Who were the Maimonides?

"Maimonides" is the Latin spelling for the name of Rabbi Maimon, more precisely Rabbi Moses (Moshe) ben* Maimon, whom we refer to as Rambam (because of the acronym). * ben="son of."

Rabbi Maimon lived from 1135 to 1204, most of his life in Egypt, and authored some very important books on Jewish law and commentary, based upon the Talmud.