What is the difference between geology and geography?
Correction: Geology is the study of the origin, history, and
structure of the earth. The study of minerals is mineralogy. The
study of rocks is petrology. Mineralogy and petrology are
sub-disciplines of geology.
One of the founders of geology thought the new science should be
called "natural geography."
This makes for an interesting comparison. Geology is to
geography what natural history is to history.
Geography deals with national borders and the lines that humans
have made on the earth. Geology deals with the natural structure of
the earth and the formation of it's rocks and minerals.