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the start relay helps the compressor start up then takes itself out of play when the compressor gets going. The older units will have a capacitor and a relay mounted in the control panel and the new ones are all in one...you just parallel the run capacitor.

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βˆ™ 2011-09-14 10:05:10
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Q: What is the function of Compressor Start relay?
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Should a motor with a start capacitor have a start relay?

The compressor motor employs both a start and run winding. The run winding is energized during the complete cycle of operation, whereas the start winding is energized only during the starting period. The current-operated type of relay has a coil connected in series with the run winding of the compressor. Some current-operated relays plug directly onto the compressor while others do not. Most relays are mounted in a case located on the compressor. When the thermostat closes, the compressor attempts to start, drawing heavy current through the run winding and the relay coil. This strong current flow through the relay coil creates a magnetic field strong enough to cause the start contacts to lift and close, energizing the start winding. When the compressor reaches approximately 3/4 running speed, the current flow through the relay coil decreases (due to the countering electrical magnetic field in the motor) and as the magnet weakens, the start contacts fall open. This type of relay must be used with an overload protector and must be mounted in an upright position, so that the contacts can fall freely to the "open" position.

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