Adolf Hitler

Who tried to assassinate Adolf Hitler?

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2013-09-17 18:44:28

Johann Georg Elser's solo attempt at the Burgerbrau Beer Cellar

in Munich on 8 November 1939 came close with the bomb going off on

time. Hitler had left the beer hall where he had been speaking just

ten minutes earlier. Elser almost lived the war out. He was shot

two weeks before on 9 April 1945. Several other plots were laid out

late in the war. Captain Eberhard von Brittenbuch got close with a

gun at the Berghof, Colonel Gertsdorf with a bomb and Captain von

Bussche and Ewald Kliest had their plots foiled. Lt Colonel Count

von Stauffenberg had two foilded attempts before his bomb almost

got Hitler on 20 July 1944 at Rastenburg.

There were other failed plots but Adolf Hitler led a charmed

life.

Since 1938 there were people and groups who tried to assassinate

Hitler. Some of the early leaders of these groups included

Brigadier-General Hans Oster, General Ludwig Beck and Field Marshal

Erwin von Witzleben. In 1938 and 1939 there were different plans to

overthrow Hitler, but all of them were aborted due to indecision.

In 1941 a new group led by Colonel Henning von Tresckow and Fedor

von Bock were formed with the aim of resisting Hitler. During 1942

they were successful in building a strong resistance network. In

late 1942 they formulated a plan to assassinate Hitler by planting

a bomb on his plane. This was done but the bomb failed to detonate

while in the air, most likely to due it being too cold so high up

in the air. There was a second attempt a week later at an

exhibition which Hitler attended, but this also failed. In 1943,

Lieutenant Colonel Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg joined this

resistance group. A new plan, which came to be called Operation

Walkure (Valkyrie) were then formulated in 1943, which was an

operational plan in the event of Allied bombing of German cities.

During 1943 and 1944 there were at least four failed attempts to

kill Hitler, all organized by Henning von Tresckow and von

Stauffenberg. Hitler also no longer appeared in public and was

heavily guarded, making it difficult to carry out their plots. The

Gestapo was also becoming increasingly suspicious of plots against

Hitler. Then in 1944 a new plot to kill Hitler was planned. Von

Stauffenberg was to assassinate Hitler. He was going to plant a

briefcase with a bomb in Hitler's conference room with a rimer

running and then he will excuse himself and wait for the explosion

and then fly to Berlin. This was to take place on 15 July but was

called off at the last moment, as Hitler left the conference room

early. Then on 20 July von Stauffenberg attended another conference

with the briefcase and the bomb. At around 12:30 the conference

began and shortly afterwards Stauffenberg excused himself. Between

12:40 and 12:50 the bomb detonated. Four people were killed, but

Hitler survived, although he was injured. The aftermath of this was

that about 5 000 people were arrested and 200 were executed,

including von Stauffenberg. Many who were involved in the plot also

committed suicide.


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