What is tin?
Tin is a chemical element. It is often obtained from a mineral
called cassiterite (SnO2) and is extracted via cooking it in a
furnace with carbon. It is often used as a protective coating on
top of other metals (ex. tin cans [made from steel]) to protect
them from rust.
Symbol: Sn (from the latin word Stannum)
Atomic number: 50
Mass number: 118.71
Group number: IVA/4A or 14
Period number: 5
Electron shell configuration: