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Prior to 1639, Alsace was part of the Holy Roman Empire (or Germany). Thereafter until 1871, it was part of France, and in 1871 Prussia/Germany reincorporated it into the German Empire. After 1919, it was again part of France, and for a brief time during World War 2 (1940 to 1945 in this case) it was a part of Germany again. Up until 1945, the majority spoke German or the German-dialect Alsatian. Today, it is nearly 50/50 German to French. Their nationality, though, is French.

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Q: What nationality were the people of Alsace?
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