Why does Buddhism appeal to peasants?
Buddhism is famous not only to the peasants but also to the rich and famous. http://www.adherents.com/largecom/fam_buddhist.html To answer your question; because it helps the people to know the causes of their sufferings and ways on how to eliminate these causes and therefor eliminate the sufferings. Buddhism is mainly the cessation of sufferings through one own's effort without any help from any divinities. Buddhism is a way of life. It's not a religion; if we compare it to the definition of religion.