What is the history of the pentagram?

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In History
The Pentagram Related Articles: � A New Order of Ages � The secret language of symbols Related Resources � Pentacle Gallery � Satanism � Esoteric Kabbalah � Rosicrucianism Glossaries � Symbol Glossary � Alternative Religions Glossary � Glossary of Magick and the Occult The pentagram is one of the most potent, powerful, and persistent symbols in human history. It has been important to almost every ancient culture, from the Mayans of Latin America, to India, China, and Egypt. It has been found scratched on the walls of Neolithic caves, and in Babylonian drawings, where it marks the pattern the planet Venus makes on its travels- a secret symbol of the Goddess Ishtar. Scriptures, especially Hebrew, are abundant with references to pentagrams. So, why does the pentagram have such a sinister reputation? The Pentagram in the Ancient World The earliest pentagrams are found scratched into stone age caves. While they are believed to have some spiritual significance, the meaning of the star to early humans is a mystery. In the civilizations that followed, it held various meanings- usually astronomical and religious. It served to mark directions in Sumerian texts, and represented the five visible planets. According to the Greek mathematician and philosopher Pythagoras, five was the number of man, because of the fivefold division of the body, and the ancient Greek division of the soul. According to Pythagoras, the five points of the pentagram each represent one of the five elements that make up man: fire, water, air, earth, and psyche. (energy, fluid, breath, matter, and mind; liquid, gas, solid, plasma and aethyr) The Pythagoreans held the pentacle sacred to Hygeia, the Goddess of healing. This particular symbolism has persisted for centuries, and has greatly influenced theologies of diverse traditions. Early Christians wore it as an emblem, possibly to represent the wounds of Christ. Later, the pentacle was important to many doctrines of esoteric Medieval and Renaissance belief systems- alchemy, kabbalah, and Ceremonial magic. The Pentacle and Magic Ritual magicians, like the Greeks, used the Pentagram as a microcosm of the human body. The practice of Ritual Magic was used to create a state of closeness with god through the use of symbols and rituals to imitate the divine state. It was believed that like affects like, that the connection between the world of symbols and the world of actions could also be manipulated for evil purposes. One of these magicians, Giordano Bruno, warned of such misuse of the powerful pentacle by Black magicians. (The pentagram is still central to the practice of ritual magic, and is used in the foundation of many of its rituals.) In the Jewish kabbalistic tradition, which borrows many Pythagorean ideas, the pentagram represents the five upper sephiroth on the Tree of Life- five numbers, being indivisible by any but themselves, which represent pure archetypal forces: justice, mercy, wisdom, understanding, and transcendent splendor. The Christian Pentagram? Christian Kabbalists who attempted to use Jewish mysticism to prove the divinity of Christ were especially enamored of the pentagram- to them, it symbolized Christ as the Holy Spirit manifest in the flesh. A favorite gematric feat was to add the Hebrew letter Shin (symbolizing fire and the holy spirit of Pentecost) to the Biblical four letter name of God (YHVH, most commonly pronounced 'Jehovah') yielding YHShVH- Y'heshua, or Jesus. (There is a secret biblical connection, as well, in the name of the Christian holiday of Pentecost- the day the Holy Spirit descended on the apostles of Jesus is one of many geometrical 'proofs' in the New Testament disguised as stories) There are many connections between the pentagram and Christianity. Before the cross, it was a preferred emblem to adorn the jewelry and amulets of early Christians (followed by an 'x' or a phoenix). It was associated with the five wounds of Christ, and because it could be drawn in one continuous movement of the pen, the Alpha and the Omega as one. It was also an expression of a secret Gnostic heresy, found hidden here and there throughout Christian history- a symbol of Isis/Venus as the secret goddess, the female principal. The most notable instance of this symbolism is in the Arthurian Grail romances, which are Gnostic and kabbalistic teachings disguised as tales of knightly quests. The small, five petaled flowers found in many Gothic cathedral ornamentation are not-so-secret pentagrams: The Pentacle in Wicca and other Neopagan Traditions Currently, the most common religious uses of the pentagram are by Wiccan, Neopagan, and Satanic groups. In most Wiccan and Neopagan traditions, its symbolic meaning is derived from Medieval Ceremonial magick: the four elements ruled by the spirit- although as these theologies mature, they have added to its meaning. In many of these traditions, it can also symbolize the unity of mankind with the earth or with the realm of the spirit, the human body, and more. Point up, or Point Down? A "point down" pentacle is nothing new- nor is it necessarily Satanic when it appears as such. Historical depictions of the pentagram were as likely to be points down as point up- a distinction between one or the other was rarely made by the ancients. Even today, one must not assume a point down pentagram is Satanic, as it is just likely to be Masonic, Wiccan, or simply upside-down. Some inexperienced Wiccans will occasionally claim that a point down pentacle is Satanic, but such a symbol has at times represented the Wiccan horned God, and is still today an emblem of the Second Degree initiation in Gardnerian Wicca. The Satanic Pentagram To many people, the pentagram is inextricably linked with black magic and Satan worship. The Satanic pentagram is a difficult symbol- it is the newest and least used, but the best known and most controversial at the same time. The Satanic pentacle is almost always presented upside down, or inverted, with a single point facing downward. The adoption of the pentacle as a Satanic emblem is quite recent, dating only to the latter half of the twentieth century. This glyph is a representation of "Black magic," symbolizing the triumph of matter and individual desires over religious dogma- earth over an illusory promise of heaven. It is not analogous to the upturned cross (which is a symbol of rebellion against Christian culture), and is not "anti-Wiccan." In modern Satanic theology, the pentagram is far more likely to represent the individual, or the choice to pursue individual glory or immortality rather than union or absorption with the divine- where some traditions advocate the sublimation of the ego, Satanism exalts and glorifies it. The symbol most commonly associated with Satanic practices is the "Sabbatic goat" or Goat of Mendes pentacle, often confused with Baphomet, a figure from Templar legend, and Pan, the Greek goat God. It rarely has any deeper meaning; an irony when one considers that its association with Satanism has made the pentagram a feared symbol to many, and the subject of countless conspiracy theories. The Goat's Head The goat itself is related to medieval superstitions about the behavior of witches, who were often depicted dancing with or riding on goats (who often represented Satan himself). The goat in that context is often seen as an ironic symbol of sexual repression (the association being a clear allusion to unrestrained sexuality, represented by this ancient fertility symbol), so one can see why the symbolism might appeal to modern Satanists, as a symbol of freedom from sexual taboos. The Pentagram in Freemasonry In Freemasonry and related traditions, the pentagram is usually referred to as the "blazing star," and in addition to more traditional Pythagorean symbolism, is sometimes symbolic of the descent of the divinity of Christ into the world of matter, a remnant of Masonry's ties with medieval Christian Kabbalah. In this, it represents the Star of Bethlehem. Freemasonry emphasizes Pythagorean geometry in its system of allegorical symbology, and as the pentagram was the chief of the Pythagorean symbols, it is not at all surprising to find it among Masonic symbols. The Masonic use of the pentagram has provided endless fodder for conspiracy minded evangelicals who see its use as proof of a vast Satanic Masonic network. Many absurd connections have been made between the Satanic pentagram and the Masonic star by enthusiastic conspiracy theorists, who fail to note that the first association of the reversed pentacle with 'evil' is a relatively recent attitude- adopted long after Masons had been using the star without controversy for a very long time. The 19th century magical scholar Eliphas Levi is the first known to have vested the downward pointing pentacle with any real negative meaning, elaborating perhaps on Bruno's earlier claims. It was not until the mid twentieth century that Levi's 'Mendes' pentacle was adopted as an emblem of modern Satanism. No Satanic or black magic groups is known to have used a pentagram before then. The Pentagram of the Founders Surprisingly, the pentagram also plays an important part in the symbology of the early United States government (a fact not lost on the conspiracy theorists). Many of the Founding Fathers were Freemasons, to whom the Pentagram is an important symbol. The five pointed star appears in much of our early iconography- the US flag, the Great Seal, and on American currency. It is even to be found in the Capitol, where the White House sits at the apex of a giant pentagram, one of many interesting features in Capitol geometry:
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Are pentagrams bad if you are a Catholic?

It depends on which religion you are from. If you're Catholic, it means the 5 wounds of Jesus. Um, well No offense to the person who posted before, but you should probably check with a priest of the church or a Catholic reference book before accepting a pentagram. Roman Catholic Answer In the ( Full Answer )

What does the pentagram mean?

The pentagram, a five pointed star. it means spirit,water,earth,air and fire. it protects you from demons and devils or spirits. some people call it devils trap. if a demon goes on it, it is trapped.if u break the pentagram (devils trap) the demon will be set free. so i if i were you i would not bre ( Full Answer )

Why are there 35 triangles in a pentagram?

Triangles in a pentagram . If you click the nearby link and look at the figure on the left, that's a pentagram -- a five-pointed star inscribed within a pentagon. Label the five vertices A, B, C, D, E, and F. Label the five interior line intersections G, H, I, J, and K. Can't you see how many tri ( Full Answer )

How does a pentagram looks?

it can look like a star . A Pentagram, used by Pagans, is usually a five pointed star, within a circle. In most cases it is displayed with one of the points of the star at the top..

What does a pentagram mean?

The five or Pentagram has always had mystical meaning. It has been found scratched in stone age caves as old as man himself. It has always been with us. It has been closely associated with astronomical and religious meaning and at certain points in history with sinister doings. Babylonian,Sumatran a ( Full Answer )

What does the 5 star pentagram represent?

The Pentagram has always had mystical meanings. It has been found scratched in stone age caves as old as man himself. It has been associated with astronomical and religious meaning and at certain points in history with sinister doings. Babylonian,Sumatran and Hebrew writings and drawings were often ( Full Answer )

How do you make a pentagram symbol with your hands?

The Pentagram is signed using your power hand (right if you are right-handed, left if you are left-handed) starting at the top centre, moving down right, up left, straight across right, down left and back up to centre top. We do not form the Pentagram with our hands for any reason, including as a "s ( Full Answer )

How do you draw protective pentagram and books about Goods about Pentagram?

A protective pentagram is drawn over or on the object/person you are trying to protect. Draw a star. Starting at the top centre - moving to the lower right "I call upon Earth", from the lower right moving up to the middle left, "I call upon Fire"- from middle left move straight across to middle righ ( Full Answer )

What is the meaning of the pentagram?

The pentagram, a five pointed star (not to be confused with the Jewish Star of David) represents the 5 elements. Yes, five.. The top point represents Spirit. Going clockwise, Air, Earth, Fire & Water. The pentagram is drawn with a single interwoven line. A pentacle is a pentagram with a circle draw ( Full Answer )

The barnishing ritual of the pentagram?

The pentagram, a five pointed star (not to be confused with the Jewish Star of David) represents the 5 elements. Yes, five.. The top point represents Spirit. Going clockwise, Air, Earth, Fire & Water. The pentagram is drawn with a single interwoven line. A pentacle is a pentagram with a circle draw ( Full Answer )

What is the symbolism of a pentagram on your left palm?

Very interesting question. I too have the same thing on my left palm. I do not know what it means, however I found an interesting website: http://ladyshadowfeather.tripod.com/revgigisbos/id46.html The website said that if someone is born with it that they could be an older soul that was around wi ( Full Answer )

Why would you have two pentagrams on your house?

I would not. I might have 3, 5 or 7 as protective elements, decoration, and or a means of making my spiritual understanding known though. another might place two for similar reasons

What is a pentagram?

Answer A Pentagram is a five-point star, the symbol of Neo-Paganism, rather like the Christian Cross. It represents the five elements, and stands for all that is holy However, the inverted pentagram is it's opposite; it symbolises evil. It's modern usage is mostly in Satanism. However, the i ( Full Answer )

How many sides does a pentagram have?

2 = sides with in it's abilty 2 tag it's own abilty and with in it's own pen. it can pen back a tag on how mush ram it can take back the ram it take's to think about how many sides can you remember have any sides more thay 2? but are you haveing a hard time thinking of how many more sides we can do ( Full Answer )

How do you draw a pentagram?

A pentagram is a five-pointed star, whose points/sides are all similar. So, you need to measure five angles of 72º at the centre of a circle. Mark where these meet the circumference and then connect each point to the second-next one, so that all are connected... 1 to 3, 3 to 5, 5 to 2, 2 to 4 a ( Full Answer )

Are werewolves associated with pentagrams?

In the first Wolfman movie with Lon Chaney and Bela Legusi it was depicted that the person who was the werewolf would see the sign of the pentagram in the hand of his next victim. A Hollywood embellishment if you ask me.

How do you do a pentagram in HTML?

HTML(earlier versions) itself does not provide any means to display anything other than text and color. This means if you want a HTML document to display a pentagram, you will have to make a pentagram image file first, and include that into your HTML document using the tag. However if your brows ( Full Answer )

How do you change a pentagram for an invoking ritual?

Invoking pentagrams are drawn starting at the top point going down to the bottom left point, then to the far right point, straight over to the left point, now down to the bottom right point and back up to the very top point.

Is the Pentagram evil?

Not at all. A Pentagram is a five pointed start, it is often seen as a representation of the elements, and the spirit. Also a symbol of protection. Commonly associated with the Pentacle, a five pointed star surrounded by a circle.

Why would a pentagram be behind a mirror?

I'm giving one answer... and it I am not claiming that it is a definitive answer. I have encountered Pagans who believe that spirits often reside behind mirrors. I am racking my brain right now to think of what culture this stems from. The general theory is, that the spirits of the deceased can i ( Full Answer )

Why in a druids amulet is the pentagram upsidedown?

point up pentagram = masculine, energy going out point down pentagram = feminine, energy going in. Christianity makes everyone scared of everything. Neither one of them is "evil." They are just 2 sides of the same whole.

What is the Lesser Pentagram?

The so called "lesser pentagram" is actually a term derived from the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn. They taught a small (lesser ritual) which involved casting a circle and reciting specific holy names of god while circumscribing pentagrams in the air with a ritual dagger. The pentagram itself i ( Full Answer )

Can you show me a picture of a pentagram?

A pentagram (sometimes known as a pentalpha or pentangle or, more formally, as a star pentagon) is the shape of a five-pointed star drawn with five straight strokes. A picture can be seen in the related links below

Which hand is the werewolf pentagram on?

The right hand. (the back of the hand) the pentagram on the back of the right hand is a sure sign of a werewolf. The mark is also referred to as the mark of the beast.

How are pentagrams related to Fibonacci numbers?

The pentagram is related to the golden ratio, because the diagonals of a pentagram sections each other in the golden ratio. The Fibonacci numbers are also related to the golden ratio. Take two following Fibonacci numbers and divide them. So you have 2:1, 3:2, 5:3, 8:5 and so on. This sequence is goi ( Full Answer )

What do inverted pentagram tattoos mean?

A pentagram is usually just a pentagram, no matter which way it is turned...There are some folks who think that it means devil worshiping by having the top point down...To a pagan it is just a pentagram and you will find it means know harm.. Now the pentagram has been around for ever and ever whil ( Full Answer )

What is the signficance of the pentagram?

The significance of the pentagram - 5-pointed star - depends on the context. By far the most common meaning is American patriotism. There are no less than 50 five-pointed stars on the American flag, and the star is displayed on countless government and military insignias. In Christianity, the Sta ( Full Answer )

What is the meaning of the pentagram tattoo?

The significance of the pentagram - 5-pointed star - depends on the context. By far the most common meaning is American patriotism. There are no less than 50 five-pointed stars on the American flag, and the star is displayed on countless government and military insignias. In Christianity, the Sta ( Full Answer )

Which planet is associated with the pentagram shape?

A pentagram is an unbroken five pointed star representing Earth, Air, Fire, Water and the Spirit. The pentagram shape comes from the path that the planet Venus makes across the night sky. Others say it is associated with stars in general rather than with a particular planet. You can easily find 50 f ( Full Answer )

What fish looks like a pentagram?

I'm guessing you're talking about starfish. They aren't actually fish, however. They're a saltwater invertebrate.

Is a five-pointed star a pentagram?

Yes. "Penta-" means five "-gram" may mean anything that is drawn or written, but is also used specifically to mean a star.

How do you use a pentagram to increase luck?

You can't increase luck. You can't do it with pentagrams, you can't do it with the power of positive thinking, you can't do it in any way except cheating... and then it's not actually "luck" you're improving.

What does the masonic pentagram mean?

There is no specific "Masonic Pentagram", or a pentagram unique to Freemasonry. The pentagram, or 5-pointed star, is used to represent several ideas within Freemasonry. These ideas are as mundane as representing a star in the night sky, as enlightening as representing the 5 physical senses, or as pr ( Full Answer )

What are associations of the the pentagram?

The Pentagram is a five pointed star. For early Catholics, it meant the five wounds of Jesus. For Wiccans, the upright Pentacle, pentacle inside a circle, is the religious symbol. For LaVey Satanists, an inverted pentagram with the Baphomet face is their religious symbol. Pentagram can be f ( Full Answer )

Why are goats in a satanic pentagram?

Because according to the Holy bible the goat is to satan what the lamb is to god the goat was always considered satans symbol and satanist used and kept most of satans symbolism from the bible and possibly a few of the other religions.

How do you call a vampire using a pentagram?

is this a joke You draw a pentagram on the ground and place a burning candle at every line intersection (10). You then step inside one of the 'wings' of the pentagram and say "Hey vampire! I dare you to cross this line. Yea you. Ya can't do it can ya?"

Why does Billy the exterminator wear a pentagram?

Its just like any Christian would wear a cross. It stands for the four elements, fire, water, earth and air plus spirit on top. It's an ancient symbol of a completed human. He also carries a symbol of Mercury, god of wisdom and knowledge and a cross tattoo on his bicep. Looks like Billy is very well ( Full Answer )

Does a pentagram mean evil?

A pentagram does not necessarily mean evil. Some people use it as a symbol of evil, but some others use it as a non evil symbol. Wiccans for example use a pentacle, which is basically the same as a pentagram, as a good symbol.

What has the number 5 got to do with a pentagram?

Well pentagrams have five points. with the star itself oriented pointing down. It is a sign taken and denatured from the Wiccan pentacle, where as the pentacle points upwards and is a symbol of healing in classic witchcraft. The pentagram is a symbol of indulgence. Each point is supposedly represe ( Full Answer )

Why are the pentagram AND the inverted pentagram both evil?

Neither are evil - in fact, ancient greeks such as the Pythagoreans used it as a religious symbol and so did the early Christians (5 points to represent the 5 wounds Jesus sustained on the cross). Today, some neopagans use this symbol as a mark of faith. If it is your view that people who don't wors ( Full Answer )