The end result... replacement teeth that look, feel and function just like natural teeth. The embarrassment , irritation and self-consciousness often experienced by people who have missing teeth, those who wear dentures or who have suffered through older methods of tooth replacement are overcome with the confidence of permanently anchored dental implants. Dental implants are now recognized as routine treatment for a full range of problems from replacing a single tooth, to full oral rehabilitation, or simply for reliable denture retention. The fees that I see are only $100-$300 more in McAllen, Brownsville, or Harlingen for an oral surgeon to place the implant. The cost of the crown or denture on top of it is only slightly higher, too. What you must realize is the post-op care and guarantee that goes along with the cheaper price. What if you get a bleeding problem after the surgery? What if your are left permanently numb in your chin after the surgery? What if you get a serious, life-threatening infection in your neck and chest after the implant is placed? What if the implant fails after 2 or 3 months? Would you rather have a US trained dentist, or Mexico trained? What if you get Hepatitis, TB, or AIDS from the procedure? I am a retired dental assistant from south Texas and I have seen it all. Be Careful! Dental care abroad If you go abroad for dental care: -- Check with the appropriate government agency in the destination country about its national dentistry guidelines. -- Find out what recourse is available if something goes wrong. -- At the dental office, look for infection-control procedures, including instrument sterilization and use of protective gloves, mask and eyewear. Source: American Dental Association. Why is dental cheaper in Mexico? - lower operating costs, dentists are not required have malpractice insurance, dentists are less advanced and use less expensive technology and infection control procedures. Dental treatment performed abroad although less expensive, also carries an increased number of associated complications and risks. Travel, Dental Care and Dental Tourism There is a growing phenomena called "Dental Tourism" in which people travel to a destination that offers less expensive dental care. The decision to visit another country for dental care should go beyond simply comparing prices or even evaluating the dentists' expertise. Countries differ in their standards for infection control and safety. The use of fresh gloves, sterile instruments and safe water are not standard practice in all countries. Without these precautions, patients could be infected with diseases such as hepatitis B. Before considering such trips, it is important to be prepared by using information such as that contained in OSAP's Traveler's Guide. What can anxious patients can do to prepare themselves for dental treatment? If one has had a negative dental experience in the past, especially in the distant past, be aware much has changed in the dentistry in a short time. The dentists are using more modern equipment, better materials and up to date methods to insure better comfort. Inform them of your fears. Don't expect them to know your fears by mental telepathy. Most dentists try to be kind, caring and gentle, but I assure you they will try even harder if they are aware of your fears. Patients should never self medicate prior to dental treatment without informing their dentist. It could pose a danger if the dentist administers anesthesia or other medications. Think positively! Once a patient convinces themselves that treatments is necessary, and the dental problem will only worsen if gone untreated and may required more difficult procedures whish could cost more. The patients must remember that the dentist is their partner in achieving good oral health. Never consider your dentist an adversary, but rather a friend. Visiting the dentist could care your finances. The people that have an extensive treatment plan are usually the ones that haven't visited a dentist in years. For some one that needs more difficult procedures visited their dentist for regular check ups and cleanings, could care their finances, most dental problems can be quite inexpensive if diagnosed early. What's a cavity and how to prevent them A cavity develops when a tooth decays or break down. A cavity is a hole that can grow bigger and deeper over time. Cavities are also called dental caries, and if you have a cavity. Its important to be repaired. If you don't go to the dentist the acids can continue to make they way through the enamel, and the inside parts of your tooth can begin to decay. Though cavities can be repaired, try to avoid them by taking care of your teeth, here's how: Brush your teeth with fluoride toothpaste after each time you eat or at least twice a day. Bedtime is an important time to brush Brush up and down in a circular motion Gently brush your gums as well to keep them healthy Floss your teeth once a day fore more plaque and food that's stuck between your teeth. Limit sweets and sugary drinks like a soda
Asked in History of the United States, War and Military History, Mexico, Mexican-American War

What lands did the US acquire from Mexico after the Mexican War?

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The whole states of California, Nevada, Utah and Texas, as well as parts of Arizona, New Mexico, Wyoming, Colorado, Oklahoma and Kansas. The original US-Mexico border was defined by the Sabine River north from the Gulf of Mexico to the 32nd parallel north (32°N), then due north to the Red River, west along the Red River to the 100th meridian west (100°W), due north to the Arkansas River, west to its headwaters, north to the 42nd parallel north (42°N), and finally west along that parallel to the Pacific Ocean. Texas was lost during the Texas Revolution (1835-1836). Territory of Texas at the time included present-day Texas, as well as those parts of Oklahoma, Kansas, Colorado and Wyoming described above. During the Mexican-American War (1846-1848) Mexico lost all the remaining territories, including present-day California, Nevada, Utah and the rest of Colorado as well as most of northern New Mexico and Arizona. Also at the end of the war Mexico was forced to cease any attempt on reclaiming Texas. This is also known as the Mexican Cession (1848). During the Gadsden Purchase (1853), Mexico sold parts of southern Arizona and New Mexico to the United States. This was the only peaceful purchase of land made from Mexico.
Asked in Mexico, Importing and Exporting

What are Mexico's exports?

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Mexico is the tenth largest economy in the world, with a Gross Domestic Product of US$1.85 trillion (2013). It is also the eleventh in terms of population with more than 120 million people for 2013, thus allowing Mexican exports to be not only raw materials such as oil or silver, but also manufactured goods and even high-technology products, including assembled aircraft, pharmaceuticals, communications equipment, and computer and office machinery. Mexico is also one of the countries with most trade agreements in the world, having 12 free trade agreements with over 40 countries including North and Central America, the European Free Trade Area and Japan, putting more than 90% of its trade under free trade agreements. Following are some statistics related to Mexican balance of trade: Exports: USD 370.9 billion (world's rank: 16th). Major exports: Manufactured goods, electronics, oil and oil products, aircraft, silver, computers and servers, fruits, meats, consumer electronics, processed foods, vegetables, ships, coffee, LCD screens, electricity, biotechnology, cotton, rolling stock, automotive and aircraft engines, cellular phones, metals, industrial equipment, granite and marble, lithium batteries. Top export partners: United States (78.2%), Spain (2.8%), Canada (2.7%), China (1.7%), Germany (1.5%), Colombia (1.3%), Brazil (1.0%), Netherlands (0.8%), Chile (0.6%), Japan (0.5%).
Asked in Mexico, Mexican Food

What kinds of food are found and eaten in Mexico?

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Due to globalization, cuisine from many countries can be found in larger cities of Mexico, including Chinese, Japanese, French and especially Italian food. The popularity of pizza and sushi have increased greatly during the past few years. American fast food chains like KFC, McDonald's and Burger King have also gained in popularity. However, Mexico is a country with a rather large cuisine history: each state and region within Mexico has a traditional food for which huge encyclopedias can be found. In fact, traditional Mexican cuisine has been declared an intangible cultural heritage of humanity by UNESCO since 2010; a recognition not even French cuisine has ever achieved. Following are some examples from each region or state within Mexico: Nuevo Leon: Large-sized corn tortillas called sobaqueras (more than 25 inches in diameter) to eat beef meat, such as the arrachera. Also, much of the Tex-Mex food originated from Nuevo Leon, such as fajitas and burritos. Tamaulipas: Northern coastal state home of the carne a la tampiqueña: large grilled meat steaks accompanied by a portion of guacamole, black beans and rice. Puebla: Origin of mole poblano, which can be defined as a very thick, homogeneous sauce with complex flavors; it usually includes several varieties of chili peppers, tomatoes, almonds, nuts, raisins, sesame seeds, cloves, cinnamon, parsley, pepper, onion and garlic. The most common way to consume mole is with chicken, though any kind of meat may be served with mole sauce. Another preparation, common in restaurants, is enchiladas, or corn tortillas wrapped around chicken, cheese or some other simple filling, baked in mole sauce. Yucatan: Where the cochinita pibil was invented. A preparation of traditional cochinita involves marinating pork meat in strongly acidic citrus juice, coloring it with annatto seed, and roasting the meat while it is wrapped in a banana leaf. Another dish from this region is the sopa de lima, which is a chicken soup with a hint of citrus from lime, accompanied with chicken, tomato, bell pepper, cilantro, and some tortilla chips. South-Central Mexico: It is the region where pozole (from Nahuatl pozolli) was first created by the Aztec people. When Spain conquered Mexico, some ingredients like the meat changed, but it has kept most of the original recipe: a beef, pork or chicken soup with corn, avocado and some spices. Also tacos de guisado (corn or wheat tortillas wrapped around a meat stew) are from this region. It is worth noting tacos served on food chains outside of Mexico have nothing to do with the original dish. The torta or Mexican sandwich is a kind of baguette known as bolillo, which has several fillings, including ham, chicken, sausages, avocado, tomato slices, mayonnaise, onion and cheese. Jalisco: The regional dish most known for this state is the birria, which is a meat stew, made of mutton, goat or lamb, and it is often served with corn tortillas, onion, cilantro and lime. However, the most popular dish is the torta ahogada, made with a crispy bolillo known as birote, filled with chopped, fried pork; it is then submerged in a sauce made of chili pepper and/or tomato. There are also many garnish or entree foods from Mexico, including guacamole, nopal salad and hot sauces like pico de gallo (tomato, onion, cilantro), green sauce (made from green tomato) and red sauce (made from chile pepper). Also, there are very unusual foods, even for Mexicans: huitlacoche (corn smut) is a delicacy in Mexico, and is even being preserved and sold for a higher price than corn; escamoles, which are ant larvae, are eaten with corn tortillas. Chapulines (grasshoppers), are toasted, salted and eaten as a snack on some coastal states like Oaxaca. Regarding desserts, Mexico has a huge variety of them: cacao has been cultivated in Mexico for at least three millennia. When mixed with sugar, chocolate (Aztec: xocolatl, Maya: chocolha) is elaborated. Crystallized fruit is also common, and many traditional Mexican candies such as cocadas (made of milk and coconut), mueganos (popcorn with caramelized sugar) and alegrias (candies made of amaranth seed and bee honey) are popular.
Asked in History of the United States, War and Military History, Mexico

Why did Texas want its independence?

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Texians wanted to keep Texas as a slave state. First on the background of the war: When Mexico won its independence from Spain in 1821, all the territories it possessed included Mexico, most of Central America (Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica) as well as today's US States of California, Nevada, Utah, Texas, Arizona, New Mexico and parts of Colorado, Oklahoma, Kansas and Wyoming. Due to the extremely low population for such territorial extension (estimated at 12 million during 1824), Mexico relaxed its immigration policies, thus allowing American settlers to help populate the northern territories. The conditions to settle were simple: 1) to pledge allegiance to Mexico and 2) observe the Mexican Law and customs. In 1830, these laws incorporated the banning of slavery. Due to the fact that many American settlers in such territories were slave owners, they looked for any pretext to break up with Mexico. Later, Mexican President Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna took measures to transform Mexico from a Federal Republic to a Centralist Republic. This move prompted Yucatan and Texas to secede from Mexico. Santa Anna's government invaded both republics; while Yucatan was regained, Texas was lost. The Texas Revolution ended after the Battle of San Jacinto, but Mexico did not officially recognize the independence of Texas until after the Mexican-American War (1846-1848) as part of the Guadalupe-Hidalgo treaty.
Asked in Economics, Mexico

What is Mexico's economy?

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Mexico is the eleventh largest economy in the world, with a Gross Domestic Product of $2.41 trillion (2017). It is also considered an emerging market, with a GDP per capita of $19,500 (2017), on par to medium-income economies such as Iran ($20,000) or Lebanon ($19,500). Its GDP composition includes 64% towards services, 31.6% to industry and only 3.9% to agriculture. Unlike other emerging markets, whose economies run on commodities, Mexico has a diversified, manufacturing and export-oriented economy, being an active rival of China for access to the North American, Eastern Asian and European markets. Its exports accounted for $407 billion, and its imports for $417 billion during 2016, setting Mexico as the 12th/13th largest exporter/importer in the world, respectively. The largest Mexican exports include crude machinery and equipment (37%), and motor vehicles and parts (25%), while the largest imports also include machinery and machine parts (39%), as well as motor vehicles and parts (10%). Some of the largest challenges to Mexico's economic potential include market inefficiencies, corruption and security issues; especially those found in Mexico's southern region which still lags in terms of economic advancement and governance. For example, the state of Oaxaca has the health, education and income of the Sub-Saharan country of Botswana, while Mexico City, capital of the country, has the quality of life of Quebec in Canada, or Aragon in Spain (GDP Per capita: $34,223).
Asked in Agriculture, Mexico

What are Mexico's top agricultural products?

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Mexico is widely believed to be an arid country, but this is not the case. It has a vast territory, where almost 12% is used for agriculture: 232,761 square kilometers (89,869 sq mi), which are almost the size of the whole United Kingdom, are used to grow food and cash crops. Then another 16% of Mexico's territory (315,608 square Km/121,857 square miles, or an area the same size of Poland or New Mexico) is considered as man-made or natural pastures, where cattle of several species is raised, including bovine, caprine, porcine and poultry. Main crops include corn (ranked 4th worldwide), sorghum (4th), and beans (5th). Most cereal crops are for internal consumption, but demand is so extensive that corn and wheat are imported from the United States. Mexico is also a major producer and exporter of fruits, vegetables and other agricultural products, being among the top 10 producers of avocado, cacao, coffee, lemon, mango, orange, tomato, sugarcane, honey and banana. Most fruit grown in Mexico is exported to the United States, Europe and Japan markets during the winter season. Following are the most important agricultural products from Mexico, along its rank worldwide. Cereals corn (4th largest producer) wheat (18th) soybeans (7th) rice (52nd) Legumes and vegetables beans (5th) tomatoes (10th) Cash Crops cotton (13th) coffee (8th) Fruits coconut oil (5th) apples (13th) avocados (1st) grapefruit (3rd) lemon (1st) limes (1st) oranges (5th) peaches & nectarines (6th) pears (11th) strawberries (6th) grapes (10th) Beef, poultry and dairy products beef (8th) poultry (5th) butter (6th) cheese (8th) milk powder (6th) milk fluid (8th)
Asked in Holidays and Traditions, Languages and Cultures, Mexico

What are important holidays in Mexico?

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Mexican holidays include: Observed by law: January 1: Año nuevo / New year's day February 5: Dia de la constitucion / Constitution Day March 21: Nacimiento de Benito Juarez / Benito Juarez's birthday - honors the most beloved president among Mexicans. May 1: Dia del Trabajo / Workers' day September 16: Independence day's military parade (Mexican Independence was declared on September 16, 1810 and the celebration usually begins on the late hours of September 15 at the Grito de independencia). November 20: Dia de la Revolucion / Mexican Revolution Day - commemorates the Mexican Revolution of 1910. December 25: Navidad / Christmas Not observed / Religious holidays: Note: Many companies and businesses grant these as paid-absence holidays, but it depends on an individual basis. January 6: Dia de los Santos Reyes / Epiphany celebration - is the day when Mexicans exchange Christmas presents. February: Carnaval / Lent - equivalent to the Mardi Gras in the United States, it is celebrated with parades, floats and dancing in the streets. February 2: Dia de la Candelaria / Candle-mas February 24: Dia de la bandera / Flag Day March 18: Expropiacion Petrolera / Expropriation of the oil industry in 1938. April: Semana Santa / Easter April 30: Dia del Niño / Children's day - Due to the celebration of the Revolution on November 20, in Mexico Children's Day is celebrated on April 30. May 5: Cinco de Mayo / Fifth of May - honors the Mexican victory over the French army at the Battle of Puebla in 1862. May 10: Dia de las madres / Mother's day - Due to the importance of the mother in Mexican culture, Mother's Day is an especially significant holiday. June 1: Dia de la marina / Navy day September 13: Niños Heroes de Chapultepec / Child Heroes of Chapultepec - Honors the martyr cadets of the Battle of Chapultepec during the Mexican-American War of 1847. October 12: Dia de la raza / Columbus Day November 1 & 2: Dia de los muertos / Day of the dead - Mexican holiday that merges Pre-Columbian beliefs and modern Catholicism. December 12: Dia de Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe / Day of the Virgin of Guadalupe - honoring Mexico's patron saint.
Asked in Mexico, Population

What is the population of Mexico?

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Current population for Mexico is 130,745,337 (mid-2017 est.), ranking 10th worldwide. Following are the figures of population for Mexico, according to past census and estimates 1950-2050: 1950: 25,791,017 (1950 Census) 1955: 32,930,000 1960: 34,923,129 (1960 Census) 1965: 45,142,000 1970: 48,225,238 (1970 Census) 1975: 60,678,000 1980: 68,347,000 1985: 76,767,000 1990: 81,249,645 (1990 Census) 1995: 91,158,290 (1995 Census) 2000: 97,483,412 (2000 Census) 2005: 103,263,388 (2005 Census) 2010: 112,336,538 (2010 Census) 2015: 124,612,397 2017: 130,745,337 2020: 132,707,645 2025: 140,521,426 2030: 147,844,027 2035: 155,825,793 2040: 160,595,059 2045: 165,927,621 2050: 170,546,390 2055: 174,421,346 Future population estimates (2020+) is taken from the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (CEPAL) 8679333
Asked in Mexico, Bodies of Water, Oceans and Seas

What bodies of water border Mexico?

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Mexico has 11,122 kilometers (6,911 miles) of coastline, facing the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans (via the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea): On its western coasts, Mexico is bordered by the Pacific Ocean. Along its northwestern coast is the Gulf of California or Mar de Cortes, which is defined by mainland Mexico and the Baja California peninsula. On its eastern shores, Mexico faces the Gulf of Mexico between the US-Mexico border and the northeastern tip of the Yucatan Peninsula, close to the city of Cancun. Between Cancun and the Mexico-Belize border, the Yucatan Peninsula has coasts in the Caribbean Sea.
Asked in Mexico, Manufacturing, Industries and Professions

What are Mexico's largest industries and the products they manufacture?

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In terms of importance, Mexican industries include: Construction: 22.4% Mining: 19.8% Food and Beverages: 15.0% Chemical products including oil, coal, plastics and non-minerals: 11.6% Transport Equipment (aerospace, motor vehicles): 9.4% Utilities (electricity, gas and water): 5.3% Metallic products (iron, steel): 4.7% Machinery and equipment: 2.1% Computer Equipment: 2.0% Clothing and Textiles: 1.9% Electric engines and equipment: 1.5% Other manufacturing industries: 1.3% Paper: 1.1% Furniture: 0.6% Wood and timber (non-forestry): 0.5% Leather products: 0.4% Printing and related industries: 0.4% All these activities add up to 34.1% of Mexico's Gross Domestic Product - the percentage dedicated to industrial activities - or US$759.4 billion out of a total GDP of US$2,227 billion for 2015 (PPP). Among the many types of industry and the products they manufacture, Mexico includes the following, with some representative companies: Food and Beverages - Grupo Bimbo, Sigma Alimentos, Coca-Cola FEMSA. Construction - Cemex, Empresas ICA, CICSA Aerospace - Bombardier Aerospace Mexico, Honeywell Aerospace. Electronics - LG Electronics Mexico, Flextronics Manufacturing, GE Mexico. Tobacco - British American Tobacco Mexico, Philip Morris de Mexico. Chemicals - Pemex Gas y Petroquimica Basica, Cemex, Alpek. Iron and Steel - Altos Hornos de Mexico, Grupo Acerero del Norte. Petroleum - Petroleos Mexicanos. Biotechnology - Bayer de Mexico, Genomma Lab Internacional. Mining - Grupo Mexico, Hylsamex, Industrias Peñoles. Shipbuilding - Bender Shipbuilding, Servicios Navales e Industriales. Electricity - Comision Federal de Electricidad. Defense Products - Navistar International, Textron, Airbus Helicopters. Textiles - Grupo Kaltex, Grupo Industrial Cierres Ideal, Almidones Mexicanos. Clothing - Controladora Milano, Nike de Mexico, Yale de Mexico. Motor vehicles and parts - General Motors de Mexico, Chrysler de Mexico. Computers - HP de Mexico, Inditex Mexico, Toshiba Mexico. Consumer Durables - Industrias Marino, Grupo Mabe. Note: some of these industries are subsidiaries of foreign companies (for example, Hewlett-Packard Mexico) but these assemble or manufacture products for such brands in Mexican soil. These are commonly known as maquiladoras.
Asked in Business & Finance, Mexico

What challenges is Mexico facing today?

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Some of them would be: Competitiveness: Even if Mexico has addressed competitiveness issues by improving its labor and fiscal laws, it still faces huge challenges when competing against the BRIC bloc (Brazil, Russia, India, China) for economic opportunities, markets and foreign investment from developed countries. As an example, in terms of competitiveness (2013), Mexico is ranked in the 53rd spot, out of 144 countries. For comparison purposes, it is better ranked than India and Rusia (59th and 67th positions, respectively) but worse qualified than China and Brazil (ranked 29th and 48th, respectively). Security: The ever-scaling violence between drug cartels and police forces, as part of the "Mexican War on Drugs" (2006 - present-day). This conflict has put a severe strain in Mexico's resources, as demands for security have to be counterbalanced against other priority issues, like poverty or education. To date, there have been more than 120,000 dead since the conflict begun. Education: Lack of education for most of the population, as only one in every 10 Mexicans completes college education. It is widely known in Mexico that the education minister does not work on improving the education of Mexican children, but to deal with the day-to-day issues of the Teachers Union, which is one of the most corrupt in the country. Nowadays, in terms of reading, mathematics and writing, Mexican students qualify as second-to-last against all OCDE countries (it is just barely ahead of Turkey) Economy: World economic bust compounded with high dependence on the United States as receiver of Mexican exports. Although during recent years Mexico's economy has had a decent growth (3.9% in 2012), any downturn on the US economy would severely impact Mexico's potential growth. For 2014, Mexico is expected to grow only 1.5-2.0% Inequality: Mexico is a country of huge contrasts, where you can find neighborhoods with quality of life rivaling those of Western Europe, located side-by-side to decaying slums that look like Haiti or India. While Mexico's standard of living is comparable to that of Lebanon or Iran (US$19,500 per capita), the richest neighborhoods, such as the Benito Juarez borough in Mexico City, have the same health, income and education of Germany (US$40,000 per capita, or US$160,000 per household). On the other hand, the poorest areas in southern Mexico have the same quality of life as Yemen or Afghanistan (US$2,000 or less). Poverty: Although Mexico is a world leader in hunger reduction, there is still a 5% of children under 5 suffering with malnutrition; according to the United Nations Development Programme, 17.6% of Mexicans (19.7 million for 2009) are below the poverty line. Using the asset-based definition of poverty, this number is much higher with 47-52% of the population below the poverty line. Peak Oil: Current Mexican oil reserves are dwindling, with 7 years left to be completely gone. Recent energy reforms (2013) have been implemented to allow foreign investment into the gas and oil sector, including drilling in deep waters along the Gulf of Mexico, but results of such reform - lower prices, higher competitiveness and production - will not be seen for at least another 5 years Corruption: Rampant corruption among public officers. Also, due to the war on drugs, there are high levels of corruption among police and armed forces, specially when dealing against drug cartels. This process has been known as "plata o plomo" (silver or lead) meaning the drug cartels threaten security officials to either accept bribes or be killed by the cartels' operatives Environment: climate change and environmental degradation are a global issue, but Mexico is being hard hit, including more than 300 threatened species and several more already extinct, mostly due to habitat loss. Deforestation, erosion and desertification are also a present danger. Finally, pollution of soil and water sources are considered "contained", but nonetheless are a persistent issue.