Asked by Andy Blackwell Uncategorized
What was the purpose of the later crusades after the first crusade?
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Asked in Animal Life
What is cruseds?
I presume you mean The Crusades. The Crusades were Holy Wars in the 11th to 13th centuries waged by Christians from western Europe to regain the holy city of Jerusalem from the Muslims. The First Crusade succeded, but Jerusalem was subsequently regained by the Muslims, and the later Crusades failed to regain it.
Asked in Crusades
Describe the degeneration of the idealism of the first Crusades into the blatant opportunism of the later Crusades?
Unfortunately, the first Crusades were not really distinguished by any real level of idealism: Pope Urban II knew that a crusade would serve to reunite Christendom, bolster the papacy, and perhaps bring the East under his control.When the first Crusaders took Jerusalem in 1099, they massacred the population regardless of whether they were Muslims, Jews or Christians.The People's Crusade was really part of the First Crusade. The peasant population that formed the basis of People's Crusade had been afflicted by drought, famine, and plague for many years before 1096, and some of them seem to have envisaged the crusade as an escape from these hardships - a practical reason, but hardly idealism.The German Crusade of 1096 is that part of the First Crusade in which peasant crusaders, mostly from Germany, attacked European Jews. Many people wondered why they should travel thousands of miles to fight non-believers when there were already non-believers closer to home. It is also likely that the crusaders were motivated by a need for money. The only evidence here for idealism is among the authorities and religious leaders who attempted to shelter their Jewish subjects. Certainly the later Crusades were at least as opportunistic as the first. More importantly, they achieved little and resulted in the eventual abandonment of the Holy Land by Christian Knights.
Did the Crusades ultimately strengthen or weaken the papacy?
The only crusade that was successful was the First Crusade which not only accomplished its goals, but also established the Knights Templar and the Knights of St. John. Later Crusades had little effect. Ultimately, the Crusades, although most of them were called by popes, were founded by countries and individual princes. They did not ultimately affect the papacy one way or the other, and themselves became meaningless when the protestant revolt tore all nations out of the Catholic Christian influence.
Asked in Ancient Greece
What was the goal of the crusade?
What were the crusades of Julius Caesar?
Julius Caesar, who lived in the first century BCE, had nothing to do with the Crusades, which took place over a thousand years later. The word "crusade" comes from the Latin "crux, crucis", a Cross, since the crusaders wore crosses on their uniforms to distinguish themselves as Christians. This clearly has nothing to do with Caesar.
Asked in Middle Ages
Did the crusades happen during the high middle ages?
Asked in Crusades
Describe the degeneration of the idealism of the first crusade into the blatant opportunism of the later crusade?
Asked in Crusades
What was the purpose of the series of military expeditions known as the crusades?
Asked in Crusades
What statements is not true of both the First Crusade launched in 1095 CE and the Fourth Crusade launched a century later?
What was the city Christians won during the Fisrt Crusade but later lost to Saladin?
Asked in History of Europe, Crusades
What were the cause-and-effect of the crusades?
In short, Pope Urban II wanted to capture the Holy Land from the Turkish Muslims, and he preached vigourously on it, even going so far as to say joining in the crusades would ensure salvation. Soon many peasants had begun their own unofficial crusade, known as the "Peasants Crusade". The emotionaly unstable mob was slaughtered by the Turkish Muslims very easily. The official crusade is called the "First Crusade" [1096-1099] and it had great European nobles at the front. This crusade captured Asia Minor for the emperor Alexius Comenus, recaptured Jerusalem, and also a strip of land on the Eastern Coast of the Mediterrainean Sea. The "Second Crusade"s [1147-1149] goal was to attack Damascus (which actually was friendly to the Crusaders), but it failed miserably. In 1187, Muslims again took control over Jerusalem, leading to the "Third Crusade" [1189-1192] also known as the "Crusade of Kings". This crusade accomplished very little. The "Fourth Crusade" [1202-1204] didn't even reach the Holy Land, but attacked Constantinople. The "Children's Crusade"  was utterly ridiculous in that the entire group consisted of children that marched toward the Mediterranean, hoping that God would divide the waters for them, instead, were tricked by slave traders, and sold to North African Muslims. The other crusades after this also accomplished nothing. In all, most of the crusades were irrational and unreasonable. What they DID do was open up trade with europe and the orient some years later.
When did Pope Innocent call the fourth crusade?
Crusade Dates of Crusade Crusades Timeline of Events First Crusade 1096 - 1099 The People's Crusade - Freeing the Holy Lands. 1st Crusade led by Count Raymond IV of Toulouse and proclaimed by many wandering preachers, notably Peter the Hermit Second Crusade 1144 -1155 Crusaders prepared to attack Damascus. 2nd crusade led by Holy Roman Emperor Conrad III and by King Louis VII of France Third Crusade 1187 -1192 3rd Crusade led by Richard the Lionheart of England, Philip II of France, and Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I. Richard I made a truce with Saladin Fourth Crusade 1202 -1204 4th Crusade led by Fulk of Neuil French/Flemish advanced on Constantinople The Children's Crusade 1212 The Children's Crusade led by a French peasant boy, Stephen of Cloyes Fifth Crusade 1217 - 1221 The 5th Crusade led by King Andrew II of Hungary, Duke Leopold VI of Austria, John of Brienne Sixth Crusade 1228 - 1229 The 6th Crusade led by Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II Seventh Crusade 1248 - 1254 The 7th Crusade led by Louis IX of France Eighth Crusade 1270 The 8th Crusade led by Louis IX Ninth Crusade 1271 - 1272 The 9th Crusade led by Prince Edward (later Edward I of England)
Asked in Crusades, Knights, Knights Templar
What role did the religious orders like the knights Hospitallers and the knights templars play during the crusades?
The Knights Templar were formed after the First Crusade to protect pilgrims who traveled the road between the seaport town of Jappa and Jerusalem - a distance of about 50 miles. The Knights Hospitaller were formed to do as their name implies: they provided hospital services. Both orders did fight in later Crusades, and both were military orders - just like the Teutonic Knights.
Where did the Crusades take place?
=The Crusades were a series of military conflicts of a religious character which occurred in the years 1095-1291, usually sanctioned by the Pope in the name of Christendom. The Crusades originally had the goal of recapturing Jerusalem and the sacred "Holy Land" from Muslim rule and were launched in response to a call from the Eastern Orthodox Byzantine Empire for help against the expansion of the Muslim Seljuq dynasty into Anatolia. The call was issued by Emperor Alexius I in 1095 to Pope Urban II. Pope Urban immediatley held a council in Clermont were he ordained that a crusade should be sent to the Near East to aid the Byzantines and recover Jerusalem. The resulting crusade recovered the cities and surrounding regions of Edessa, Tarsus, Antioch, Tripoli, and Jerusalem. Later reinforcements in 1101 would help to take the rest of the Levantine coastline from Gaza to Armenian Cilicia. Later crusades expanded beyond the Levant. Richard Coer de Leon of England captured Cyprus in 1189 from the Greeks. The Fourth Crusade was originally meant for Jerusalem but became sidetracked so that it lead to the sack of Byzantium, and with it that conquest of western Anatolia, Crete, and Greece by the Crusaders. The fifth and seventh crusades were in Egypt, along the Nile Valley. The Eighth and final crusade ended at Tunis in northern Africa.
Asked in Christianity, Jerusalem, Crusades
Why should the Christians get Jerusalem during the Crusades?
There is a common misconception as to the crusades which consider them an expedition of conquest comparable to 19th century colonialism. Before the rise of Islam, Jerusalem was a Christian city, part of the Eastern Roman Empire, the Muslims later conquered it. The first Crusade began when the Eastern emperor asked pope blessed Urban II for help against the onslaught of the Seljuk Turks. It was, then a defensive war, and the conquest of Jerusalem was, in truth a reconquest of Jerusalem for christendom.
Asked in War and Military History, Crusades
Were Children were sold into slavery at the port of Marseille during the Second Crusade?
What did pope promise those fighting in the crusades?
Asked in Renaissance, Middle Ages, Crusades
Why was the crusades called successful failures?
The crusades were often known as a "successful failure" because they discovered new foods like apricots, rice and sugar. They also discovered new ideas like chess, pain killing medicine, algebra, chemistry and the color scarlet. Another thing is that they discovered house hold products like carpets, mirrors, writing paper and mattresses. The Crusades were a failure because they had the holy land: Jerusalem and then lost it about 100 years later to the Muslims. For the Christians, only the First Crusade was successful, as they managed to claim the holy Land. However, this was soon reclaimed by the Muslims and the next six-seven Crusades were the Christians trying to, unsuccessfully, claim back the land. The Crusades were holy wars fought between Christians in Europe and Muslims in the Middle East between 1095 and 1291.
Asked in Computer History
What is the name of first programmable electronic digital computer?
Asked in Ancient History
How did the third crusade affect the rest of the world?
Asked in Popes
Why was Pope Urban ll important?
Roman Catholic Answer Pope Urban II started one of the first crusades to liberate the Holy Land. One of the reasons he is so well know now is that all of the reports about his crusade, all of which were written much later, had him saying that the crusaders should destroy the "vile race" that was occupying the Holy Land. There is no actual evidence that he ever said such things. See the accompanying article below:
What advanced civilizations existed around the first crusade?
Probably the most advanced civilizations at that time were in China and India (the Incan, Aztec, and Mayan civilizations in the "New World" were probably also in this category at that time but are harder to compare and rank), but Europeans knew nothing of them. The next most advanced civilization at that time was the Islamic Arabians in the Middle East that the Europeans tried fighting to "rescue" the small remnant Jerusalem church from Islamic persecution. The Europeans really understood nothing of the issues between the Jerusalem church and the Arabs when they committed to this ridiculous "crusade" (and later crusades were even more ridiculous and nonsensical).