The Voortrekkers were Boer settlers who wished to find land of their own outside of Cape Colony. They trekked north in large wagons and founded the Orange Free State and the Transvaal.
I'm not sure but I think it was the Voortrekkers.
The Voortrekkers (Boere) and those dirty Zulus.
The Voortrekkers were trekking over and occupying Zulu lands in much the same way American homesteaders had done 50 years before in the US. -The Zulus, like the Indians, didn't like this.
I don't know all the Voortrekkers names offhand, but I DO KNOW their names and their story are inscribed inside the Voortrekker Monument just a little south of Pretoria. It's well worth a visit.see link for more info -
The Dutch settlers called themselves Voortrekkers
The Dutch settlers in South Africa called themselves the Voortrekkers.
Because there were more British soldiers than Voortrekkers and they were not soldiers, they also had families to care for.
Jan Schipper has written: 'Voortrekkers achterblijvers' -- subject(s): Apartheid, Race relations 'Becoming Frauds'
The Voortrekkers began in 1835 from all over Cape province and southern areas nearby. They trekked north east with huge wagons usually pulled by 4 oxen.
The Zulus were a warrior culture by the time the voortrekkers arrived there. They were used to being the dominant force in the whole of Southern Africa and attacked them out of a misplaced sense of superiority. They were an aggressive nation, whose armies massacred tribes ranging from the eastern cape through the Freestate and as far as Western Transvaal. Diplomacy fro the Zulu's were conducted at the tip of the assegaai. So when they were faced with new comers in their territory they did what the have done for the past 200 years which was to attack.
Albert Botha has: Performed in "Die Voortrekkers" in 1973. Played Sgt. Johan Roux in "Die Afspraak" in 1974. Performed in "Suster Teresa" in 1974. Played Detective in "Die Rebel" in 1976. Played Jasper Oberholse in "Erfgoed is Sterfgoed" in 1976. Performed in "Target of an Assassin" in 1977.
Bingo Mbonjeni has: Played Abraham in "Sononder" in 1971. Performed in "Rogue Lion" in 1972. Played Dingaan in "Die Voortrekkers" in 1973. Performed in "Pens en Pootjies" in 1974. Performed in "Suster Teresa" in 1974. Played Cash General in "Forever Young, Forever Free" in 1975.
These early Dutch-speaking farmers wore simple everyday clothes, but liked finer outfits for celebrations. The Voortrekker bonnet, as worn by women, is the signature element of this style. Other female items are the apron and colorful neckerchiefs with ornate brooches. Males wear broad-brimmed felt hats and waistcoats of silk, satin and velvet. (Description as found on ehow.com)
Julius Royston has: Performed in "A Kract Affair" in 1916. Performed in "The Splendid Waster" in 1916. Performed in "The Gun-Runner" in 1916. Played Louis Perreira in "De Voortrekkers" in 1916. Performed in "A Story of the Rand" in 1916. Performed in "The Silver Wolf" in 1916. Played The Villain (Lorenzo Marks) in "And Then ---" in 1917. Played Jacques Le Toq in "The Symbol of Sacrifice" in 1918.
Historians have identified various factors that contributed to the migration of an estimated 12,000 Voortrekkers to the future Natal, Orange Free State and Transvaal regions. The primary motivations included discontent with the British rule:Anglicisation policiesrestrictive laws on slavery and its eventual abolitionarrangements to compensate former slave ownersthe perceived indifference of British authorities to border conflicts along the Cape Colony's eastern frontier.
The cast of Die Voortrekkers - 1973 includes: Albert Botha Johan Brewis Francis Coertze Dale Cutts as Thomas Halstead Sann de Lange Johan du Plooy as van Rensburg Josh du Toit Anthony Fridjhon as Giorgio Pieter Hauptfleisch Anele Jonker as Debora Retief Danie Joubert as Pieter Retief Ben Kruger as Dirkie Uys Don Lamprecht as Daniel Bezuidenhout Willem Loots as Rev. Francis Owen Ralph Loubser Bingo Mbonjeni as Dingaan Patrick Mynhardt as Piet Retief June Neethling as Lenie Retief Kita Redelinghuys Leonie Ross Simon Sabela Friedrich Stark as Marthinus Oosthuizen Carel Trichardt as Piet Uys Shalimar Undi Dulcie van den Bergh Dirkie van den Bergh as Petrus Bezuidenhout Jaco van der Westhuizen Willie van Rensburg as Hendrik Potgieter Jannie Wienand as Dawid
Josh du Toit has: Played Johan Werner in "Geheim van Onderplaas" in 1962. Played Hajo Petersen in "Coast of Skeletons" in 1965. Played Radio operator in "Staal Burger" in 1969. Played Cheating husband in "Stadig oor die Klippe" in 1969. Performed in "Die Voortrekkers" in 1973. Played Charles in "Lelik Is My Offer" in 1975. Performed in "Albino" in 1976. Played Gerhard Grobbelaar in "Thaba" in 1977.
The Dutch speaking Voortrekkers arrived in the early 19th century, driving away the Matebele with the help of Sotho-Tswana allies, establishing settlements around Rustenburg and Pretoria in the early 1830s, and claiming sovereignty over what would become Johannesburg as part of the South African Republic (known informally as the Transvaal Republic). Gold was discovered in the 1880s and triggered the gold rush. Gold was initially discovered some 400 km to the east of present-day Johannesburg, in Barberton. Gold prospectors soon discovered that there were even richer gold reefs in the Witwatersrand. Gold was discovered at Langlaagte, Johannesburg in 1886.
In the seventeenth century, people living in the low countries were called Nederduits or Nederduitsche (low German). English sailors being the excellent linguists they are got the pronunciation wrong and from "Dowtsch" heard "Dutch". The rest is history.That said, in modern Dutch, the word for Dutch people is actually "Nederlander," a word which WOULD translate easily to "Netherlander."In South Africa where seventeenth century Dutch evolved into Afrikaans, the two principal churches, retain the "Nederduits" title. The Dutch Reformed Church is still called Die Nederduitse Gereformeerde Kerk whilst in the Transvaal, the Voortrekkers established the even more conservative Nederduitse Hervormde Kerk.
To find out about early south Africa you will want to "Google" "Afrikaners". Afrikaners is the name that some early European settlers that were born in South Africa called themselves. Early South Africa were populated by the Koisan, and Bushmen that inhabited mostly the coastal areas of Southern Africa. The early black tribes migrated from West East and Northern Africa towards the south of Africa in search of better grazing for their cattle . It is a fact that the white "afrikaners" preserved many ancient artifacts in museums dating back thousands of year Afrikaners is not the name of the European settlers, but the offspring of these German Settlers, French Hugenots,and British settlers,- and from them stemmed the name Afrikaners. Voortrekkers were Afrikaner white people born in South Africa, who trekked inland to escape the conditions of oppresion by the British Colonial forces at the Cape of Good Hope and her Colonies, which eventually resulted in war between the Afrikaans speaking Voortrekkers, "Boers" (which means "Farmer" in the Afrikaans language) - Afrikaans is in actual fact the Name of the language the Koisan tribes and Boers started speaking to communicate, which originated from the Dutch language, this name of the language only came for recognition in the late fifties and sixties, when Afrikaners fought for its recognition, Afrikaners being some of the white minority in South Africa. Since early years we were all called South Africans - it is only the conservative Afrikaans speaking South Africans that call themselves Afrikaners.
The Dutch East India Company wanted to trade with the East... the problem was that the Dutch had to travel by ship all the way around Africa to get from Europe to Asia, which took months. The Dutch set up a "refreshment station" at the bottom of Africa (the halfway mark of the trade route) to provide the passing ships with fresh food so that the sailors didn't get scurvy etc.Some French Huguenots later joined them along with some Germans.Later the British realized the Dutch were pretty smart and annexed the Cape.When the original settlers got sick of the British rule the "Voortrekkers" moved inland and spread across South Africa.See: Jan van Riebeeck
Before being named the Republic of South Africa, it was named the Union of South Africa. The Union of SA was formed in 1910. It was a British idea, and mostly an excuse to control our mineral riches. Before that South Africa did not exist as a separate country. It did however consist of British controlled areas such as the Cape Colony and Natal. Further to that the Voortrekkers (Dutch farmers who were disgruntled with British rule - 1830's - and moved northwards into Africa) formed two Boer Republics, namely the Transvaal and the Orange Free State. Before that, smaller scattered areas all over Southern Africa were named by the Hunter Gatherers , Khoi-San and several Black tribes.
Johan Brewis has: Played Harry in "Ek sal Opstaan" in 1959. Played Doctor in "Die Banneling" in 1971. Played Dirk in "Breekpunt" in 1971. Played Kidnapper in "Boemerang 11:15" in 1972. Played Judge in "Salomien" in 1972. Performed in "Die Voortrekkers" in 1973. Played Lecturer in "Die Sersant en die Tiger Moth" in 1973. Performed in "Suster Teresa" in 1974. Played Reverend Martin Hemsley in "Funeral for an Assassin" in 1974. Played Joop in "Dans van die Flamink" in 1974. Played Sgt. Hattingh in "Someone Like You" in 1978. Played Cobus Louw in "Broer Matie" in 1984.
Leonie Ross has: Played Nelie in "Hans-die-Skipper" in 1952. Played Mrs. Wessels in "Stadig oor die Klippe" in 1969. Played Sonja Le Roux in "Geheim van Nantes" in 1969. Played Constance Henley in "Salomien" in 1972. Played Mrs. Hoffman in "Die Lewe Sonder Jou" in 1972. Performed in "Die Voortrekkers" in 1973. Played Mrs. Murray in "Kwikstertjie" in 1974. Performed in "Suster Teresa" in 1974. Played Mrs. de Villiers in "Vergeet My Nie" in 1976. Played Belle de Villiers in "Nicolene" in 1978. Played Mrs. Meiring in "Grensbasis 13" in 1979. Played Sofie du Preez in "Weerskant die Nag" in 1979. Performed in "Night of the Puppets" in 1980.
Dulcie van den Bergh has: Played Mrs. Papenfus in "Die Tweede Slaapkamer" in 1962. Played Sarie van Renen in "Die Ruiter in die nag" in 1963. Played Welfare worker in "Danie Bosman: Die verhaal van die grootste S.A. komponis" in 1969. Played Guest at engagement party in "Katrina" in 1969. Played Woman at wagon in "Strangers at Sunrise" in 1969. Performed in "Die Voortrekkers" in 1973. Played Ralie in "Ongewenste Vreemdeling" in 1974. Played Sarah Baker in "Geluksdal" in 1974. Played Shop assistant in "Wolhaarstories" in 1983. Played Nellie Burger in "Tawwe Tienies" in 1984. Played Sanna in "Circles in a Forest" in 1989. Played Ouma Gous in "Orkney snork nie" in 1989. Played Stienie Steyn in "Agter elke man" in 1990.