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# Why do amplifiers have a high input impedance?

The best way to answer this question might be to consider the consequences if the input impedance was low: with a low input impedance, (signifficant) current would start flowing, and the amplifier would draw energy from the signal sources. None of the typical signal sources is designed to deliver energy on its outputs (after all, this is where the amplifier itself comes in). It is certainly possible to think that some of these sources might be changed to deliver some energy, but this is not the case with present-time tuners, CD players, microphones, and so forth. Assuming that the energy supply was not the issue, just to ponder this theoretical scenario a little further, the fact that current would flow from the source to the amplifier would also make the signal more vulnerable to the characteristics of the cable that connects the two. The high impedance of an amplifier input draws no energy, thereby avoiding these issues. It is the amplifier's task to convert a very low energy, voltage-driven signal into an higher energy output signal (driving the speakers which themselves have a very low impedance). ---- The way I typically think about this is to consider connecting a load to a Thevenin equivalent circuit . The voltage across the load is given by the voltage divider formula (Vload = Vsrc * Rload/(Rload+Rthevenin)). If there is a very low load impedance--this means the amplifier has a very low input impedance--most of the source voltage will drop over the Thevenin equivalent resistance. With a very high input impedance, however, the majority of the signal voltage will be transferred from the source to the load because in the above equation, if Rload >> Rthevenin, Vload is approximately equal to Vsrc. if an amplifier has low impedance input the f/b must be low impedance also which make it in practical to use. The hi impedance of a typical amplifier is because the input is one two diodes basically operating on it exponential curve. Making it virtual the same as the other diode. for a differential amplifier. Boltzmann constant will define the impedance of a single diode.

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