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# What is the meaning of load factor?

727374 ###### 2015-07-17 17:29:33

If your electric billing rate includes both an Energy (kWh) and Demand (kW) charge, your load factor can be calculated by the following formula:

L.F. (percent) = [(Total kWh)/(# Days in Bill Cycle x 24 hrs/day)]/[Peak kW Demand]

If your load factor is low, you should look for ways to even out your electrical usage (i.e., shift energy intensive processes to periods of otherwise low usage).

By increasing load factor, you will reduce the impact of monthly demand (kW) charges on your bill.

Another way of looking at load factor is:

LF = average demand / peak demand

for a given period of time.

Load factor is the total energy consumed in a period (kWh) over maximum power that can be delivered(kW) in to no of hours (h) in that period.

Load factor = Energy consumed (kWh)/ max power (kW) x No. of hours (h)

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## Related Questions  Power factor doesn't necessarily 'improve with the load', but it is determined by the load.  the maximum load factor without structural damage to the aircraft. Load factor = 1 / (cos (angle of turn)) It is the ratio of average load and Connected load. or Ratio of average load and Peak load. It indicates the utilization of the Plant. Higher the load factor better the utilization. maximum demand load can be calculated as: # maximum demand=demand factor * Connected load or by # maximum demand = connected load * Diversity Factor Note: Demand factor and diversity factor are NOT same Power factor can be unity. If the load is purely resistive, then the load current and supply voltage are in phase, and the load will have unity power factor.  Load factor and current are not directly related A load loss factor, LLF,not loss load factor,Êis a calculation used by electrical utility companies to measure energy loss.Ê Its the ratio of average load loss to peak load loss. Ratio of Average load to Maximum demand for a given period (for a day, month or year) is termed as Load factor or Plant Load Factor (PLF). Load Factor = Avg. Load*24/Max Demand*24 ......... For a Day. This Load factor is very important in the sense of calculating the overall generation cost. It is always less than 1. Higher the LOAD FACTOR of a power station,lesser the overall per unit generation cost of the power station. K Factor Also called an Overhung Load Factor. A constant used to modify the overhung load rating of a gearbox based on the type of load applied on the shaft. Use the K factor either to increase the calculated overhung load, or to reduce the gearbox overhung load rating. Power factor is determined by the nature (resistive, inductive, capacitive) of a load, not whether it is a low load or a high load. If the load is resistive-inductive, then it will have a lagging power factor; if it is resistive-capacitive, then it will have a leading power factor. Power factor is defined as the angle by which the load current lags or leads the supply voltage.  That's not possible. The power factor is related to the phase difference between voltage and current on the line. "No load" means 'no current', so power factor is meaningless with no load. If you see a power factor, there must be a load, even if it's some device that you're not aware of. In order to get an unity power factor, the capacitive load and inductive load must be equal. load factor is the ratio of average load to max demand for a given period.High load factor meansless cost per KWHmore efficient use of power plant For an inductive load, the current lags the voltage by 90 degs. Hence the power factor for an inductive load is 0. For a capacitive load, the current leads the voltage by 90 degs. Hence the power factor for a capacitive load is 0. For a resistive load, the current and the voltage are in phase. Hence the power factor for a resistive load is 1. A power factor of one means that the current and voltage waveforms across the load are in phase. This happens only when the load is pure resistance.  If you are asking whether power-factor improvement has any effect on a wattmeter reading, then the answer is no, it doesn't. Improving the power factor of a load has absolutely no effect on the power of the load, but it can act to reduce the value of the load current. A factored load is the product of a nominal load and a load factor. It is the ratio of the lift of an aircraft to its weight and the nominal aphasia.  A power factor of unity indicates that the load current is in phase with the supply voltage, so is supplying a purely resistive load.

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