What is the sentence for misdemeanor battery in California?
It is really difficult to answer this question without knowing more specifics. A judge will take in to account all the facts, including the damage caused, before issuing a sentence. There are sentencing guidelines but they are very broad and range from a fine to a custodial sentence.
Permanently, but the consequences can depend on the situation. There are three levels of misdemeanor domestic violence in CA: PC 243(e)(1) is domestic battery, PC 243(d) is aggravated battery (which can be charged as either a misdemeanor or a felony), and PC 273.5 is is Corporal Injury on a Spouse, Cohabitant or Fellow Parent (which can also be charged as either a misdemeanor or a felony).
How much jail time could you get in the state of California for violation of probation for misdemeanor?
Depending on the circumstances and previous convictions, battery can be both a misdemeanor and a felony. Battery on a Police Officer is most always a felony. Simple Battery, is generally a high grade misdemeanor. If you've been convicted of battery once before, it could be upgraded to a low class felony. Check your states' statues regarding Battery or Assault (though they are technically different, some states fade the meaning).