The first colonists to settle in Australia were a mixture of over 700 convicts sent from Britain, and the officers sent to oversee the new colony, under the command of Governor Arthur Phillip. There were also many marines, some of whom brought their wives and children.
The indigenous Aborigines were the first to settle in Australia, but they did not "settle Australia" in the sense of building cities and actively seeking to trade with other nations.The first people to officially settle Australia were convicts sent from Britain, and the officers sent to oversee the new colony. Governor Arthur Phillip was the first Governor of New South Wales (Australia).Having said that, however, there is some evidence that the first unofficial European settlers were survivors of Dutch shipwrecks off the western coast of the continent, a region renowned for shipwrecks in the 1600s - again, they settled in Australia but did not settle Australia.
The First Fleet represents the official beginning of white settlement in Australia. It was the first group of European colonists to settle in New South Wales, Australia, and refers to the first fleet of eleven ships which arrived in Australia in January 1788, carrying convicts, officers, marines and their families. Led by Captain Arthur Phillip, they arrived at Port Jackson, now known as Sydney, New South Wales, to establish a colony.
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