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Low head water potential makes low water velocities. Low head turbines are then slow and big size. To accommodate that we put there generators with multiple pars of poles. That enable generator running at low speed as 187.5RPM to generate AC of 50Hz.

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Q: Why is operating speed of hydro turbine low?
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Difference between francis and kaplan turbines?

The comparison kaplan and francis hydro power turbine is as under: 1. Efficiency of Kaplan hydro power turbine is higher. 2. Kaplan turbine is more compact in cross-section and has higher rotational speed to that of francis hydro power turbine. 3. In Kaplan turbine, the water flow is axia and in francis trubine it is radial. 4. The runner blades in the kaplan turbine is less in number. 5. Specific speed of Kaplan turbine is 2 to 3 times that of Fancis turbine. 6. Friction loss in Kaplan turbine is less. 7. Francis turbine requires medium head while Kaplan trubines are low head hydro power turbines.


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