Who was the first person named a Doctor of the Church?
The following were all named Doctors of the Church in the year 1298:
St. Gregory the Great
Most diseases are named for the first person, or for the most notable or well known person to be diagnosed with this disease, or for the doctor who first identified it. So "Lou Gehrig's Disease", in the USA, was named for the famous baseball player who suffered it. In Britain, it is called "Motor Neuron Disease", and this is the same thing that Stephen Hawking has. Alzheimer's Disease was named for Dr. Alois Alzheimer, the…
St. Therese of the Child Jese, also known as St. Therese of Lisieux or "the Little Flower". Pope John Paul II named her the 33rd Doctor of the Church in 1998. This was in recognition of the great value of her theology of "the little way", that of carrying out the small details of our lives with great love of God. This theology of the little way was one of great relevance for our time…
Catholic Answer St. Teresa of Avila was the first woman named a doctor of the Church. The title was given to her for her outstanding teaching she left us in her writings on the mystical life (the steps of meditation and contemplation leading to union with God). Her name is actually St. Teresa of Jesus, for a more complete discussion, see the link below, or pick up one of her books. To be a doctor…
No, the word autism is not capitalized. If it were named after a person, it would be capitalized. One of the first persons to study autism was Kanner, so sometimes there are references to "Kanner's autism", where Kanner is capitalized. Similarly, "Asperger's Syndrome", an autism spectrum disorder that is named after another doctor who studied autism, has Asperger's capitalized because it is the name of a person.
A Cathedral. The term "church" also refers to a group of people professing to hold the same beliefs, not a building, so if this is what the question is asking, in the United States, a Catholic bishops church would be a diocese or archdiocese. A 'church' should be "called" or named after the person who started it, or after the person whose doctrine it is really teaching.