Anne Boleyn

Who was Anne Boleyn?

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2017-08-29 01:13:22

Anne Boleyn was the daughter of Sir Thomas Boleyn and his wife,

Lady Elizabeth. She was the niece of the Duke of Norfolk and part

of the great Howard clan on her mother's side (she was the cousin

of Henry's fifth wife, Catherine Howard). Anne's elder sister,

Mary, was the mistress of Henry VIII and most likely the mother of

two of his children. Anne was the reason and motivation of the

break with Rome and the establishment of the Church of England. At

points in her life she was a lady-in-waiting to Margaret of

Austria, Mary Tudor, the Duchess of Suffolk and Katherine of

Aragon. Anne was a great lady in her own right being the Marquess

of Pembroke. Her ancestors include Thomas Howard, earl of Surrey,

the daughter and heiress of Lord Thomas Hoo, Margaret Butler,

co-heiress of the Earl of Ormonde. Anne Boleyn was the last of

Henry's wives to be coroneted as Queen of England. == Anne Boleyn

was the second wife of King Henry VIII, and the mother of Queen

Elizabeth I. She was executed on false charges of adultery that the

King had put against her so he could remarry Anne was not able to

give him a son due to Henry's impotency not to any fault of her

own. Anne promised King Henry a son and failed to give him one, so

she was disposed of. Out of Henry's six wives, his third wife, Jane

Seymour was the only one to give him a son. (One who would die just

before his sixteenth birthday) Jane died of puerperal fever, twelve

days (just one more than the eleven days that Henry and Jane waited

to marry after Anne Boleyn's execution) after the birth of Edward

VI. It is rumoured that King Henry said Anne Boleyn's name just

before he died; she was probably his only true love. 2nd wife of

Henry VIII. Mother of Queen Elizabeth I. Executed in the Tower of

London in 1536. Jane Seymour's son became King Edward VI. Anne

Boleyn was the second wife of King Henry VIII of England, and was

executed on trumped up charges in order to make way for the third

wife.

Second wife of Henry VIII and the first one beheaded.

Anne Boleyn was the second wife of King Henry VIII of England.

Henry renounced Catholicism and divorced his first wife, Catherine

of Aragon, in order to marry Anne. He beheaded her after a couple

of years (a thousand days, to be precise).

Anne Boleyn was the second wife of Henry VIII of England. She was

born either in 1501 or 1507 (1501 seems the more likely). She was

brought up at the courts of Margaret of Austria in the Netherlands

and Louis XII of France.

Her father was Thomas Boleyn, and her mother was Elizabeth

Howard, the sister of the third Duke of Norfolk, and the daughter

of the 2nd Duke. She had one surviving sister, Mary, who was the

mistress of both Francis I of France and Henry VIII of England, and

one surviving brother, George. George later married Jane Parker,

the daughter of Lord Morley. Mary married twice, to William Carey,

who died of the sweating sickness in 1528, and William Stafford,

whom she married in secret.

On her return to England, she was supposedly involved with Henry

Percy, the heir to the Earl of Northumberland, and Thomas Wyatt,

the famous poet. Her father was involved in negotiations to marry

her to Piers Butler, the heir to the Earl of Ormonde, though these

plans came to nothing. She became involved with Henry VIII around

1525 or 1526.

During this time, Henry VIII was petitioning the Pope for a

divorce from his first wife, Katherine of Aragon, as he believed he

was married to his brother's wife. Henry wanted to marry Anne

Boleyn instead, and hopefully get a son by her. Anne was supposedly

involved in the fall of Henry's chief advisor, Cardinal Thomas

Wolsey, and the rise of his replacement, Thomas Cromwell.

Henry VIII broke away from the Roman Catholic Church in order to

marry Anne. The French alliance was cemented in October 1532 when

Henry and Anne visited Francis I at the French court. This gave

their forthcoming marriage the necessary political approval. Before

going to France, however, Anne had been made Marquess of Pembroke

in her own right. This was to give her status in France to put her

on a more equal stage with both Henry and Francis.

Anne became pregnant towards the end of 1532, and she and Henry

were married sometime in January 1533 (the exact date is a subject

for debate, and some people even believe they were married while in

France). Anne's coronation was held on 1st June 1533 at Westminster

Abbey, and it was designed to outdo Katherine of Aragon's from

1509. Henry needed his people to know that Anne was the true queen

and her future children were the heirs to the English throne. Henry

was devastated when Anne gave birth to a daughter, Elizabeth, in

September 1533. She wouldn't bear another live child.

Anne definitely miscarried at least once in 1534 and 1535, more

likely twice, and Henry turned his attention to others. It is said

he was unfaithful to her just a few months into their marriage, and

that Anne conspired to have the woman sent away from court. The

most dangerous relationship to Anne was Henry's with Jane Seymour,

who would in fact replace Anne as Queen of England. This

relationship is rumoured to have begun towards the end of 1535 when

Anne was pregnant for the final time.

The death of Katherine of Aragon in January 1536 meant that Anne

should have been no longer contested as Queen. However, she

"miscarried of her saviour" (a baby boy, around 3 1/2 months

gestation according to Eustace Chapuys, the Imperial Ambassador at

the time) on the same day that Katherine of Aragon was buried at

Peterborough Cathedral. She blamed it on a fall Henry had from his

horse the week before, and also that it pained her so much to see

that he loved another (i.e. Jane Seymour).

Just over three months later Anne was arrested on trumped up

charges of adultery, incest and treason. Four months later she was

dead. Anne was accused of sexual relations with her brother,

George, a musician, Mark Smeaton, and several courtiers - William

Brereton, Francis Weston and Henry Norris. It was rumoured that

Smeaton had been tortured into giving a confession which also

implicated the others. Thomas Wyatt, and another courtier, Richard

Page, were also arrested but never charged or tried.

Anne, her brother, and the four others were all tried and found

guilty and sentenced to death. The men died on 15th May 1536. Anne

on the 19th May 1536. She was the first execution to happen within

the walls of the Tower of London, and she was buried with her

brother in the Chapel of St Peter ad Vincula within the Tower

grounds.

Just seven years later she would be joined by her cousin,

Katherine Howard, Henry VIII's fifth queen, also accused of

adultery and executed, along with Anne's sister-in-law, Jane Boleyn

nee Parker, Lady Rochford.

Anne Boleyn was the second wife of King Henry VIII.

She was the daughter of a minor nobleman, Sir Thomas Boleyn

(Grandson of a merchant) and Lady Elizabeth Howard, daughter of the

2nd duke of Norfolk, and she was therefore the sister of Thomas

Howard, 3rd duke of Norfolk, who was one of the most powerful men

in the country after the king.

Anne Boleyn served as a lady-in-waiting to Queen Claude of

France, and became lady-in-waiting to Henry VIII's first wife

Catherine of Aragon. Catherine had suffered many miscarriages and

Henry wanted a new wife to give him a son.

Henry soon fell in love with Anne but she refused to be his

mistress, and he was determined to marry her, so he broke with the

pope in Rome, and started the church of England, with himself as

the head. With a new church, he was able to marry Anne. Anne soon

gave him a baby girl, the princess Elizabeth, but suffered many

miscarriages following that. Anne was short tempered and argued

with Henry many times.

Soon, Henry fell in love with Anne's lady in waiting Jane

Seymour. Henry called on his chief minister, Thomas Cromwell, to

hatch a plot to get rid of Anne. Anne was accused of adultery with

4 different men, incest with her own brother, plotting to kill the

king, plotting to poison the princess Mary, and of using witchcraft

to enchant the king. Anne and her brother were accused of laughing

at the king's clothes, as they were more stylish than Henry, and

making fun of Henry's poetry. Her 'lovers' were beheaded on 17th

may, and Anne beheaded on the 19th May at the tower of London. All

historians now agree that Anne and the men were innocent.

Anne Boleyn was the second wife of King Henry VIII of England, well

known for being the first wife of Henry to be executed by beheading

in the Tower of London, as well as for being the mother of Queen

Elizabeth I. The English Reformation, involving Henry's separating

the Church of England from Rome, was a direct result of Henry's

marriage to Anne. Songs and stories about her execution and alleged

ghostly haunting of both the Tower and other locales are well known

in English and American folklore.

Anne Boleyn came from a noble family. She was the daughter of

Thomas Boleyn, the 1st Earl of Wiltshire and his wife, Elizabeth

Boleyn, Countess of Wiltshire. It should be noted that Elizabeth

Boleyn was the daughter of Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk. This

made Anne the first cousin of Catherine Howard, Henry VIII's 5th

wife - who happened to be the only other wife of Henry VIII

sentenced to death, also by beheading.

The date of Anne Boleyn's birth, as well as that of her other

siblings, has never been determined. Most scholars believe, though,

that it probably occurred in either 1501 or 1507. It is generally

accepted that her sister, Mary, was the older of the two. Mary

Boleyn had been a mistress of Henry VIII prior to his meeting Anne.

Mary also married earlier, being the custom of the time to marry

elder daughters prior to the younger ones. They also had a brother,

George Boleyn, who would have been born around 1504.

Anne's father, Thomas, was a gifted diplomat who had endeared

himself to many other heads of state. It is perhaps through his

good reputation that he was able to get for her an education in the

Netherlands, help her become the regent to Margaret of Austria,

Duchess of Savoy and eventually secure for Anne a position as Maid

of Honour to Claude of France. It should be mentioned that Margaret

of Austria was extremely impressed with Anne and asked Anne to be

part of her household. Anne was well liked in the Netherlands,

Austria and France.

In 1522 while in France, Anne returned from England in order to

marry her Irish cousin, James Butler, 9th Early of Ormond. However,

those marriage plans failed and she was able to get a post as Maid

of Honour to Henry VIII's Queen consort, Catherine of Aragon.

In 1525, Henry had noticed Anne and started actively courting

her. She refused his attempts as she had no intention of becoming

his mistress, as her older sister Mary had done. It became apparent

to Henry that the only way to get Anne - and a male heir to his

throne - would be to annul his marriage to Catherine so he would be

able to marry Anne. When Pope Clement VII refused to annul the

marriage, Henry and Anne proceeded to marry on January 25th, 1533.

On May 23, 1533, the Boleyn's family chaplain declared that Henry's

marriage to Catherine was null and void. Five days later he

declared Henry's marriage to Anne was good and valid. This resulted

in Henry's excommunication from Rome. One September 7th, Anne gave

birth to Elizabeth, who would later become Elizabeth I of

England.

Elizabeth's birth did not initially create a problem for Henry.

He insisted that he loved her like a son and was certain other sons

would follow. Unfortunately for Anne, three miscarriages followed

and by March of 1536, Henry was courting Jane Seymour, a woman who

had been a Maid of Honour to both Catherine and Anne. Jane was also

Anne's half second cousin, sharing a great grandmother while

additionally being Henry's fifth cousin three times removed.

In order to marry Jane, Henry had Anne investigated for high

treason. On May 2nd, 1536, Anne was sent to the Tower of London. On

May15th, she was found guilty of high treason with charges

including adultery and incest. May 19th saw her executed by

beheading. She had been queen less than three years.

Her daughter Elizabeth would later become Elizabeth I of

England, ushering in what many would consider to be England's

Golden Age. As queen, Elizabeth had her mother venerated as a

martyr and a heroine of the English Reformation.

To this day, though, certain slanders still exist about Anne

Boleyn, many of which are mistakenly repeated in history books and

textbooks. For example, it has often been repeated that Anne had

six fingers on one hand, jaundiced complexion and an extended tooth

under her upper lip, among other physical deformities. These words,

however, were penned by a Catholic propagandist, who was opposed to

the English Reformation and a half a century after Anne's death.

Her contemporaries felt quite differently. Lancelot de Carles

called her "beautiful with an elegant figure." Other contemporaries

wrote of her being "young, good-looking, of a rather dark

complexion." It is accepted that Anne exerted a rather powerful

charm over those who met her. Even those who found her appearance

too dark and tall reported the beauty of her black eyes.


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