Asked in Organic ChemistryThe Difference BetweenInorganic Chemistry
What is the difference between organic and inorganic compounds?
April 19, 2016 2:08AM
Organic compounds are made from things which were once alive and, therefore, they contain carbon. Inorganic compounds, however, do not contain carbon.
- Carbon is an essential element in all organic compounds while inorganic compounds may or may not contain carbon.
- Organic compounds do not dissolve in water but dissolve in organic solvents. Most Inorganic compounds dissolve in water but not in organic solvents.
- Organic compounds have low melting and boiling points. Inorganic compounds have high melting and boiling points.
- Organic compounds form covalent bonds while inorganic compounds form ionic/electrovalent bonds.
- Organic compounds have color and odor while inorganic compounds are usually colourless and odorless.
- Organic compounds e.g. methane, ethane, acetylene, alcohols etc. Inorganic compounds e.g. carbon dioxide, sulphuric acid, salts etc.
Organic compounds are produced by living things. Inorganic compounds are produced by non-living natural processes or by human intervention in the laboratory.
The presence of carbon determines if a compound is organic or not. All organic compounds have carbon in them.