When does a social difference become social division?
When different social differences overlap, one particular social difference gains in prominence. This leads to the creation of social division and tension. For example, in Northern Ireland, the social differences of class and religion overlap each other. The catholics are usually the ones who are poor, while the protestants are the ones who are well off. The religious differences are accentuated by this overlap. As a result, there are conflicts between the two religious groups.
In other words, a social difference becomes a social division when it coincides with other social differences, which in turn serve to heighten the said difference.
What is meant by social division of labor explain with the help of examples how social division of labor creates conditions for exchange?
Social division of labor is an aspect of division of labor. It shows the social structure of the technical division of tasks, between firms and workers, or between countries or towns, and focuses on exchange markets. A prime example is one where one town is better equipped for creating food, but another is better suited for creating clothes. As these two towns specialize through social division of labor, they find it beneficial to exchange.
Case workers can't do psycho therapy where as social workers can. To be a case worker, all you need is a bachelor's degree. To become a social worker you need a master's degree. In order to become a licensed social worker, you need to have your master degree. Case workers typically only do advocacy and help clients find resources.
The difference is the level of education. You can become a counselor several ways. For example, you can get a masters degree in social work and be a licensed clinical social worker, or get a masters degree in pastoral counseling or school counseling. A psychologist has a PhD. FYI, a psychiatrist is an MD.