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Why is the corona hotter than the surface of the sun?

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Answered 2015-03-23 12:12:32

The ions leaving the sun are accelerated prior to entering the corona. The accelerated ions have a higher velocity and this higher velocity creates a higher temperature through collisions.

The corona is hotter than the photosphere because the sun's magnetic field carries energy upward from the surface and into the chromosphere and corona. The opposite effect is observed when the magnetic fields cause sunspots to form, resulting in cooler surfaces.

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The Surface of the sun or chromosphere is the coolest layer of the sun. Unexpectedly the corona of the sun is hotter than its surface

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