on reentry the space shuttle Columbia burned up.
It was the Columbia, the first of the shuttle fleet to be built and which made it's maiden flight in May 1981. The disaster was caused by heat-resistant blocks flying off during re-entry and damaging the wings.
The shuttle comes in at around 16 - 17,000 miles / hour
About 47,000 K
Space Shuttle Challenger failed during launch. Space Shuttle Columbia failed during reentry.
nothing. it blew up in reentry.
Challenger was destroyed 73 seconds into flight on January 28, 1986 Columbia was destroyed during reentry on February 1, 2003
Only one space shuttle exploded during takeoff. That shuttle was the Challenger, which exploded on January 28, 1986. The only other space shuttle to be destroyed was the Columbia, which disintegrated on reentry on February 1, 2003.