What was the first camera brand?

Answer:

Many names predate Kodak. Anthony (1842), Voightlander (1840's), Lerebours (1840's), American Optical Co.(before 1866), Scovill (at least as early as 1860's), dozens, perhaps hundreds more. The earliest US brand name was probably E. Anthony, but Alexander Wolcott took out the first US Patent on a camera in 1840, and produced at least some examples with his name impressed upon them.