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Buna, a village on the coastal plain of northern Papua, was the main base for the Japanese advance along the Kokoda Trail. The first Japanese landings in the area occurred at Gona, east of Buna, on 21 July 1941 and Buna was later occupied by troops on foot. Large scale landings subsequently occurred at Buna on 21 August. The Japanese presence forstalled the Allies' own plans to develop a base at Buna. From west to east, the Buna area encompassed Buna village, Buna Government Station, and, several kilometres to the east, two airstrips - "old" and "new". Major fighting did not occur at Buna until after the Japanese had advanced and then retreated along the Kokoda Trail. American troops of the 32nd Division initially closed on Buna in November 1942 - one infantry regiment attacked towards the village from the south, while another advanced on the airstrips from the east. A combination of inexperience and poor leadership, however, meant they made little progress against the well-sited and heavily fortified bunkers with which the Japanese defended it. The 18th Australian Brigade, command by Brigadier George Wootten, and a squadron of tanks from the 2/6th Australian Armoured Regiment were moved up from Milne Bay in mid-December to reinforce the Americans. By this time, Buna village had been captured but the Japanese remained well-entrenched around the airfields and the government station. The 18th Brigade's first attack was launched in the airfield area by the 2/9th and 2/10th Battalions on the morning of 18 December. Despite the support of the tanks, the fighting was slow and vicious, with the Japanese bunkers having to be destroyed one by one. By 23rd December this phase of the operations had achieved its objective of clearing the area between the airfields and the coast, and it was now time to tackle the core of Japanese resistance - the positions around the western end of the old strip. The 2/10th Battalion made a series of attacks along the old strip between 24 and 29 December but few gains were made. The four tanks that initially accompanied the battalion were quickly destroyed, leaving the infantry to tackle the bunkers with only the most minimal artillery support. Brigadier Wootten's impatience to make progress meant the 2/10th was bustled into poorly planned and co-ordinated attacks and heavy casualties were the result. When more tanks began arriving on 29 December another attack was rushed through, with the same disasterous results. Victory at Buna, only came with a pause in operations to allow proper planning, the reinforcement of the tanks, and the replacement of the tired and depleted 2/10th by the fresh 2/12th Battalion. They attacked on the morning of 1 January and, with the tanks and infantry co-operating closely, destroyed the bulk of the Japanese positions before nightfall. The destruction of isolated points of resistance continued the next day. In the meantime, American troops had also been attacking east from Buna village and secured the Buna Government Station, and effected a junction with the force moving west form the old strip on 2 January. The battle for Buna cost the Allied forces 2,870 casualties; the 18th Brigade had lost 863, including 306 killed. Close to 1,400 Japanese dead were countered, although their casualtiy toll was probably much higher when those killed or buried alive in destroyed bunkers are considered.

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โˆ™ 2007-02-22 14:48:04
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Q: What were the results of the Kokoda Campaign?
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Related questions

When did the kokoda campaign happen?

Kokoda Campaign Happened in 1942

What caused the Kokoda Campaign?

The Kokoda Campaign occurred during World War II. The Kokoda Campaign was caused by Japanese troops attempting to invade Port Moresby.

When did the kokoda war start and finish?

The Kokoda campaign lasted from July 21st to November 16th, 1942. The Kokoda campaign occurred during World War II.

Why did the kokoda campaign happen?

The Kokoda campaign happened because the Japanese were trying to take Port Moresby to isolate Australia from the United States. This campaign lasted from July until November of 1942.

What was the battle of kokoda?

The Kokoda Trail Campaign or Kokoda Track Campaign ,located in Papua , New Guinea , was a series of battles fought between July and November 1942 between Japanese and mostly Australian combatants .

What did the public think of the kokoda campaign?

Most people refer to it as the New Guinea Campaign.

How long did the kokoda campaign last?

It started from "A" to "Z"

What were the reasons for the Kokoda Campaign?

the main purpose of the kokoda campaign was to stop the Japanese from invading Australia. If the Japanese overtook Port Morseby, they would be close enough to easily invade Australia.

How long did the battle at Kokoda last for?

the kokoda battle/campaign lasted just over 9 months in 1942 - 1943

In which war did the Battle of Kokoda occur?

The Kokoda Track campaign occurred during WW2 ~ see related link below .

What day did the Kokoda campaign end?

1st November 1942

Which countries were involved in the kokoda trail campaign?

becuase they suck

How long did the Kokoda Track campaign go for?

Eight months.

When did the Kokoda battle end?

'The Kokoda campaign ended in January 1943.' Umm WRONG!!.. It was 1st of November 1942..

What weapons were used in the Kokoda Track campaign?

Australians: Lee Enfield

Number of Japanese soldiers in kokoda campaign?

josh muscat again

Who was involved in the Kokoda Track campaign?

The Kokoda Track campaign was a series of battles that took place during WW2. The battles were fought between Australia and the United States on one side, and the Empire of Japan on the other.

What alliances did Australia form through the kokoda campaign?

Australia had no allies helping her during the Kokoda Campaign. Britain deserted us, New Zealand, sent only a few men, and America was ignoring our cries for help.

When did the battle of kokoda start?

The first battle of Kokoda occurred on July 23, 1942. The second battle began on August , 1942. The entire Kokoda Track campaign lasted from July 21st to November 16th.

When did the battle for the kokoda trail occur?

See New Guinea Campaign, WW2.

How did the kokoda campaign end?

it ended ultimately with the australians defeating the Japanese army there

When did the Kokoda campaign finish?

The Japanese force was driven back to New Guinea.

Why the Australians were fighting in the Kokoda campaign?

To prevent the Japanese capturing Port Moresby.

What helped the Australians win the Kokoda Track campaign?

Superior numbers, supply and support.

Why was the kokoda track and important turning point in the war for Australia?

The Kokoda Campaign was where tens of thousands of Australians fought and died to defend Australia against the onslaught of the Japanese invasion.