Why did civilizations first rise along the Fertile Crescent?
The fertile crescent was a land abounding in natural fruits and pastures, especially in the earliest time. Many people were being forced from the north by severe winters and slowly the rich valleys of Mesopotamia became their home.
Because this place is known to have a good source of living in ancient times. There are rivers, the Tigres and Euphrates which is mainly the primary source of food. Anthropologists discovered these through the radio-carbon dating then, that the fossils have older ages than those found. So as a temp conclusion, coz researchers are still searching, that's why temp.., the Fertile Crescent is the "cradle of life". hope this helps :)
The first civilizations rose in an area called the Fertile Crescent. They were city-states who often fought for territory and control of the Euphrates and Tigris rivers. They mostly lived in an area called Sumer, the southern part of Mesopotamia. This was an area that soon became where the great civilizations of Babylonia and Assyria rose.
The ascent of 'civilized' society had much to do with the change from hunting and gathering for food to agriculture. As it happens, the first known people to make that change were Natufian tribes who lived in the area that is now Israel and Lebanon. The sedentary lifestyle, the switch to agriculture and the building of villages and later on of cities spread from there, and into the fertile crescent for the very reason that…
One of the most important inventions that came out of the fertile crescent was written language by the Sumerians (Sumer - Present day Iraq). Prior to this there is no known written language predating that of Sumerian texts (Cuneiform script). The fertile crescent was also home to the birth of modern day agriculture and the domestication of goats, sheep, and grains. The region is also where complex societies and governments first arose.
Why is mesopotamia an appropriate name for the place where the civilizations of the Fertile Crescent first began?
The name Mesopotamia comes from the Greek for 'middle' and 'river,' and meant land between the rivers. It got this name because it referred to the land between the rivers Tigris and Euphrates in modern day Iraq. It was a toponym; that is, a name for a geographical area. It did not make any reference to the peoples who lived there. Mesopotamia was only one part of the Fertile Crescent. A crescent is a half…