Who has the ability to perform a specialized task that involves a certain method or process?
Aptitude refers to an individual's ability to learn or perform certain skills. Aptitude tests refer to standardized tests designed to measure an individual's ability to develop certain skills. Studies have applied tests of psychomotor ability, cognitive knowledge, and personality and attempted to relate them to measures of surgical skill.Skill is the ability to perform a given act with ease and precision.
Well, one could look at as all the parts of an engine having a specialized task to perform for the engine to function. In much the same way, cell respiration has a 3 step process that it uses to perform specialized tasks and breakdown of enzymes and glucose that it uses to function. Furthermore, certain parts of an engine require certain things- just like the Krebs cycle and the electron transport system both require oxygen.
Through what process do cells become specialized so they can perform specific functions within organisms?
the advantage of having specialized cells is that the cells can perform special tasks that cannot be perform by other normal cells. They are more efficient than non-specialized cells. Although the disadvantage of having specialized cells is that they cannot carry out other duties for example the red blood cells cannot carry oxygen and can't divide either.