What symphony was the first to use trombones?
Beethoven's Fifth was the first symphony to include trombones.
Yes. The final movement of Beethoven's famous Symphony no.5 in C minor was scored for trombone. It was, in fact, the first time the trombone was used by Beethoven (though not the first time the trombone was used in a symphony). The trombone was also used in Beethoven's Sixth Symphony (the Pastorale) and his Ninth Symphony (the Choral).
Beethoven was the first composer to introduce the piccolo flute, trombones and double bassoon to the concert orchestra. His 5th symphony in C minor (Op 67) is the first ever symphonic composition to use these instruments. Following him, Wagner and Berlioz made the orchestra even larger which influenced Mahler to write his massive symphonies for a gigantic orchestra.
Beethoven's Symphony no. 9 in D Minor is called the Choral Symphony, because it was the first ever to employ the use of voice as an instrument. The final movement of the symphony is sometimes referred to as the Ode to Joy, because it was based on a poem (not written by Beethoven) of the same name. This is not the correct name, however.
Some of Beethoven's symphonic innovations included: The development and expansion of the symphonic coda, e.g. in his 8th symphony, the coda made up almost half of the final movement. Beethoven was the first to use a single motif as a unifying element throughout an entire symphony. This was most evident in the 5th symphony in which the same four-note motif was repeated, in varying forms, throughout the entire work. The expansion of the symphony orchestra…