What is the gram reaction of Human papellomavirus?
The Gram reaction is used to classify bacteria into two broad categories, Gram positive and Gram negative. The Gram stain characteristics of a bacterium depends on its cell wall components and thickness. The viruses do not have any cell walls or other equivalent. The viruses are too small to be seen by light microscopy, only exception is the Pox virus. So the Gram stain is not appropriate for virus identification. However, if one is able to see papilloma virus through light microscope, these may appear Gram negative. Because the crystal violet dye would be removed by decolorizer, and the counterstain (safranin or carbol fuchsin) would show its color.
What is the importance of establishing gram staining reaction and morphology in the identification of the bacterial isolate?
the Gram reaction is based on the structure of the bacterial cell wall. In Gram-positive bacteria, the dark purple crystal violet stain is retained by the thick layer of peptidoglycan which forms the outer layer of the cell. In Gram-negative bacteria, the thin peptidoglycan layer in the periplasm does not retain the dark stain, and the pink safranin counter stain stains the peptidoglycan layer. In other word,the gram reaction refers to how the cells reacts…
Human cells have no cell walls, only a plasma membrane, and as a result lack the peptidoglycan layer that gram stains utilize to differentiate between gram negative and gram positive species of bacteria. Therefore, human cells are unable to retain the crystal violet introduced in the first step of the gram stain, and stain negative. (they appear pinkish like gram-negative bacteria)
If the Gram Stain is completed properly, gram positive should stain purple; however, if you over decolorize a gram positive organism, the organism will appear appear pink, which is a gram negative reaction. To summarize, if you over decolorize a gram positive organism it will show as a gram negative organism.