No it will not.
No, it would cause the engine to run poorly but not to seize. Lack of lubrication or overheating will cause that. Also a broken part, as in a rod, will cause it to seize.
yes this will cause engine to run hot
water pump, oil, water, engine coolant....main cause would be engine coolant, just check to see if you have a leak.
incomplete combustion of fuel
Flooring the gas petal.
simply having a blown fuse would not cause the engine to run hot. But, it depends on what fuse is blown. a fuse blown for the cooling fans would make it run hot.
If the cat was totally blocked, the engine may start and run briefly for a few seconds. If the cat was partially blocked the engine would run but lack serious power.
No. It either worked to start or it didn't.
Only if you run it out of oil. Otherwise no.