Why did Brazil switch capitals?

From 1763 to 1960 Rio de Janeiro was the Brazilian capital. In 1956, Brazilian President Juscelino Kubitschek de Olveira [September 12, 1902-August 22, 1976] ordered the building of Brasilia to fulfill an article in Brazil's Constitution. Dating from 1891, the article stated that the capital should be moved from Rio de Janeiro to a more central location within the country.

It took 41 months to build Brasilia, from 1956 to 1960. Brasilia officially was inaugurated as the capital on April 21, 1960. The city's building and inauguration were begun and completed within the presidential term of 'Jota Ka', 1956-1961.

*The popular nickname for the President is based on his initials, 'JK'.