A it was Henry VIII and B it was Pope Clement VII who annulled the marriage between Henry and Catherine of Aragon.
Edit: It was Henry VIII, and Pope Clement VII, but... the Pope refused to annul the marriage between Catherine of Aragon and Henry VIII.
Originally Catherine had been betrothed to Arthur, Henry's older brother, but Arthur died before he became King. Henry VII (Arthur and Henry-to-be-VIII 's father) then paid the Pope (the one before Clement VII) a lot of money to say that Henry could marry Catherine, despite The Bible saying that it was illegal to marry your dead brother's wife. This rule was bent by Catherine swearing on the Bible, that she had not 'consummated' the marriage, which means she had not had intercourse with Arthur following the ceremony.
So Catherine married Henry, and he was crowned King Henry VIII.
However, the role of the King is to produce an heir (and a spare male in case the crown prince dies), and none of Catherine's boys survived! Only one child, a girl, survived- Princess Mary.
Meanwhile, Ann Boleyn sashays onto the scene- the long and the short of it is that Henry decides he wants her as his wife instead of Catherine, who is fast becoming too old for child bearing, and Ann Boleyn is young and pregnant.
So Henry writes to the Pope to ask him to annul the marriage between him and Catherine, saying that she had lied when she had said she had not had intercourse with Arthur, which is why only one of her children had survived.
Unfortunately for Henry, Catherine of Aragon's nephew, Charles V of Spain, the Holy Roman Emperor, had been warring with the Papal states- and had Pope Clement VII under house arrest! The pope was therefore unlikely to want to grant Henry this annulment!
A further reason for Clement's reluctance was that the Pope was meant to be infalliable- meaning, never wrong. If he said that Catherine had lied, and Henry's marriage to her should never have happened (therefore giving an annulment), the Pope would be admitting that the previous Pope had been wrong to grant the marriage. Which goes against their rules of infalliability.
Pope Clement VII
When Pope Clement VII refused to annul Henry VIII's marriage, he broke from the Roman Catholic Church and established the Anglican (aka, Episcopal) Church.
He was very angry, He lost his temper and made himself the head of the church of England, and shut down all of the monastaries in England. The pope was really angry with Henry VIII.
Henry VIII. The Pope refused, so Henry made his own Church; the Church of England, and made himself the leader of it, allowing him to annul marriages whenever he liked. This eventually led to the Reformation in England
Henry VIII of England wanted the Pope to annul his marriage to Catherine of Aragon. The Pope refused to do so, possibly because of pressure from Catherine's nephew, Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire.
King Henry VIII Henry the VIII, because the Pope wouldn't annul his first marriage.
Henry declared himself head of the Church of England and then granted himself a divorce.
Henry VIII denounced Catholicism and broke away from Rome because the Pope refused to annul his marriage to Catherine of Aragon. Henry therefore founded his own church and divorced her.
Henry was married to Catherine of Aragon but she had failed to produce a male heir to the throne. Henry wanted to either annul the marriage or divorce her so he could marry another. The pope refused to allow him to either annul the marriage or divorce Catherine so Henry broke with the Catholic Church and formed the Church of England with himself as the head. He granted himself a divorce.
Henry VIII became Head of the English Catholic Church in 1534, or somewhere around that time. When the Pope refused to let him divorce (or annul as the English called it) Catherine of Aragon, he declared himself head of the English church, permitting him to annul his marriage to Catherine of Aragon.
Henry VIII founded the church of England in 1534 after he broke away from the Catholic Church. Henry wanted to annul his marriage to Catherine of Aragon but the Pope refused. Therefore Henry denounced Catholicism and passed the Act of Supremacy in 1534 CE.
He refused to let Henry VIII have an annullment to his marriage to Catherine of Aragon.
When my divorced Catholic friend wished to remarry, she had to write to the pope asking him to annul her first marriage.He wanted to annul the marriage after she cheated on him with the hockey team.
The Church of England was formed in the sixteenth century by Henry VIII, after the Pope declined to annul his marriage to Catherine of Aragon.
He did not like the Pope because he did not grant his wish to annul their marriage with Queen Catherine.Afterward,Henry VIII made the church of England without the power of Rome.He was the head of this religion not anymore the Pope.because the pope wouldn't let him divorce his first wife?
Henry VIII broke away from the Catholic church and founded the Church of England in 1534 because the pope refused to annul his marriage to Catherine of Aragon. He wanted to marry Anne Boleyn because she was pregnant with his child and could only do that by founding the Church of England.
Essentially, King Henry VIII, when Pope Clement VII refused to annul his marriage to Catherine of Aragon. Although, Thomas Cromwell and Thomas Cranmer (the eventual Archbishop of Canterbury) had a hand in the opening shots of the English Reformation, and separation from the Catholic Church.
for being unfaitful- Incorrect. The marriage ended when Henry had the marriage declared invalid The Pope refused to have the marriage annulled. AND Catherine did not accept that her marriage was declared invalid, Because she did not recognized Henry's authority to do so.
He seems best know for his attempts to divorce his first wife In Henry's time almost everyone in Europe including England practised the Roman Catholic faith which made divorce illegal. Royalty could, however, petition the Pope in Rome to seek an annulment to their marriages on certain grounds ie the marriage had not been consumated. When the Pope refused to annul Henry's marriage to Catherine. Henry passed the Act of Supremecy making himself head of the English Church. Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury was then able to annul the marraige.
Henry did not leave the catholic church. He merely broke away from the control of the Pope in Rome and set himself up as head of the English (catholic) church. He did this so that he could annul his marriage to Katherine of Aragon, which the Pope refused to do, and thus leave him free to marry Ann Boleyn.because he wanted a divorce from his wife for not giving him an heir.
Henry VIII was born and raised a Catholic and was a good Catholic. In fact, the pope gave him the title of 'Defender of the Faith.' Later, however, Henry requested that the pope annul his marriage to Catherine of Aragon who had not provided him with a male heir. When the pope refused, things hit the proverbial fan. Henry broke with the Catholic Church and founded his own church, naming himself, with parliamentary approval, as head of the new church. That ended Henry's relationship with the Catholic Church.
They were a part of the Anglican Church or Church of England that Henry VIII set up after the pope refused to annul his marriage to Catherine of Aragon. The pilgrims became Puritans and then sailed over to the Americas because they did not agree with the secular practices of the Church of England. And did stuff!!
At first, King Henry VIII was Catholic. However, when he met Anne Boleyn and wanted to marry her, she told him that she wouldn't until he divorced his current wife, Catherine of Aragon. He went to the Catholic Church and asked the Pope to annul his marriage to Catherine, but the Pope refused. So Henry broke from the Catholic Church and made Protestantism the official religion of England so that he could marry Anne.
Catherine of Aragon, The Spanish Princess, married Prince Arthur the eldest son of Henry VII. However Arthur died shortly after and before the marriage was physically consummated.After a dispensation from the Pope she married Arthur's brother who later became Henry VIII. She bore him six children but only one survived, a Daughter who later became Mary I.Henry VIII was desperate for a male heir and asked the Pope to annul his marriage to Catherine to allow him to marry again. The Pope refused to annul the marriage. Henry was determined to marry Anne Boleyn and so he broke off religious attachments to Rome and the Pope and declared an Act of Supremacy which effectively made himself head of the English church. Henry VIII then divorced himself from Catherine and married Anne Boleyn.Catherine was banished from court and never accepted her divorce. Henry VIII break with Rome and his divorce from Catherine of Aragon is often cited as one of the complex factors which led to the English Reformation.