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Q: What process occurs at the anode in the electrolysis of molten Sodium chloride?
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Why is an electric current needed to form sodium and chlorine from the sodium chloride solution?

This may be a trick question, electrolyis of a sodium chloride solution produces chlorine at the anode but does not produce sodium at the cathode. Electrolysis of molten sodium chloride does however produce sodium and chlorine.

What is decomposition of AgCl?

Decomposition of sodium chloride by electrolysis:- in water solution: 2 NaCl + 2 H2O = 2 NaOH + H2 + Cl2- molten sodium chloride: 2 NaCl----------->2 Na + Cl2

Where does molten carbonate come from?

Sodium carbonate can be made by the Solvay process from brine (sodium chloride) and limestone (calcium carbonate). In the US there are large deposits of a mineral called Trona which is sodium bicarbonate carbonate, and it is obtained from that. Potassium carbonate is made by electrolysis of potassium chloride which is found as mineral Sylvite, which gives potassium hydroxide which is then carbonated with CO2. See wikipedia entries for Solvay Process, Trona, and Potassium Carbonate

Why does molten sodium chloride conduct electricity but crystalline magnesium chloride does not?

In the molten state the ions of sodium chloride are free to move. Magnesium chloride would also conduct if it were molten. Since the ions of the magnesium chloride are bound together in the crystal lattice they cannot carry a current.

Why is hydrogen collected at cathode instead of sodium during the electrolysis of sodium chloride?

When an aqueous solution of sodium hydroxide is electrolyzed, hydrogen is produced at the cathode because hydrogen can be produced at a lower voltage than can sodium, and the supply of hydrogen from the water of the solution is sufficient to consume all the current supplied. When molten sodium chloride is electrolyzed, however, sodium is produced at the cathode.

Related questions

What is the electrolysis of sodium chloride?

1. The products of the molten sodium chloride electrolysis are sodium and chlorine. 2. The products of the water solution of sodium chloride electrolysis are sodium hydroxide and hydrogen.

How can sodium be reduced from sodium chloride?

Sodium can be obtained from sodium chloride by the electrolysis of molten NaCl.

Is molten NaCl conducting electricity?

Yes, molten sodium chloride conduct electricity; the electrolysis is possible as an industrial process.

What is electrolysis of aqueous sodium chloride?

Sodium metal can be obtained by electrolysis from molten mixture of sodium chloride and calcium chloride in Down's cell. The metal can not be obtained by electrolysis from aqueous solution, because hydrogen will evolve instead.

Why will molten Sodium Chloride undergo electrolysis?

Molten sodium chloride consists of sodium ions and chloride ions and is therefore a conductor of electricity- and can be electrlysed.

How do you make metallic sodium?

Typically electrolysis of molten sodium chloride

What is produced when sodium chloride is electrolysed?

Electrolysis of molten sodium chloride: the products are sodium and chlorine. Electrolysis of sodium chloride solution: the products are hydrogen and chlorine.

How is sodium produced from sodium chloride on a commercial scale?

This technology involve the electrolysis of molten sodium chloride.

What is the structure of molten sodium chloride?

In molten sodium chloride the free moving particles are Na+ and Cl- ions, during electrolysis sodium ion moves towards cathode and chloride ion towards anode.

What is the main product in the electrolysis of molten sodium chloride?

Sodium and chlorine are obtained.

What is salt divided?

In the electrolysis of molten sodium chloride sodium and chlorine are obtained.

How do you fuse sodium chloride?

The melting point of sodium chloride is 801 0C. The electrolysis of molten sodium chloride produce sodium and chlorine.