What percentage of DNA do humans and chimpanzees share?
Although it has commonly been stated in the past that humans and chimpanzees have 98.5% DNA similarity, this figure has recently been found to be incorrect. Newer research has suggested that there is approximately 96% genetic similarity between Humans and chimpanzees overall.
Of course the fine details depend on what specific chromosomes one is looking at. Although 96% of the DNA is similar overall, there are some very significant differences in some chromosomes, where other chromosomes are nearly identical. Specifically, 18 of the chromosomes of humans are nearly identical to those of chimpanzees, the rest are very different (eg: chromosomes 4, 9, 12, 21, and y).
Some specific examples of differences include:
1) Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes in total while chimpanzees have 24.
2) Chimpanzees and other apes have telomeres about 23 kilobases long, whereas humans are completely unique among primates with much shorter telomeres only 10 kilobases long.
3) The Y chromosome in chimpanzees is smaller than that of humans and only 60% of the genes are similar to those of the y chromosome of humans.
- Jennifer F. Hughes et al. 2010. Chimpanzee and human Y chromosomes are remarkably divergent in structure and gene content. Nature. Online first. January
- Archidiacono, N. et al. 1998. 'Evolution of chromosome Y in primates.' Chromosoma 107:241-246.
- Britten, R.J. 2002. 'Divergence between samples of chimpanzee and human DNA sequences is 5% counting indels.' Proceedings National Academy Science 99:13633-13635.
- Fujiyama, A., et al. 2002. 'Construction and analysis of a Human-Chimpanzee Comparative Clone Map.' Science 295:131-134.
- Gagneux, P. and Varki, A. 2001. 'Genetic differences between humans and great apes.' Mol Phylogenet Evol 18:2-13.
It really depends on what we are comparing - the entire genome or just the small fraction (1%) which codes for proteins. If we compare the ENTIRE genome to another then the figures for similarity are very low and in fact, such a study has not been done. If we compare the similarities between the genes that code JUST FOR PROTEINS (1% of entire genome), then the figure is very high! The vast majority of mammalian DNA does NOT code for proteins - it was once believed to be "junk DNA" with no function - Now we know this assumption was totally wrong. We now know they play an important role in preserving the genome itself - and many other functions as well.
Bonobos , Orang utans and Chimps. Bonobos share 99% of their DNA with us. Orang utans share 96.4% of their DNA with us and Chimpanzees share 98.5% of their DNA with us humans... who knows there might be a type of primate out there that has not been discovered yet that shares more of their DNA with us the Bonobos.
Humans and chimpanzees share 94% of the same DNA. By comparing certain genes of chimpanzees to those of humans, scientists can tell the approximate number of generations since humans and chimpanzees shared a common ancestor. It is believed that the ancestors of humans and chimpanzees diverged between four and six million years ago. In other words, it is support for evolution and the fact that humans evolved from great apes.
Humans and chimpanzees share a much more recent common ancestor than humans and pigs. This results in humans sharing more of their genome with chimps than they do with pigs. Even though a human's genetic code is more like a chimp's than it is like a pig's, all eukaryotic organisms share a significant amount of genetic code, vertebrates share even more, and mammals share even more than that; a human's DNA more closely resembles a…
You share some DNA with everyone to whom you are related. Since you have a common ancestor with your father's cousin twice removed, you are related and share DNA. More broadly, every human being has large amounts of DNA that are shared with every other human being. That is what makes us humans, as distinct from chimpanzees, orangutans, gorillas or mice.
First answer The percentage of similarity that Billy goats and humans share is astounding. These animals both require food, water, and love. Second answer Apart from those mentioned above, humans and goats share a large portion of similar DNA because they are both mammals. I would guess that they share at least 90%.
One of the best lines of evidence for evolution are Endogenous retroviruses (ERV's).ERV's are a special type of virus that infects DNA. They continue to get copied from generation to generation even when they're no longer active and are thus kind of like a fossil in our DNA. When you compare the DNA of humans and chimpanzees, you will find the exact same ERV's in the exact same locations, something that simply could not have…
What type of study is most appropriate for determining the time at which a common ancestor to humans and chimpanzees lived?
Humans share around 99.9 percent of their DNA after all we all are humans and only a small amount is what makes you, you. Chimpanzees are 97% similar to humans. Cats have 90% of homologous genes with humans, 82% with dogs, 80% with cows, 69% with rats and 75% of mouse genes have equivalents in humans. And about 60% of chicken genes correspond to a similar human genes
No, convergent evolution happens when two distinctly different species develop similar adaptations because of similar environmental pressures. For example, both bugs and bats have wings, but one is an insect and the other is a mammal. Chimps and humans have similar DNA because they share a common ancestor--i.e., we are genetic cousins.
Yes we are bonded to animals because animals Like us have cromozomes. Chromosomes are sort of cells that get woman pregnant (it doesnt mean we can get other animals pregnant) we evolved from chimpanzees so chimpanzees sort of have the same DNA as us so that would be at least 98% of our DNA in chimpanzees!