The conditions were really tough for both the Japanese and the Australian army. That had to climb through thick, waist deep mud, climb high mountains, walk through razor sharp kunai grass and walk along the narrow dirt tracks. The fought day and night putting up with the cold wet rainfall especially the cold nights.
The men of the Australian Army were veterans of fighting in the New Guinea Campaign.
The Australian soldiers won the battle of kokoda
They were busy fighting and surviving - there was no time for entertainment.
In the battle of Kokoda, the Australians fought in harsh conditions along the Kokoda Track. They fought the Japanese at Eora Creek, TempletonÕs Crossing, Efogi, Mission Ridge and Ioribaiwa. By mid-September, the Japanese withdrew from the Kokoda Track, defeated and depleted of supplies.
To stop the approaching Japanese armies, kokoda is right next to the cape york peninsula, a few hundred kilometres away, The Japanese wished to press further south past kokoda in order to capture ports and set up airbases to bombard the Australian coast and possibly support an invasion of Australia. In the end Australian soldiers were on the Kokoda Track to prevent the Japanese advance which they succeeded in doing after months of fighting
The Kokoda Track Campaign was one of the Australian Army's toughest campaigns of the war. As it was in the tropical environment of Papua, malaria, dysentery, and other tropical diseases were always a risk. An estimated 4,000 soldiers of the Australian Army alone are listed as casualties from illness.
The Papua New Guinea Natives
They probably slept where they could off the trail .
The Japanese started moving south from Buna towards Port Moresby along the Kokoda Trail against Australian defenses starting around July 21, 1942. Google: Kokoda Trail
The 7th Australian Division, and a Japanese force equivalent to two regiments.
The soldiers fighting against the Japanese on the Kokoda Trail were given invaluable help by the native Papua New Guineans, who were affectionately known as the "Fuzzy Wuzzy Angels".
An Australian force was established from 6th Division to protect Port Moresby from a Japanes attempt to capture it.
Japan sent a small force from New Guinea south from New Guinea into Papua. This was intercepted at Kokoda by an Australian battalion, which was progressively reinforces. The Japanese broke through and the Australians made a fighting withdrawal to Iorabaiwa Ridge, at which stage the Japanese ran low on food and ammunition and conducted a fighting withdrawal back up the Kokoda Track through Kokoda and back to the New Guinea north coast.
The Australian Army.
The war was World War 2. Australia was involved because Papua New Guinea was a territory of Australia, and it had the responsibility to defend it. A small Japanese force moved from New Guinea towards Port Moresby and an Australian force moved north to oppose it at Kokoda, then fighting a defensive withdrawal to Iorabaiwa, then being reinforced and driving the Japanese back again through Kokoda to pin them against the north coast.
During the Kokoda campaign, the Japanese were successful in making an attack on the Australian home front. The Australians were forced to retreat and were left were running low on supplies and disease reduced their fighting ability. Later on, the American fought along side of the Australians and defeated the Japanese.
See the Web Links to the left for information on Kokoda conditions. On the one titled 'Kokoda Trail I,' don't miss a second link they have to 'Kokoda Track II'.
The Japanese attempted to drive down the Kokoda Track to take Port Moresby. Australian forces resisted.
The Australian soldiers won the Battle for Kokoda. There are a few different dates for the exact victory; some sources say the 18th of November, some the 22nd of January. One source says that the Australians forced the Japanese back almost the the water.
It focused the Australian Army's attention on fighting in the tropics as opposed to desert warfare in the Middle East, and the Navy on operating with the US Navy.
Like all good soldiers they adapted themselves to it.