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It reacts with the acidic conditions (since the NH2 is basic) to form the meta-directing electron withdrawing group NH3. This forms the meta-nitroaniline.

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โˆ™ 2010-12-14 22:48:57
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Q: Why does aniline when subjected to nitration conditions followed by a basic work up form the meta nitroanline and not ortho or para?
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