Why did European Colonies establish colonies?

  • Economic Growth
  • Resources
  • Competition
  • Overpopulation

All these are tru but in detail: Spain wanted gold, converts for Chritianity, land and power. Later developed sugar plantations on a large scale.

English wanted a place where dissidents and later many others could immigrate to (overpop) as well as gold. Later developed tobacco, deer skin, lumber (for Navy) and sugar cane/rum industry.

French wanted gold, a way to Orient but got into fur trade mainly.