What structure enables the small intense to absorb large amounts of?
the large intense
Plant cells are specialized into tissues much like animals. Their function is determined by their structure and placement withing the plant. Some offer support and structure for the plant, others provide a mechanism to transport water and minerals, others house large amounts of chlorophyll for photosynthesis, others are adapted to absorb water from the soil.
The difference is in the substances of which they're made, and how much incident radiation those substances absorb or reflect. And that should really be your question. You should be asking why different substances absorb different amounts of the energy that shines on them. The question you did ask isn't really a question, once you understand what's going on. Some colors are dark, because they absorb more light, and incidentally more heat too. And some…
They are able to live in areas with less water, because the vascular system enables them to have structures like roots that can absorb water in the ground as well as save nutrients for droughts etc. Also, the vascular system gives plants more structure and allows them to grow taller, thicker, and be more resilient against the weather.