What is the funtion of the Endoplasmic Reticulum?
rough types synthesize proteins while smooth types synthesize lipids and steroids.
Endoplasmic reticulum is like a transport and manufacturing pipeline, for many biochemical compounds. Endoplasmic reticulum function is dependent on its type. There are three types of endoplasmic reticulum, which are: Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum (RER) Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum (SER) Sarcoplasmic Reticulum (SR)
There are two kinds of Endoplasmic Reticulum: Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum (Rough ER): The surface of rough endoplasmic reticulum is covered with spherical organelles called ribosomes. Rough endoplasmic reticulum is involved with protein synthesis. Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum (Smooth ER): This type of endoplasmic reticulum is involved with lipid synthesis and detoxification of toxic matters.
The endoplasmic reticulum is not uniform throughout the cell. In places the membranes of the endoplasmic reticulum are joined to the outer membrane. The endoplasmic reticulum can either be smooth or rough. In rough endoplasmic reticulum the outer surface of the membranes are lined with ribosomes, in smooth endoplasmic reticulum, there are no ribosomes.
it helps in metabolism of different types of of molecules particularly lipids also helps to detoxify the harmful drugs in some cells it is responsible for transmission of impulses,e.g muscle cells and never cells it plays its role in the transport of materials from one place to another but it is the general function of Endoplasmic Reticulum which means both rough and smooth endoplasmic reticulum can perform this.