History of India

Once part of the ancient Indus Valley civilization and later controlled by Great Britain, India has a long and varied history.

Asked in India, History of India, India Politics

Who is the Rashtrapitamah of India?

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Though constitutionally it has not been declared that Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati is the Rashtrapitamah of India but the people and the nation, believe and say, that Swami Dayanand Saraswati the founder of Arya samaj is the Grandfather of India. Swami Dayanand had proclaimed India for Indians in 1876 (Commentry on Yajurveda -Lazarus Press Banaras 1876). It was his teachings and the book Satyarth Prakash that inspired leaders, scholars, reformers and revolutioneries like Aurobindo Ghosh, Dadabhoy Naroaji, Lokmanya Tilak for the Independence movement. Swami Dayanand's disciple Shyamji Krishan Verma who founded India House in London inspired Madam Cama, Ver Sawarkar, Lala Hardyal, Madan Lal Dhingra, Bhagat Singh etc. who laid down their lives for the independence of India. Alan Octavian Hume, founder of Indian National Congress (that professes the party to be the fore-runner of the freedom struggle) and Annie Besant, the first President had declared that Swami Dayanand laid the foundation of the Freedom movement. Another View: It was for some political situations and compulsions that Mahatma Gandhi was declared Father of the Nation which title swami Dayanand deserved. That is why and how Ananthswami Ayyangar the first Speaker of Indian Parliament and the that time President of the ruling party Indian Nationlal Congress Pattabhi Sitaramayya had to say that Gandhi is the Father of the Nation and Dayanand is the Grandfather of the Nation because Gandhi reaped what Dayanand had sown.
Asked in Hinduism, History of India, History, Slogans and Mottos

What is the slogan by Swami Dayanand Saraswati?

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"Back to the Vedas" is the slogan by Swami Dayanand Saraswati. Swarajya, Swadeshi and Go-raksha for better and sound economy were other slogans given by the Swami
Asked in India, History of India, India Politics

Who can be called Rashtrapitamah of India?

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A person, a leader or a philosopher who has guided, been the idol or a protector of the Rashtrapita. Or alternatively, on whose lines the Rashtrapita has learnt, followed, practised and carried out the mission for the freedom, construction and development of the nation. 'Rashtrapitamah sows the seeds for the Nation and Rashtrapita reaps'. Reviewing the historical facts and happenings, it can be judged that it is Swami Dayanand Saraswati, founder of Arya Samaj, who inspired millions of Indians to fight for the freedom of India deserves to be called Rashtrapitamah. Because of his teachings, out of the freedom fighters and revolutionaries 70% people were from Arya samaj only who sacrificed their lives for the freedom of India. The Indian Nation owes this credit to the Swami.
Asked in Famous People, History of India, Historical Figures

Who is regarded greater in Indian History Swami Dayanand or Swami Vivekanand?

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Both Swami Dayanand Saraswati and Swami Vivekanand have a great place in the Indian rather World History in the fields of spirituality and philosophy. While Swami Dayanand (1824-1883) was a Revolutionary Reformer and a Vedic Sanskrit Scholar, Swami Vivekanand was a disciple of Ramakrishna who appeared on the Indian scene much later (1863-1902), was a philosopher who spoke for Hinduism and worked for infusing energy into the youth of India. Dayanand had sown the seeds for the Indian freedom (Swarajya) in 1876 which were furthered by Naroaji, Tilak, Gandhi and millions of freedom fighters and revolutionaries by their sacrifices. And as such viewed from historical angles and the contribution to the Nation, Swami Dayanand is regarded as senior or greater and is regarded as Rashpitamah.
Asked in History of India

Who is an unknown freedom fighter of India?

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The Struggle and fight for freedom of India has been a long story and history. Indians are basically nonviolent peace loving and God Loving religious people. The freedom struggle in fact started actively after the First War of Independence in 1857. After that thousands of Freedom Fighters have contributed in this fight - most of them have remained unknown in the eyes of the historians. It is a long long list of those fighters and there is no such any single Unknown freedom fighter as asked.
Asked in History of India

How it is true that Swami Dayanand Saraswati is called Rashtrapitamah?

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Though this has not been officially declared, but Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati, the founder of Arya Samaj is considered as the 'Rashtrapitamah' as he laid the foundation of the freedom movement in India and Mahatma Gandhi followed his path to get India's independence. Mahatma Gandhi, the Rashtrapita (Father of the Nation) is said to have reaped what Swami Dayanand Saraswati had sown for the Nation for its freedom (Swarajya). Since, Mahatma Gandhi has been declared as Rashtrapita (Father of Nation), Swami Dayanand for sure can be called Rashtrapitamah (Grandfather of Nation) - he being a social and political father of the 'Father of the Nation' (Rashtrapita). Gandhi said that Balganga Dhar Tilak was his political Guru and Tilak had learnt the lessons of Swarajya from Dada Bhoi Naroaji whereas it is the historical fact that Naroaji had learnt these lessons from Swami Dayanand Saraswati through his writings (Satyarth Prakash) as the historians write. Gandhi's practice of Ahimsa, Nonviolence, Truth, his fight against untouchability and emancipation of women and their education were all the givings and teachings of Swami Dayanand Saraswati.So it is but imperative that Swami Dayanand Saraswati be addressed and called as Grandfather of Indian Nation or Rashtrapitamah.
Asked in History of India, India, India Politics

Who is called the Grandfather of India?

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Maharish Dayanand Saraswati is known as the Grandfather of India. Mahatma Gandhi is called as the Father of India. From that perspective Maharishi Dayanand is rightfully the Grandfather of India since he had prepared the ground for the Swarajya movement in 1857. A A Aiyangar, the first Speaker of India's Constitutional Assembly had also declared the same that if Gandhi we have declared as Father of the Nation, Dayanand is the Grandfather of the Nation. Great Indian Historian Pannikar had stated that 80% of the persons fighting for the freedom struggle were from Arya samaj founded by Swami Dayanand. Examining the historical events and facts, it is but imperative to re-evaluate the status of Swami Dayanand in the History of India and he be constitutional declared as GRANDFATHER OF INDIA which rightfully he deserved.
Asked in History of India, Mohandas Gandhi

When Gandhi is called Father or Rashtrapita of the Nation who deserves to be called as Grandfather or Rashtrapitamah of the Nation?

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The same question has been asked in many different ways and has been well answered by different contributors. They all should be clubbed and placed. Swami Dayanand deserves indeed to be called Rashtrapitamah of the Nation.
Asked in History, Politics & Society, India, History of India, Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam

Who led the independence for India?

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The history of Freedom Struggle started with Swami Dayanand Saraswati with his Nationalist and Reformatory movement. Thereafter, a movement started infusing the spirits enunciated by him into the people of the country. Following the inspirations given by the Swami, the First war of Independence had begun with Rani Luxmi Bai, Nanaji and others. With the revolt in the so named Mutiny, the fire became big. Thereafter thousands of martyres sacrificed their lives in the country and also abroad in that struggle. The struggle culminated in the final strokes of INA Netaji Subhash Chander Bose leading one part and Mahatma Gandhi, Pandit Nehru and party leading the other. Destiny favored the latter and Gandhi and party got the credit. That was also a political destiny that Mahatma Gandhi who never approved the decision of Partition of the Country had to submit, but this submission though with protest gave him the title of Father of the Nation - Rashtrapita
Asked in History of India, India, Mohandas Gandhi

Who was responsible for partition of India?

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Most Indians say and believe that Nehru and Mohammed Ali Jinnah were the two persons responsilble for the partion. Having no choice left but to quit, the British was also equally responsible because of their Divide and Rule policy. They wanted country to be troubled with communal riots which eventually took place in different parts of the country thus taking a huge toll on human life - killing three millions. There was no alternative except partition of the country at that stage since Nehru was determined and so was Jinnah. Mahatma Gandhi wanted to save the division and he even offered Jinnah to be the President of Undivided India and not press for the division which Jinnah agreed to. BUT IT DID NOT SUIT the most ambitious and adamant political leader Jawahar Lal Nehru who had dreamt and wanted to be the first prime minister of Independent India. He maneuvered with the connivance of his lieutenants and Lord Mountbatton, his friend, to sign the Partition of India Act against the wishes of Mahatma Gandhi and other nationalist leaders of the country. hope this helped!!!
Asked in India, History of India, India Politics

Who is Grandfather of Indian Nation?

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While Gandhi is called Father of India, Swami Dayanand is to be called as Grandfather of India since Dayanand is the political father of the Father of the Nation - what Gandhi practised to achieve freedom, Dayanand had preached taught and practised a century ago in 1876 when Mohan Das Gandhi was only 7 years old.
Asked in Famous People, History of India, Mohandas Gandhi

Who can be described as tallest amongst Mahatma Gandhi Aurobindo Ghosh Swami Vivekanand and Swami Dayanand in Indian history?

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Mahatma Gandhi had reaped what Dayanand had sown for the Swarajya movement. Arvindo Ghosh regarded Swami Dayanand as the tallest amongst all who fought for the Swarajya. Swami Vivekananda infused energy into the sleeping nation telling Arise and Awake, while Swami Dayanand Saraswati, who had founded Arya Samaj much earlier, generated the spirit of Freedom i.e. Self Governance or Swarajaya. That is how Swami Dayanand Saraswati stands tallest and is revered as Rashtrapitamah of India.
Asked in India, History of India, India Government

Who is called as the 'Rashtrapitamah' of India?

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Though this has not been officially declared, but Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati, the founder of Arya samaj is considered as the 'Rashtrapitamah'. As such he laid the foundation of the freedom movement in India, Mahatma Gandhi also followed his path to get India's independence.
Asked in Germany in WW2, History of India, Abraham Lincoln

What is the ethnic background of the Indian people?

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They are Indians, however Indians in America North and South are descendants of Aryans. only When Christopher Columbus reached America he called it Indies because the kings and chieftains there he encountered in America, were all Indians who gave Columbus gifts of Jewellery and gold much found traditionally in India. Since they were not very white and were nearly red, Columbus called them Red Indians. When European nations started setting up their colonies they drove these Native Indians and settled in America after destroying their history and distorting their culture terming those Natives as not from India
Asked in History of India, Hinduism, India

In what way Swami Dayanand contributed to freedom movement of India?

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Through his book Satyarth Prakash, preachings, travels and founding a revolutionary organisation Arya Samaj in creating a political, spiritual and religious awakening and arousing nationalism in Indians.
Asked in Job Interviews, History of India, Websites

What questions will an interviewer ask?

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Questions an Interviewer is likely to ask are: 1. Can you tell me about yourself? 2. What are your greatest strengths? 3. What are your greatest weaknesses? 4. Why are you interested in this particular area of work? 5. Why should we hire you? 6. What interests you about our company, agency, school? 7. Why are you looking for a job? 8. Why did you leave your last job? 9. What didn't you like about your last job? 10. What did you like about your last job? 11. What were your major contributions to your last job? 12. Why have changed jobs so frequently? 13. May we contact your employer? 14. How do you feel about a female boss? 15. Can you work under pressure? 16. How do you handle pressure? 17. Are you willing to travel? 18. What are your long-term objectives? 19. What are your short-term objectives? 20. How do you hope to benefit from this job? 21. Would you be able to relocate? 22. What is your feeling about working for a large...small...medium-size company? 23. Can you delegate responsibility? Cite an example. 24. Have you ever hired anyone? 25. How did you help to increase sales and/or profits at your last job? 26. How long do you envision yourself working for this company? 27. Would you be willing to take less money? 28. Have you ever been responsible for profit-and-loss statements? 29. Can you give us business and character references? 30. Do you have any handicaps? 31. What are your three greatest accomplishments in your career? 32. Do you like to work? Why? 33. Have your objectives changed over the last few years? How and why? 34. What kind of contribution can you make to our company? 35. Are you creative? Analytical? 36. Do you like to manage people? 37. Do you consider yourself to be an aggressive individual? 38. Do you feel you are being fairly compensated at your present job? Why or why not? 39. How far do you feel you can go in this company? 40. If you could choose any company for which you could work, where would you work? 41. What interests you most about this job? 42. What interests you least about this job? 43. How do you react to criticism? 44. Are you organized? Cite some examples. 45. What are your feelings about success? 46. Why do you want this job, what experience you got, what are your skills 47. Why should we hire you?
Asked in Cows and Cattle, India, History of India

Why is the cow sacred in India?

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Indians consume milk on a daily basis, and the cow as a provider of milk, is equated to one's mother (hence the expression Gomäta = mother cow). Traditionally, Indians had cows in every household. They were part of the family, with names and personalities. Just like one would not hurt/eat their pets, the Indians did not hurt the cows and respected them. The cow has a special role in the Hindu mythologies; Kamadhenu is a wish-fulfilling cow. A cow is also depicted as vehicle of several deities. Many social reform movements in India (Jainism, Buddhism, the Bhakti Movement, Gandhi's non-violent movement) advocated non-violence, and no cruelty to animals. So in India, other animals also (like elephants, mice, monkeys) are considered holy. That said, many ethnic communities do eat beef in India. The cow meat is consumed by Roman Catholics, Anglo-Indians, and several other non-Brahmin Hindu communities. However Slaughter of the cows is banned in several states keeping in view the sentiments of Hindu religion.
Asked in Religion & Spirituality, History of India

Who founded arya samaj where and when?

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Maharshi Swami Dayanand Saraswati in Bombay in the year 1875
Asked in India, History of India

Why nehru became first prime minister of India?

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Nehru was not elected by the Congress party, out of 15 votes 14 went to Sardar Patel and 1 to Nehru. Nehru was desperate for position and power, so he told Mr Gandhi, that I will split the congress. If the congress was split English rule would not have handed over the rule to congress, Gandhi had no other option but to, bend in front of Nehru. So Gandhi Convinced Sardar Patel and Nehru's Name was brought forward.
Asked in India, History of India

Who is called as the Rashtrapitamah of India?

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Swami Dayanand Saraswati Founder of Arya Samaj whose laid out policies and principles Mahatma Gandhi followed that is why Pattabhi Sitaramaiya, the President of Congress had said at the time of attaining freedom of India, "Gandhi reaped what Dayanand had sown for the Freedom of India"
Asked in History of India, Slogans and Mottos

Who are the Social reformers of India and what are their contribution and motto?

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THERE WERE MANY SUCH SOCIAL REFORMERS OF INDIA THE WORD "SOCIAL REFORMER" ITSELF SAYS THAT REFORM INDIA INTO A DEVELOPING COUNTRY, i.e.TO MAKE INDIA INTO A DEVELOPING COUNTRY. To name some : ANNIE BESANT Founder of Theosophical Society Annie Besant was born in London to Irish parents. In 1893, she left for India having been influenced by the Indian culture and civilization. She was famous as a social worker, educationalist and journalist. RAJA RAM MOHAN ROY Founder of Brahma Samaj SWAMI DAYANAND SARASWATI Founder of Arya samaj ISHWAR.C. Vidyasagar AND A MULTITUDE TO REFORM THE DEGENERATED INDIAN NATION AND SOCIETY BECAUSE OF THE MIS-RULE OF BRITISHERS
Asked in India, History of the United States, Native American History, History of India

What is the difference between American freedom struggle and Indian freedom struggle?

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American freedom struggle is through wars and bloodshed killing the Native Indians whereas the Indian struggle was a peaceful one - though with the blood of the sacrifices of martyrs..
Asked in Ancient History, India, History of India, Thomas Jefferson

What are the accomplishments in India?

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India i.e Bharat has innumerable accomplishments from which all the countries have learnt something or the other. India gave a language in in the form of Sanskrit the mother of languages and grammar, through which all the languages have developed. India taught through its scriptures Vedas and Upnishads the meaning of life and the way to live. India dispersed all knowledge to the Universe whether of Arithmatics, astronomy, astrology, agriculture, metaphysics, metallurgy etc. etc. etc. etc. . . . . . . . . . . .
Asked in Germany in WW2, India, History of India, India Language and Culture

What aspects of Aryan society have had the greatest impact on the history of India?

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Aryans as the natives of India have affected the whole mankind and the world. Aspects of Aryan Society - 1. Polytheism of nature-gods and worshipping. 2. Caste system based on professions as enunciated by Manu Rishi in Manusmriti 3. Use of horses and bullocks . 4. Sanctity of cow 5. Textiles and Clothing 6. Languages are derivatives of Sanskrit 7. Gurukul system of education 8. Sanctity of fire for its usefulness and sustenance of life Impact on history- Ayurveda Yoga and Health Sciences Swastika (adopted by Nazis) Invention of scythe-chariot by Ajathashatru The Decimal number system, Arithmetic, Astronomy, Knowledge of Earth a Sphere, Geometry Formulae, Earth revolving around Sun, Evolution of Buddhism and other isms. Gave luminaries hundreds of scholars and philosophers right from the Rishis to Chanakya Wealth of temples attracted Islamic invaders from central Asia and then the Europeans. Refusal to use cow/pig greased rifles sparked off First War of Independence 1857 (probably other things as well - not able to recollect top off my mind)