Who are the Ancients?

It may not be possible to give a complete answer, without understanding the context from which it was asked. However, scholars commonly refer to early people as "ancients", particularly when their ethnic or religious background is not relevant to the text. For example, in a discussion on creation, it may be said that the ancients did not believe in creation ex nihilo (out of nothing). This was true of the ancient Jews, early Christians and the pagans, but the use of one word implies all of them.