What is the term for words that sound the same but are spelled and defined differently?
They are called homophones but not homonyms, because
homonyms are two words which have the same pronunciation and
spelling but differ in meaning.
They are homophones.
The reverse (words spelled the same but with different meanings) would be true homonyms if they sound the same (bat = baseball or flying mammal), or simply homographs if they have different sounds (lead = being ahead or the heavy element). Words spelled differently that mean about the same are synonyms.
A homophone is a word that is pronounced like another word, but is usually spelled differently. The words may be spelled the same, however, like rose and rose. Words that are spelled the same are called homographs and homonyms. If the words are spelled differently, the are also heterographs. A homophone for the word farrow could be Pharaoh, or Faro.
Heterographs are words that sound the same but have different spelling and meaning. E.g. To, Too, Two. Homophones are words that sound the same but have different meanings. (note could have similar spelling). E.g. Gases or Gasses. Take a look at this for a complete explanation. Especially the chart: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homophones
Heteronym A heteronym is a word that is spelled and sounds the same but has different meanings. An example of this is the word 'lick'. You can lick an ice cream cone (eating using only your tongue) or lick someone in a fight (defeat the person physically). . Homonym A heteronym is a subset of the homonyms. Homonyms sound the same, and they can be, but are not necessarily spelled in the same way. An…
Homonyms are words that are spelled and pronounced the same, but have different meanings. Arms, bank, can, duck, exact, flat, groom, hood, iron, jam, kind, letter, mole, nail, order, pound, quarry, right, seal, tie, wave, and yard are all examples of homonyms. In contrast, homophones are only pronounced the same but spelled differently, and homographs are spelled the same, but pronounced differently.
Heteronyms are words that are spelled alike but have more than one meaning, with each pronounced differently. An example: Bow to the emperor (bow rhymes with now) Tie a bow (bow rhymes with no) Heteronyms are words that are spelled identically but have different meanings when pronounced differently. e.g. Lead, pronounced leed, means to guide. However, lead, pronounced led, means a metallic element.
Is there a term for words that are spelled the same but are pronounced differently where pronunciation can only be established in context?
What is it called when two words are spelled the same but have different pronunciations Example Bass a type of fish and Bass A musical instrument?
One or two "Rs" are okey-dokey, although more commonly spelled "Mary". The word marry with two R's means to wed, to join in matrimony. With one R and a capital M, it's a feminine name. In some parts of the U.S., those two words are pronounced differently. In fact, Mary, marry, and merry are all pronounced differently. In other areas, you can hardly tell them apart.
Most names that are not Hispanic in origin are spelled the same in Spanish and in English, but may be pronounced differently. Ulman is spelled the same but would probably be pronounced "OOL-mahn" by a person who speaks Spanish. Sites such as learn-spanish.co.il provide audio pronunciations of many common Spanish words.