What us the name of the form of fatty acids in naturally occurring fats is generally called what?
In our body there are around 22 naturally occurring amino acids,but combined together they make almost an infinite amount of proteins.Out of these there are 11 nonessential amino acids which can be synthesized by the body.There are also 11 essential amino acids which the body cannot synthesize.There are also many other amino acids, but they are not much needed,so we basically need these 22.
Dipeptides and polypeptides are made from amino acids joined together by peptide bonds. Dipeptides consist of 2 amino acids, therefore are joined by a single peptide bond. Polypeptides are made from lots of amino acids. Amino acids are the monomer, there are about 20 naturally occurring amino acids. When they are becoming linked in a peptide bond, they combine in a condensation reaction releasing water.
Fats and oils are made from glycerol and three fatty acids joined by dehydration synthesis. Also known as triglycerides. Naturally occurring fats, oils and waxes are collectively known as simple lipids. Oils and fats are exposed to warm and moist air for a long time, they give off bad smells and odors. This is known as Rancidification. Naturally occurring esters of long-chain carboxylic acids with long chain alcohols are waxes. Waxes are low melting point…
In chemistry, especially biochemistry, a fatty acid is a carboxylic acid with a long aliphatic tail (chain), which is either saturated or unsaturated. Most naturally occurring fatty acids have a chain of an even number of carbon atoms, from 4 to 28. Fatty acids are usually derived from triglycerides orphospholipids. When they are not attached to other molecules, they are known as "free" fatty acids.
Is an organic compound that contains both a basic amino group and a carboxyl group. The alpha amino acids, in which the amino group is attached to the alpha carbon, are the building blocks (or monomers) of peptides and proteins. The amimno acids are commonly classified either as: a) neutral, basic, or acidic, or as b) nonpolar, polar and uncharged, or polar and charged, according to their structures.
Mineral Acids : some acids are prepared from the mineral's present in the earth's crust.Examples are hydrochloric acid(HCL),sulphuric acid(H2SO4),nitric acid(HNO3),etc. these acids are called mineral acids. Organic acids: these acids are present in organic matter,i.e.,in animal and plant materials. these are generally weak acids
caffeine and nicotine are probably the two most common in everyday life. Morphine and cocaine another well known alkaloid. Alkaloids are chemicals with basic nitrogen (alkaline) that are naturally occurring, especially those where the nitrogen is part of a ring. usually excluding amino acids and proteins.