What nationality was Job in the Bible?
The Bible says in Job 1:1 that he was a man from the land of "Uz". Uz, or Hus, is usually associated with the land of Aram and the Aramaeans. Job may have been an Aramaean since he lived in that land. ...
Asked in Authors, Poets, and Playwrights
What has the author Merrill F Unger written?
Merrill F. Unger has written: 'Archaeology and the New Testament' -- subject(s): Antiquities, Bible, Evidences, authority, History of contemporary events 'Israel and the Aramaeans of Damascus' -- subject(s): Foreign relations, History ...
Asked in The Bible
Was Baal a female goddess worshipped by the Philistines?
A: Not true. Baal was a male god worshipped by the Philistines, but also by the Edomites, Israelites, Aramaeans and Phoenicians. There is very little evidence that Baal was worshipped in the southern Hebrew kingdom of Judah, but he was worshipped everywhere else around the Levant in ancient times....
Asked in New Testament
Was Jesus an Aramaean?
Aram was the ancient city now known as Damascus, and Aramaeans were its inhabitants. Aramaic was the language of Aram, which was wisely chosen by by the Persians as the common language of their new empire. Aram had already been a great military and trading power, so the language was already well known in parts of the empire. And being a Semitic language, very similar, for example, to Hebrew, it would be easy for much of the empire to adopt. First of...
Asked in Religion & Spirituality
Did Phoenicians believe in gods?
Yes. They were a West Semitic people, closely related to the Canaanites, Hebrews, Aramaeans and Moabites. Researchers have learnt a lot about the Levantine peoples and their religious beliefs and say they were all polytheistic, although Judah eventually moved to monotheism around the time of the Babylonian Exile. Like all their close ethnic relatives, the coastal Phoenicians worshipped gods such as Baal and goddesses such as Astarte, although there were some differences from one group to the next. ...
Asked in Old Testament, Anti-Semitism
What was the first recorded act of anti-semitism in the Old Testament?
We can not realistically talk of anti-semitism in biblical times. The various nations of the ancient Near East warred against each other from time to time, but for secular reasons such as power, prestige, greed or revenge, not because of religious bigotry. At times, Israel's neighbours invaded Israel; at other times Israel invaded its neighbours. Moreover, Israel's neighbours were themselves Semitic people - including the Canaanites, Itureans, Moabites, Edomites and Aramaeans. Anti-semitism is a meaningless term in that context. ...
Asked in Judaism, Syria, Old Testament
What were the Syrian kings and their Jewish neighbors like?
In early biblical times, it is not really possible to talk of either Syrians or Jews, although of course modern Syrians and Jews are the direct descendants of the people of those times. The people of what is now known as Syria were the Aramaeans, a West Semitic people who gradually evolved the Aramaic language. There was no territorial state of the Aramaeans, but a network of somewhat aligned city-states, the most powerful of which was Damascus. The Israelites were also ethnically...
Asked in Tanakh and Talmud
What did the israelites look like?
No one truly knows. They probably looked somewhat like Modern Syrians, Lebanese, Palestinians, and Jordanians who share a similar ancestry. Israelites often questioned the origins of themselves and of the people surrounding them. The table of nations mentioned in Genesis of the Bible shows how the Israelites felt that Arabs, Canaanites, and Aramaeans (now Syrians) were all cousins and of the same stock. Most Anthropologists/Ethnologists can agree that the Ancient Israelites were of Semitic descent just like Arabs are and possessed Mediterranean Caucasian features-...
Is the Old Testament written in Aramaic?
A small portion is, yes. The whole Bible is written in three languages. Aramaic, spoken by the Aramaeans, is an ancient Semitic language with close ties to Hebrew (though the language itself is different, it uses the same letters in its alphabet and is also written from right to left) Formerly called Chaldee, it is found in Ezra 4:8 - 6:18 and 7:12-26; Jeremiah 10:11; and parts of Daniel 2:4 - 7:28. The rest of the OT is written in Hebrew. The NT is written...
Asked in New Testament
What people spoke Aramaic during the time of Jesus?
A: Aramaic was originally the language of Aram, modern Damascus. Because the Aramaeans were great traders, the language became widespread as a second language throughout the ancient Near East, including Babylon. After the Persians conquered Babylon, they adopted Aramaic and made it the official language of the Persian Empire, stretching from Egypt to central Asia. The conquests of Alexandria brought Greek to the Near East, largely supplanting Aramaic. Even Damascus adopted Greek as its lingua franca. Soon, only the Jews and some areas of...
Asked in Old Testament, Passover, Moses
How did Moses impact in history?
The near-consensus of scholars is that there never was an Exodus from Egypt as described in the Bible, in which case there never really was a great Israelite leader called Moses. Thus, Moses had no direct impact on history, but the legendary story of Moses certainly did. Because the story of Moses is central to the Old Testament, it is central to the subsequent development of Judaism. And without a strong belief in a glorious past and their divine right to the...
Asked in Religion & Spirituality, The Bible
Who was the god Baal?
A: Baal was one of the most important West Semitic gods, worshipped as the High god among Phoenicians, but also important in Judah, Israel, Aram and elsewhere. In early times, he was a storm god, but during the eighth century BCE took on characteristics of a solar deity. Keel and Uehlinger (Gods, Goddesses and Images of God in Ancient Israel) say that Yahweh (YHWH) and Baal were almost synonymous in Israel during Iron Age IIB, the period from approximately 925 to 722 BCE...
Asked in Old Testament
Was Elihu one of Job's relatives?
They were distant relatives. Both were in the line of Abraham, so would have been distantly related to each other. Elihu was the son of Bar′a·chel the Buz′ite, a descendant of Abraham's nephew, Buz (Job 32:2, 6; Genesis 22:20, 21). Job was a relative of Abraham, both being descendants of Shem, who was the 'father' of the Semitic peoples: the Elamites, the Assyrians, the early Chaldeans, the Hebrews, the Aramaeans (or Syrians), various Arabian tribes, that lived principally in the southwestern corner of...
Asked in Aramaic Language and Culture
What is the word for Church in the Aramaic Language?
Answer 1: The word "church" does not exist in Aramaic. However, the word used by Aramaeans, and in the Aramaic Gospels is Eidutha. This word is taken from the root word "Witness". Thus, Church in Aramaic is essentially, witness. Answer 2: The word "church" does not exist in Aramaic as such insofar as the Aramaic speaking Christians do not speak English. But the word for the Church DOES exist. The hebrew name could be Qahal (gathering - called in), or better, and in fact...
Asked in English to Hebrew
What is the difference between Hebrew and Aramaic?
Aramaic and Hebrew are quite close, but they do have many small differences. A major difference is the way in which they use the word "the." In Hebrew, "the" is a prefix ה (ha-) and in Aramaic "the" is a suffix א (-a). There are numerous vowel differences as well, especially in the conjugation of verbs. Certain patterns of letter substitution also appear. For example, Hebrew words that contain a ש (sh) are sometimes spelled with a ת (t) in Aramaic. Words that...
Asked in Judaism
Where were the Hebrews located before Canaan?
The earliest Hebrews were Abraham's uncles and cousins for several generations back. They were among the Western Semites and lived in northern Mesopotamia, near the confluence of the Balikh and the Euphrates. Ancient towns were named after the ancestors (Genesis ch.11) of Abraham: The "city of Nahor" was found near the city of Haran which still exists to this day. Equally clear signs of Hebrew residence appear in the names of other towns nearby: Serug (Assyrian SARUGI), Terah (TIL TURAKHI, "Mound of Terah"),...
Asked in Assyria
Who is the greatest Assyrian emperor?
Tiglath-Pileser I was a king of Assyria during the Middle Assyrian Period (1114 -- 1076 BC). According to Georges Roux, who is a French artist and book illustrator, Tiglath-Pileser was, "one of the two or three great Assyrian monarchs since the days of Shamshi-Adad I". Tiglath-Pileser I was the son of Ashur-resh-ishi I (reigned from 1133 to 1115 BC). Tiglath-Pileser had succeeded his father in 1115 BC, and became the greatest Assyrian Emperor. His first campaign was against the Mushki who had occupied certain...
Asked in Old Testament
Who was the strongest nation in Canaan in 1000bc?
Answer By definition, Canaan was the land occupied by the Canaanites themselves, although there was no Canaanite nation and it is difficult even to define what peoples were Canaanite. Palestine - the southern Levant - was divided among three main ethnic groups. The Egyptians and Hittites, who had controlled the Levant between them for several centuries, were no longer a force. The Philistines were an alliance of powerful city-states occupying the coastal plains and foothills between Egypt and approximately where Tel Aviv is now....
Asked in Judaism, Tanakh and Talmud
What race were the Hebrews?
Biblical tradition says that the Hebrew people were descended from the semitic people of Mesopotamia, through the patriarch Abraham. This would suggest that they were of north-eastern semitic stock, although biblical reference to "Ur of the Chaldees" even suggests southern semitic stock, since the Chaldeans were an Arabic tribe that migrated into what is now Iraq, around the eighth century BCE. Scholars working with archaeologists have drawn the strong consensus that the Hebrews were actually rural Canaanites who migrated away from the rich Canaanite...
What are the top oldest cities?
This is a list of the oldest, still surviving, towns and cities in the world. There are some points of contention here and care should be taken when using the list below. The cities have been listed because either the archaeological record has shown, or documents have supported the claim, that the settlement was in existence at the time given. However, presence here should in no way indicate that there is total consensus over the date the city was founded - differences...
Asked in Judaism, Tanakh and Talmud
How were the Hebrews different?
Archaeologists have traditionally looked for the relative absence of pig bones at a settlement site, to determine whether the inhabitants were Hebrew or otherwise. However, some scholars have recently pointed out that this is not a reliable guide, since pigs are difficult to manage for traditionally nomadic people; therefore the absence of pig bones could simply mean that the site had been settled by nomadic pastoralists. There are some clues in potsherds that were discarded by the inhabitants, but even this is controversial....
Asked in The Bible
What things were discovered that prove the bible?
The way in which the bible is proven truthful is many. Pointing to just one discovery is hard since there are many evidences. Digging Up the Evidence The discovery of ancient artifacts buried in Bible lands has supported the historical and geographic accuracy of the Bible. Consider just some of the evidence that archaeologists have dug up. David, the courageous young shepherd who became king of Israel, is well-known to readers of the Bible. His name appears 1,138 times in the Bible, and the expression...