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Montgomery Bus Boycott

What was the purpose of the Montgomery bus boycott?


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March 29, 2011 1:07AM

The purpose of the Montgomery bus boycott was to end racial segregation on the city bus system in a non-violent way, by creating economic hardship for the company. When African-Americans in the city of Montgomery, Alabama stopped riding the buses after Rosa Parks' arrest, ridership decreased by 80%. The bus company stubbornly held its ground, however, because they expected local police and politicians to disrupt the civil rights protest and dismantle the informal taxi system created by the African-American community. Both the city and the bus line hoped to coerce African-Americans into riding the buses instead of changing their segregation policies.

The boycott finally ended after 381 days, when the US Supreme Court held segregation in public transportation is unconstitutional in the case Browder v. Gayle, (1956).