What is the degree of difference between each line of latitude and longitude?
Firstly, different maps or atlases draw lines of latitude and longitude in varying degrees apart. Although most maps have differences of 10 degrees apart, atlases can be as close as 1 or 2 degrees.
Secondly, you might be referring to the major lines of latitude and longitude, such as the Equator and the Prime Meridian. Some maps that are very small only show the major lines of latitude and longitude. The difference between the equator and the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn is 23.5 degrees, while the difference between the equator and the Arctic and Antarctic Circles is 66.5 degrees. The difference between the Prime Meridian and the International Date Line is 180 degrees.
The difference between latitude and longitude is that latitude refers to a location point's distance that is either north or south of the equator and longitude refers to a specific point's distance that is either east or west of the prime meridian. The prime meridian is the longitude line that has zero degree and passes near London, United Kingdom.
If you meant the degree difference, it is a 30 degree latitude difference between 30 degrees north latitude and 0 degrees longitude. If you meant the difference in features: 0 degrees latitude is longer than 30 degrees north latitude. 30 degrees north latitude is located in the northern hemisphere while 0 degrees latitude is located in the middle of the northern and southern hemispheres.
There can be any number of degrees difference, depending on how you divide it. There can be a one degree, one minute or even a one second difference between each line of latitude and longitude. However, if you mean those lines printed on maps and globes, they are usually in differences of 10 degrees for both latitude and longitude. There can be lines up to one or two degrees difference in atlases.
Why is the distance between each degree of latitude greater than the distance between each degree of longitude?
At the equator, a degree of longitude is the same distance as a degree of latitude. One minute of latitude is equal to one nautical mile, so one degree equals 60 nautical mile. As you go north or south, the lines of longitude converge, coming together at the poles. So the distance (in nautical miles) of one degree of longitude is equal to 60 times the cosine of the latitude.
The lines of longitude radiate out from the poles. At their point of origin, i.e. at 90o latitude, there is no distance at all between the lines! However, at latitude 89o, very near the poles, the distance between the respective 'one degree' lines of longitude is about one nautical mile. At latitude 48.37o the distance along the line of latitude is 40 nautical miles And a 1o longitude difference along the equator (0o latitude) represents…
The distance between any two lines of longitude varies with the latitude. One decimal degree of longitude at the equator is approximately 111 km (69 miles). A degree of longitude at 45 degrees latitude is ~79km (49 miles) and ~2k (1.2 miles) at 89 degrees latitude. The distance between bands of longitude gets narrower as you get closer to the poles and at the North or South pole all points of longitude converge so the…
No. Lines of longitude come together at the poles. At the equator, a degree of longitude is equal to a degree of latitude. As you go north or south from the equator, the longitude lines converge, and the distance between them is equal to the cosine of the latitude. At the poles, all the longitude lines converge.
Lateral direction runs from east to west and longitudinal direction runs from north to south. Latitude lines are parallel and equidistant from each other. The distance between latitude lines is approximately 69 miles. The equator is at 0 degree latitude. Longitude lines are known as meridians and converge at the poles. Longitude lines are widest at the equator.
Degrees of longitude are uniform in length. 1 degree (Longitude) = 69.69 miles*Cos(Ө)(latitude) however the length of a degree of latitude depends on were you are on the planet. A degree of latitude at the equator is notable longer than, for example, a degree of latitude at the latitude of Toronto, Canada.
Parallels of latitude are the same distance apart everywhere (that's why they're called "parallels") ... about 69 miles for a 1 degree change of latitude. Meridians of longitude are not the same distance apart everywhere. 1 degree of longitude along the equator is about 69 miles. As you go north or south from the equator, the distance between meridians of longitude decreases as the cosine of the latitude, and all longitudes come together in a…
The Earth is not a perfect sphere, and the WGS84 system that we use for degree confluences includes a mathematical model (GRS80) of the Earth as an ellipsoid. Using established GRS80 constants, and the Vincenty Algorithm (PDF document), the distance between degrees of latitude (lines that run east-west) varies from 110.57km (68.71mi) at the equator (0 degrees latitude) to 111.69km (69.40mi) between 89 degrees latitude and the poles. For the purposes of the project, we…