What kind of eclipse happens when the moon gets directly in the middle of the sun and the earth?
Then the Moon would block the Sun, from our point of view. That is called a solar eclipse.
In order for an eclipse to occur, the sun, moon, and earth must all be in the same straight line. A solar eclipse happens when the moon is the middle one. A lunar eclipse happens when the earth is the middle one. It takes roughly two weeks (14.8 days) for the moon to swing half-way around the earth ... between the middle position and the end position.
In a lunar eclipse the Earth is in the middle and blocks the Sun's light from the Moon, so that happens always at Full Moon but not every time. A solar eclipse has the Moon in the middle so it happens at New Moon, but not every time, and the Moon is not big enough to shadow the whole Earth so a solar eclipse is seen only in a strip across the Earth's surface.
A lunar eclipse is safer to look at, as it happens when the earth passes between the sun and the moon, and the earth casts a shadow over the moon. Unlike a solar eclipse, a lunar eclipse is when an observer is not looking directly at the sun - which is dangerous to the observers eyesight as during a solar eclipse.
A lunar eclipse only ever happens at Full Moon because for a lunar eclipse the Moon has to be in the Earth's shadow. The Earth comes directly between the Sun and Moon, which means the Moon has to be opposite the Sun in the sky, so it happens at Full Moon. A lunar eclipse can be seen from everywhere on the dark half of the Earth.
What moon is it when the moon is aligned with the sun and earth earth is being in the middle the entire side of the moon facing earth is bright and visible?
What happens in the middle is the crescent moon. At New Moon, the moon is as close as it can be to being between the earth and the sun; when this creates a straight line, we observe a solar eclipse. There is no sunlight reflecting directly off the moon's surface to earth, but we may sometimes see some earthlight reflecting back from the moon's surface. The moon continues from east to west in its orbit…
Similarity: The "middle" body casts a shadow on the body furthest from the sun. In a lunar eclipse, Earth is the middle body; in a solar eclipse the Moon is the middle body. Difference: Yes you can look at a lunar eclipse without eye protection. We see the shadow projected on the Moon in a lunar eclipse; we on Earth are in the shadow in a solar eclipse.
A solar eclipse happens when the Moon covers the Sun. The Moon is only about 1/4 the size of the Earth, and that is the reason the eclipse can't be seen (not even as a partial eclipse) from all parts of the Earth at once. A solar eclipse happens when the Moon covers the Sun. The Moon is only about 1/4 the size of the Earth, and that is the reason the eclipse can't be…