Why did the pope take the Bible away from the Catholics?

I'm so sorry, but you seem to be misinformed. The first pope, St. Peter, actually wrote several of the letters in the New Testament. Pope Damasus I in the late fourth century was the first Pope to approve which books made up the Bible, and which didn't - that is still the Bible we use today. Every single Pope for hundreds of years has made sure that every single Catholic Church in the world had a complete set of the Scriptures so that they could be read at every Mass. Pope Damasus I appointed the great Saint Jerome to make a good translation of the Bible for use by the Catholic Church as the Bible was in Greek and most of the people by then spoke Latin, and thousands of monks through the centuries have spent their entire lives copying the Scriptures so that every Church could have a copy - remember printing wasn't invented until the fifteenth century.

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Bottom line? The popes have done everything but stand on their heads to try and make sure that the Bible was as widely distributed as possible. They required that copies be made and distributed, and they required them to be available in Churches and chained so that anyone who could read would have one available (they were hideously expensive and stealing them was high on thieve's list as they were often beautifully decorated with gems and such). A common Bible could take a whole herd of sheep just for the skins to make the parchment.

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Popes also had to make sure that translations were accurate and that unscrupulous individuals were not making incorrect copies that had errors or outright lies in them. Many Bishops were kept busy, especially after the invention of the printing press burning illegimate copies which were full of errors and heresies.

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Quite the opposite, the Popes have always done their best to make sure that people were as familiar with the Bible as possible. The Church supported schools through her Cathedrals and her monasteries to teach people to read, and the monks did their level best to preserve and copy as many Bibles as they could, all with the approval of the Popes.

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If it weren't for nearly 300 popes over the past 2,000 years, and thousands of unknown monks, no one would have a Bible today!