Which telescope must be mounted high to study the stars?
They all could benefit from higher altitude. The higher up you go, the thinner the atmosphere. The thinner the atmosphere, the clearer the view through the telescope. This is why space born telescopes produce such stunningly clear images.
What telescope must be mounted on high-flying aircraft or a satellite to be useful in studying the stars?
Values change, but.... With the naked eye about 133 stars are visible within 50 light years. With a telescope the value increases to about 2,000 stars. These values are only for visible stars, there is a high probability that there are brown dwarfs and cooler red dwarfs that have not yet been detected.
A gamma telescope is like any other telescope except unlike the traditional telescope that detects visible light, it detects gamma rays, high energy electromagnetic waves with much shorter wavelenghts which are invisible to the human eye. Gamma rays because of their high energy nature are rare and created in high energy astrophysics such as supernova. Swift combines a gamma ray telescope with an X-ray telescope and UV telescopes to detect high energy events and their…
Hubble telescope is one of the most successful projects undertaken by scientists. The telescope has provided us with some amazing picture of planets, stars and even the galaxies. The high quality images and the data sent by the telescope have helped us to understand black holes, gamma ray explosions, solar flares and tons of other phenomenons.